History

Timeline created by Mashailali44
In History
  • Notes About Cold War

    Notes About Cold War
    The U.S (free world) versus USSR (communist World)
    would last about 45 years
    neither country directly fought one another
  • Space Race

    Space Race
    Launching satellites (Sputnik 1957; Soviet victory)
    Race to the moon (U.S victory)
  • How Was Cold War Fought

    How Was Cold War Fought
    Arms race (each side built up huge nuclear arsenals)
    1949 USSR achieved atomic explosion
  • Technology

    Technology
    Technology on both sides let to advanced:
    a. destructive power
    b. numbers of weapons
    c. methods of delivery
  • Sports and Movies

    Sports and Movies
    Olympic games served as a cold war battlefield
    2. stereotypes:
    a. we portrayed the Soviets as cold & ruthless
    b. they portrayed Americans as spoiled & undisciplined
  • Rise of Bolsheviks

    List of events that allowed the rise of bolsheviks in russia
    - October revolution
    - Czar Nicholas II
    - Temporary Gov't
    - Weak economy
  • League of Nations

    The U.S decided not to join the league of nations because they did not like alliances
  • 2 Italian brothers

    Sacco and Vanzetti. They were convicted of robber and murder.
  • WWII Outcome

    -Hitler violated the treaty of Versailles
    -Germany invaded Poland with the blitskreig attack (ww11 begins)
    - The U.S passed the Neutrality Act. What does it mean to warring nations?
    - No arms from the U.S
  • Works Progress Administration

    The Works Progress Administration (WPA; renamed in 1939 as the Work Projects Administration) was an American New Deal agency, employing millions of people (mostly unskilled men) to carry out public works projects, including the construction of public buildings and roads.
  • Unwise foreign policy

    Unwise Foreign policy was a huge part of the great depression
  • Code Word

    Code word FORTITUDE was a deception plan for overload
  • Woodrow Wilson

    Woodrow Wilson
    He is an American who suffered from a stroke. He was distracted from WWI. He served as the 28th president and 34th governor of New Jersey.
  • Mass Consumption

    Mass Consumption
  • Franklin Roosevelt

    Franklin Roosevelt
    -Born into a wealthy New York family
    - Only child
    - Harvard educated
    - Defeated Herbert Hoover
    - Created a "brain trust"
  • What Sparked WWI

    What Sparked WWI
    The Assassination of Franz Ferdinand.
  • Causes of WWI

    Causes of WWI
    Militarism
    Alliances
    Imperialism
    Nationalism
    Extreme Leaders
  • Trench Warfare

    Trench Warfare
    It was miserable and it had lots of new technology and weapons
  • Weapons

    Weapons
    Machine guns
    Zeppelin
    Gas
    Tank
    Planes
    Tornedoes
  • Central Power

    Central Power
    The Central Powers consist of Austria-Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire.
  • Allied power

    Allied power
    Allied powers are Serbia, Russia, France, the United Kingdom, Italy, Belgium and the United States.
  • Lusitania

    German submarines sink the Lusitania killing 128 Americans.
  • Sussex Pledge

    The Sussex Pledge is a promise not to attack ships without warning, but Germany sinks it anyway, a French passenger ship.
  • Zimmerman Note

    In the Zimmerman Note, Germany proposes an alliance with Mexico. Most people did not take the Zimmerman Not seriously.
  • Russian Revolution

    Russian Revolution
    The Russian Revolution made America more willing to join the allies. Russian Revolution brings the republican government to Russia.
  • New Techonology

    Lots of new technology was added to the WWI
  • 1920 Election

    1920 Election
    James Cox, Wilsons choice, with V.P. running mate F. Roosevelt
  • Transition From War To Peace

    Transition From War To Peace
    The isolationist spirit was strong after WWI.
  • Warren G. Harding

