History of Computers in Healthcare

  • 1950's Computers in Healthcare

    1950's Computers in Healthcare
    In the mid 1950's computers were mainly used in the automation of financial and accounting functions in hospitals. Computers took up entire rooms. These were process oriented systems.
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    Electronic Health Records

    Early electronic health record efforts started in the 1960's and 1970's in academic medical centers that developed their own systems.
  • 1960's Computers in Healthcare

    1960's Computers in Healthcare
    In the 1960's some hospitals began using patient care applications. This photo was of a cardiac unit in 1965.

    In 1969 the concept of Uniform Minimum Health Data Set was formulated to develop nationwide data standards and guidelines. Computer Stored Ambulatory Record was developed in the late 1960's to help providers with administrative, financial and medical needs.
  • 1970's Computers in Healthcare

    In the late 1960's and early 1970's health departments worked with vendors to develop software to report statistical data to state and federal governments.
  • 1970's Computers in Healthcare

    In 1971 the Problem Oriented Medical Information System was implemented in a gynecology unit. It was then redeveloped for use on a medical unit. This system was patient oriented . In 1972 the Uniform Hosptial Data Set was adopted.
  • 1970's Computers in Healthcare

    In 1973 the US Public Health Service, Divison of Nursing, Department of Health, Education and Welfare funds held the first invitational conference to teach nurses how to use computerized management systems for administration, statistcs reporting, and cost analysis.
    In the late 1970's hospital information systems started using online data communications technology.
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    Electronic Health Records

    Starting in the 1980's industry wide standards were created to make electronic health record use more widespread.
  • 1980's Computers in Healthcare

    In 1982 the first International Medical Informatics Association Working Conference was held in London, England.
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    The most widely recognized standards developing organization that started in 1987. Creating standards taht specify what computer languages can be used and other things to make sure that different software programs can work together in the electronic health record across different platforms.
  • 1990's Computers in Health Care

    In 1992 work began on the Patient Care Data Set
  • 1990's Personal Data Assistants

    In 1995 Personal Data Assistants (PDA) started appearing in hospitals to be used to capture data.
  • 2000's Health Information Exchanges

    The development of Health Information Exchanges formerly know as RHIO's
  • Health Information Technology for Economic whand Clinical Health Act

    the HITECH Act was put in place in 2009 and provides for higher payments to providers who "meet meaningful use" criteria which includes the use of Electronic Health Records among other requirements.