It was near the belgian town of mons that the first world war began and ended 644222902 1

FIRST WORLD WAR

  • The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

    Assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to throne of Austria-Hungary, and his wife at Sarajevo, Bosnia.
  • War starts

    Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.
  • Germany declares war on Russia

    Germany declares war on Russia.
  • Germany declares war on France.

    Germany declares war on France.
  • President Wilson

    President Wilson tenders good offices of United States interests of peace.
  • Austria-Hungary at war with Russia.

    Austria-Hungary at war with Russia.
  • Montenegro at war with Austria.

    Montenegro at war with Austria.
  • Big Bertha used against Liege Forts

  • Austro-Hungarian troops invade Serbia

  • French troops enter Lorraine

  • British Expeditionary Force arrives in France

  • Battle of Mons begins

  • French Army abandons Plan 17

  • Battle of Tannenberg begins

  • Battle of Heligoland

  • War Propaganda Bureau Writers Conference

  • Battle of the Marne begins

  • French troops attack German Army at the River Aisne

  • Battle of Albert

  • Battle of Arras

  • First German aircraft shot down by Allied plane

  • Battle of Ypres

  • Canadian troops arrive in Britain

  • Turkey joins Central Powers

  • Anglo-Indian invasion of Mesopotamia

  • Farman MF-11 carries out first night bombing raid

  • Christmas Truce on the Western Front

  • South African forces occupy Swakopmund

  • Battle of Dogger Bank

    The British shells damaged the ships, Sydlitz and Blucher but the German's retaliated and damaged Beatty's flag ship, the Lion. Afterwards, both sides afterwards claimed the Battle of Dogger Bank as a victory.
  • BEF attacks at Neuve Chapelle

    The British Expeditionary Force gained 2 square kilometres of land at a cost of 13,000 casualties.
  • Allied naval attack on the Dardanelles

    The Dardanelles is a 61km (28 mile) strait between Europe and Asiatic Turkey.The assault started with a long range bombardment followed by heavy fire at closer range. As a result of the bombardment the outer forts were abandoned by the Turks.
  • Roland Garros uses deflector plates

    Roland Garros uses deflector plates
    Garros approached an German Albatros B II reconnaissance aircraft.
  • German gas attack at Ypres

    The German Army first used chlorine gas cylinders in April 1915 against the French Army at Ypres.
  • Allied landings at Gallipoli

    Vice-Admiral Sir John de Robeck now informed Winston Churchill that he could not capture the Gallipoli peninsula without the help of the army. General Ian Hamilton, commander of the troops on the Greek island of Lemnos, who had watched the failed navy operation, agreed and plans were now made for full-scale landings at Gallipoli.
  • Sinking of the Lusitania

    Sinking of the Lusitania
    Captain Schwieger, the commander of the German U-Boat fired two torpedos to the Lusitania.After a second, larger explosion, the Lusitania rolled over and sank in eighteen minutes. A total of 1,198 people died (785 passengers and 413 crew). Those killed included 128 US citizens.
  • Artois Offensive

    After a five-day preliminary bombardment of German positions, Henri-Philippe Petain and 9th Army launched an attack on 9th May, 1915.
  • Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary

    Representatives of the Italian government agreed to enter the war in return for financial help and the granting of land currently under the control of Austria-Hungary.
  • Germany abandons Ypres offensive

    The Allied line held, but the German Fourth Army was able to use its new higher positions to bombard the town with heavy artillery. This inflicted heavy losses and Ypres was virtually demolished by the German shells during this period.
  • Herbert Asquith

    Herbert Asquith was born in Morley, West Yorkshire in 1852. This day he forms coalition government.
  • First Zeppelin raid on London

    The Zeppelin had five machine-guns and could carry 2,000 kg (4,400 lbs) of bombs.
  • Isonzo Offensive begins

    n the first two weeks of the Isonzo Offensive, the Italian Army lost 60,000 men.
  • Suvla Bay Offensive at Gallipoli

  • Grand Duke Nikolai sacked as Commander-in-Chief

    Grand Duke Nikolai sacked as Commander-in-Chief
    Nikolai achieved little success and was removed from office when Tsar Nicholas II took control of the Russian Army in September 1915. Nikolai was sent to Tiblisi where he worked with General Nikolai Yudenich.
  • First tank demonstrated to British military leaders