    Warren G. Harding
    He was elected president in 1922
  • Great Depression

    Great Depression
    The stock market crashed
  • Depression Actions/ Policies

    Depression Actions/ Policies
    aimed at "priming the economic pump"
    Federal Farm board
    1. Coordinate crop production
    2. Withhold crops from the market until prices rose.
  • Cut Federal Income Tax

    Cut Federal Income Tax
    It didn't do much because taxes were already low and the wealthy saved their tax cut; frightened of the future.
  • Dust Bowl

    Dust Bowl
    a drought and a storm that happened and farmers had to move west coast.
  • Hoovervills

    Hoovervills
    A place where people lived during the great depression
  • Hawley- Smoot Tariff Act

    Hawley- Smoot Tariff Act
  • "Rugged Individualism"

    "Rugged Individualism"
  • RFC

    RFC
    Reconstruction Finance Corporation
  • Rationing,Convoy,Manchuria

    M: A resource-rich region in Northern China
    R: Limiting the purchase of a variety of products
    C: System where cargo ships traveled in groups escorted by navy warships.
  • Appeasement

    Appeasement
    Giving in to the demands of an aggressor.
    Appeasements that have happened:
    - In 1938, Hitler annexed Austria and then demanded the Sudetenland, a part of Czechoslovakia.
    -At Munich Conference, British and French leaders agreed to give Hitler a part of Czechoslovakia in order to avoid war.
  • 'Phony War'

    Period of no fighting September 1939 - April 1940
  • Nazism

    An extreme form of facism shaped by Hitler's fanatical ideas about German nationalism and racial superiority
  • Spanish Civil War

    War between the fascists and socialists that led to Spain becoming a Fascist country.
  • Adolf Hitler

    Adolf Hitler
    Leader of Nazi Germany, Mein Kampf was a book written by Hitler when he was in jail, Hitler took over Austria, for Rhineland; Hitler put the military in this demilitarized zone.
    Hitler and Stalin did not sign the Nazi-Soviet Pact in which they agreed not to attack each other and they secretly divided up Poland.
    -Hitler's surprise attack on Poland was known as Blitzkrieg or lightning of war.
  • Names

    FDR: President of the U.S when WWII started
    Joseph Stalin: He was a dictator of the Soviet Union during WWII
    Benito Mussolini: He founded Italy's Fascist Party.
  • Gas

    Gas
    WWII Military Use: Transport Troops and supplies.
    Todays Impact: You couldn't go on road trips.
  • SHAEF

    SHAEF
    Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force
  • Allied Troops During The Battle

    8,607 allied troops were killed in action during the battle of the bulge.
  • German Troops During The Battle Of The Bulge

    German Troops During The Battle Of The Bulge
    11,171 German troops were killed in the battle of the bulge.
  • Joachim Peiper

    An American army officer.
  • Fortitude

    Fortitude
    Mental and emotional strength in facing difficulty, adversity, danger, or temptation courageously.
    The code word Fortitude was meant and planned to drive off German reserves.
  • Fortitude North And South

    Fortitude North And South
    NORTH was the invasion of Norway.
    SOUTH was an invasion of France
  • Neutrality Acts

    Neutrality Acts
    Series of acts to keep the U.S out of the war.
  • Winston Churchill

    Winston Churchill
    British prime minister
  • Italy

    Italy wanted to control the Mediterranean Sea
    Italy invaded Ethiopia
  • Munich Conference

    Consisted of Germany Italy Britain and France
    Their pact was signed in 1938 between Great Britain, Germany, and France that gave part of Czechoslovakia to Germany;
  • Cash-n-Carry Policy

    Purpose to aid Allies
  • Causes of WWII

    Nationalism, Imperialism, the Great Depression, and the Treaty of Versailles
  • D-Day

    Allied forces invaded northern France by means of beach landings in Normandy June 6, 1944
    Also known as Operation Overlord
  • German Thrust

    German Thrust
    The bridge off Losheimergraben was blown up.
    The ultimate goal of the thrust involved in the battle of the bulge was Antwerp so they could cut off the supplies.
  • Omaha Beach

