1912 election

Foreign Policy From 1901-1921

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    Roosevelt and His Big Stick Policy

    Theodore Roosevelt believed America was superior economically, politically, and socially. President Roosevelt was an interventionist. He wanted to spread American values and ideals throughout the world to help make the U.S. a world power. His policy the Roosevelt Corollary or the Big Stick Policy was created so America could police the small debtor nations that had unstable governments. This involved military threats and force if needed. It was viewed as similar to the Monroe Doctrine.
  • Santo Domingo

    Santo Domingo
    The first use of the "big stick" was against Santo Domingo. Santo Domingo owed money to several European powers but Roosevelt did not want them to interfere so he threatened to send US troops. He was going to take over customs houses and reorganize finances to pay off European debt.
  • Panama Canal

    Panama Canal
    The United States supports a Panamanian revolt and sends naval support. Once Panama gained independence, the US signs a treaty with them for 40 million dollars to have the right to build the canal. It is finished in 1913.
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    William Taft and Dollar Diplomacy

    William Howard Taft wanted to shift focus to foreign investments. His foreign policy, Dollar Diplomacy, called for spirited commercial policy. It encouraged foreign investment for profit helping the U.S. become superior economically. He believed dollars for bullets, no need to show strong military support through threats.
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    Woodrow Wilson and Moral Diplomacy

    Woodrow Wilson’s foreign policy was Moral Diplomacy. This policy stated the United States would support the Latin American countries that has similar values or moral beliefs as the US (ie:democracy). He used it to advance democratic ideals. The policy sought to promote human rights and national self-determination by using military intervention to influence other nations' policies.
  • Mexican Revolution