History May 2

  • Air Traffic Contollers Strike

    When thousands of workers went on strike, President Reagan refused to negotiate with the Professional Air Traffic Controller's Organization and then fired the workers that were striking. The workers violated a law forbidding federal employees from going on strike.
  • Equal Access Act

    A United States Federal Law which compels secondary schools, funded by the government, to provide equal access for religious extra-cirricular activities and clubs.
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    Iran-Contra Scandal

    Began when the U.S. sold weapons to Iran in exchange for their promise to pressure terrorist groups in Lebanon to release some American hostages. The plan failed, and went against the policy of refusing to negotiate with terrorists.
  • Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act

    Officially known as the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, this act called for automatic spending cuts to be made if Congress or the president failed to reach the established targets. Though, the automatic cuts were declared unconsitutional, and a revised version of the Act was passed in 1987.
  • Westside Community School District v. Mergens

    A westside high school in Omaha, Nebraska, refused to let a group of students from a Christian Bible study group. The student's then argued that the decision violated the Equal Access Act. The court ruled that the club could hold their meetings on school grounds, as long as the leader was not getting paid.
  • Reno v. ACLU

    A United States Supreme Court Case that began when all 9 court Justices voted to remove the anti-indecency part of the Communications Decency Act (CDA). They argued that the part violated freedom of speech provisions in the First Amendment. This was the first major case in the Supreme Court dealing with regulation of Internet materials.
  • Mitchell v. Helms

    A Supreme Court Decision that allowed loans to be made to religious schools, through Chapter 2 of The Education and Consolidation and Improvement Act of 1981.
  • Bush v. Gore

    The landmark decision of the Supreme Court that adequately resolved the 2000 presidential election, in favor of Gearge Bush. The decision gave allowance for the previous 25 eloctoral votes from Florida to stand. This gave Bush 271 electoral votes, which allowed him to win the Electoral College and win the election.