John Marshall and his men were working at Sutter's Mill when a gold nugget was found. John Sutter, the owner of the sawmill tried to keep the discovery a secret so his workers would not leave his property in search of gold. However, the secret got out.
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo makes California a territory of the United States.
San Francisco Newspaper Reports Gold
For the first time, a newspaper in San Francisco reports the discovery of gold in the Sierra. Many people remained skeptical of the report.
Gold News Spreads East
San Francisco's California Star newspaper prints a six-page spread distributed in the east describing the gold mines in California as "immensely rich".
Samual Brannon's Store Booms
In the first six weeks following the arrival of gold, Sammuel Brannan earns $36,000- the equivalent of $750,000 today- in profits from his general store, selling miners picks, pans, and shovels.
Gold Seekers Travel to California
45,000 gold seekers travel to California by land and 40,000 others travel to California by ship. Everyone wanted to strike it rich!
Foreign Miner's Tax Passed
The California legislature passes the Foreign Miner's Tax, which says that every miner not from the United States must pay a tax of $20 a month.
California Becomes a State
California becomes the thirty-first state.
Foreign Miner's Tax Repealed
The Foreign Miner's Tax is repelaed due to violent protests.