    Omaha Beach
    Beach that company A of the 116 division landed on.
    1 and 29th American divisions to land on Omaha
  • The ENIGMA Code

    The ENIGMA code machine was acquired by capturing the German Sub U110.
  • Battle of the Bulge

    Hitler created the battle of the bulge, The ultimate goal of the Germans thrust involved in the battle was Bastogne and one of the main factors that stalled the German thrust in the battle of the bulge was bad roads.
  • Axis And Allied Powers

    Axis: Germany, Italy, Japan
    Allied: U.S, Great Britain, Soviet Union, and France
  • New Deal

    By the end of 1940 in an attempt to help Britain, the U.S began loaning supplies through this act.
  • Isms

    Isolationism: a policy of remaining apart from the affairs or interests of other groups, especially the political affairs of other countries.
    Expansionism: the policy of territorial or economic expansion.
    Imperialism: a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
    Nationalism: identification with one's own nation and support for its interests. At the start of WWII, the U.S adopted this policy
  • 1-5

    1: Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany
    2: Germany invades Poland
    3: pearl harbor was bombed
    4: Germany surrenders
    5: u.s dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima
  • Truman Doctrine

    A policy that America would provide economic and military aid to any nation fighting communism.
  • Capitalism & Communism

    Capitalism: Economic system based on private property, including private ownership of the means of production, and the profit motive.
    Communism: International peace-keeping organization after WWII
  • 38th Parallel

    System of gov't in which a single party controls a state-owned economy.
  • bank run

    the banking crisis is when many backs crisis is many banks suffer
  • Lend Lease

    The Lend-Lease Act was a United States program to provide the Allied powers with aid and military materiel in World War II.
  • Executive Order

    In the United States, an executive order is a directive issued by the President of the United States that manages operations of the federal government and has the force of law. The legal or constitutional basis for executive orders has multiple sources.
  • Manhattan Project

    The Manhattan Project was a research and development undertaking during World War II that produced the first nuclear weapons. It was led by the United States with the support of the United Kingdom and Canada.
  • WWII & WWI

    WWII: The Treaty of Versailles ended World War I between Germany and the Allied Powers. Because Germany had lost the war, the treaty was very harsh against Germany.
    WWI: the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand at Sarajevo on 28 June 1914. However historians feel that a number of factors contributed to the rivalry between the Great powers that allowed war on such a wide-scale to break out.
  • Agricultural Adjustment Act

    The Agricultural Adjustment Act was a United States federal law of the New Deal era designed to boost agricultural prices by reducing surpluses. The Government bought livestock for slaughter and paid farmers subsidies not to plant on part of their land.
  • Civilian Conservation Corps

    The Civilian Conservation Corps was a public work relief program that operated from 1933 to 1942 in the United States for unemployed, unmarried men. Originally for young men ages 18–25, it was eventually expanded to ages 17–28.
  • Social Security Act

    On August 14, 1935, the Social Security Act established a system of old-age benefits for workers, benefits for victims of industrial accidents, unemployment insurance, aid for dependent mothers and children, the blind, and the physically handicapped.
  • Blitzkrieg

    an intense military campaign intended to bring about a swift victory.
  • Mao Zedong

    Mao Zedong, also known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.
  • Khrushchev

    Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev was a Soviet statesman who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964, and as Chairman of the Council of Ministers, or Premier, from 1958 to 1964.
  • Alger hiss

    Alger Hiss was an American government official who was accused of being a Soviet spy in 1948 and convicted of perjury in connection with this charge in 1950. Before he was tried and convicted, he was involved in the establishment of the United Nations both as a U.S. State Department official and as a U.N. official.
  • Joseph Stalin

    Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin was a Georgian revolutionary and Soviet politician who led the Soviet Union from the mid–1920s until 1953 as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and Premier.
  • Rural areas

    Rural areas
    Rural areas are countryside areas or anywhere outside of the city.
    It didn't benefit the most from economic prosperity.