Gallipoli (2 Aug- 3 Nov)

  • Period: to

    Start of Gallipoli

  • War Declared

    British Empire and Dominions declared war on the German Empire and its allies.
  • German Cruiser Enters Dardanelles

    After evading British warships in the Mediterranean, the German battle cruiser Goeben and light crusier Breslau arrived off the entrance to the Dardanelles and requested Turkish permission to enter the straits. The Turks let the German warships through to Constantinople where they were nominally handed over to the Turkish navy.
  • Churchill Has Plan Drawn for Capture of Gallipoli- Fear of Turks Allying with Germany

    The First Lord of the British Admiralty, Winston Churchill, asked the Chief of the British Imperial General Staff to draw up a plan ‘for the seizure of the Gallipoli Peninsula by means of a Greek army of adequate strength, with a view to admitting a British fleet to the Sea of Marmara’. The Greeks produced a detailed plan for the capture of Gallipoli which would involve approximately 60,000 troops. Churchill felt that Turkey was unlikely to remain neutral between Britain and Germany and that the
  • Churchill Writes Note to Encourage People to Attack Gallipoli

    The price to be paid in taking Gallipoli would no doubt be heavy, but there would be no more war with Turkey. A good army of 50,000 men and sea power – that is the end of the Turkish menace.
  • Turks Will Not Close Dardanelles

    Turkey refused to close the Dardanelles to foreign ships despite strong German pressure to do so.
  • The British withdrew their naval mission from Turkey.

  • Turks Close Dardanelles

    A British naval force at the entrance to the Dardanelles ordered a Turkish torpedo-boat to turn back. The Turks then closed the straits, laid mines, switched off the lighthouses and put up warning signs along the cliffs.
  • Turks Bombard Russian Black Sea Ports

    A Turkish fleet bombarded the Russian Black Sea ports of Odessa, Sebastapol and Feodosia.
  • British Warships Attack Forts Closing Dardanelles

    British warships, on orders from London, opened fire on Turkish forts guarding the entrance to the Dardanelles at Sedd-el-Bahr (Gallipoli Peninsula) and Kum Kale (Asiatic coast of Turkey). The magazine in Sed-el-Bahr exploded, destroying all the heavy guns in the area.