    The first prototype landship, nicknamed Little Willie, was demonstrated to Ernest Swinton and the Landship Committee on 11th September, 1915.
  • Anglo-French Offensive at Artois-Loos

    In May, 1915, Henri-Philippe Petain and 9th French Army launched an attack at Artois. Petain initially made good progress but was unable to take the main objective, Vimy Ridge. On 25th September Anglo-French forces launched another offensive at Artois and at nearby Loos.
  • Allied troops land at Salonika

    The first Anglo-French troops arrived at Salonika on 5th October, 1915. With Bulgarian and German troops on the frontier, the French commander, General Maurice Sarrail and General George Milne, the leader of the British troops, turned Salonika and its surrounds into an entrenched zone.
  • Edith Cavell executed

    Edith Cavell executed
    On 5th August 1915, she was arrested by the Germans and charged with having helped about 200 allied soldiers to escape to neutral Holland.
    Cavell was kept in solitary confinement for nine weeks, during which time she was tricked by the Germans into making a confession. Edith Cavell was tried by court-martial, and along with her Belgian accomplice, Philippe Baucq, was found guilty and sentenced to death. Cavell's execution by firing-squad on 12th October, 1915, received world-wide press coverage.
  • Sir Douglas Haig, new BEF commander

    Sir Douglas Haig, new BEF commander
    In December 1915, Haig was appointed commander in chief of the BEF. Haig now become under extreme pressure from the French to produce a diversion from Verdun. The first Battle of the Somme was fought from July to November 1916.
  • Britain introduces conscription

  • German Verdun Offensive

  • Germany declares war on Portugal

  • Battle of Jutland

  • Russian Brusilov Offensive

  • Lord Kitchener killed at sea

  • Start of Anglo-French Somme Offensive

  • Italian Gorizia Offensive

  • Hindenburg becomes German Chief of Staff

  • First use of British tanks at Flers-Courcelette

  • French recapture Douaumont Fort at Verdun

  • Somme Offensive ends

  • Beatty replaces Jellicoe as C-in-C of Grand Fleet

  • Lloyd George becomes British Prime Minister

  • Nivelle becomes French Western Front C-in-C

  • Zimmermann Telegram intercepted by Britain

    n January 1917, the German Foreign Secretary, Arthur Zimmermann, sent a coded telegram to the German minister in Mexico City. This instructed the minister to propose an alliance with Mexico if war broke out between Germany and the United States. In return, the telegram proposed that Germany and Japan would help Mexico regain the territories that it lost to the United States in 1848 (Texas, New Mexico and Arizona). The telegram was intercepted by the British government and shown to President Wood
  • Battles

    Battle of Gaza begins. United States declares war on Germany. Start of Nivelle Offensive and also of Arras offensive.
  • Canadian Army captures Vimy Ridge

    On the evening of 8th April, 1917, 30,000 members of the Canadian Corps began to move to the front line. At 5.30 the next morning, 2,800 allied guns began pounding the German trenches and soon afterwards the Canadian infantry went over the top into No-Mans-Land. They were still making good progress and by 12th April they were firmly in control of Vimy Ridge.
  • 2nd Battle of the Aisne begins

  • French tanks used for the first time in battle

    The first Char Schneider tanks were delivered to the French Army in September 1916. Built for a six man crew, the tank was fitted with one 75-mm gun and a Hotchkiss Machine Gun.
    The Char Schneider was used for the first time on 16th April 1917 during the 2nd Battle of the Aisne.
  • Petain becomes French Western Front C-in-C

    Petain becomes French Western Front C-in-C
    After the disastrous Nivelle Offensive in the spring of 1917, the French Army suffered widespread mutinies on the Western Front. Petain replaced Robert Nivelle as Commander-in-Chief. This was a popular choice as Petain, unlike Nivelle, had a reputation for having a deep concern for the lives of his soldiers.
  • Maria Bochkareva forms the Women's Battalion

    Maria Bochkareva forms the Women's Battalion
    In May 1917, Maria persuaded Alexander Kerensky, the country's new leader, to allow her to form a Women's Battalion. Initially Maria had 2,000 women under her command, but after fighting for three months on the front-line, numbers had fallen to 250.
  • John Pershing given command of AEF

    John Pershing given command of AEF
    In 1917 Pershing was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the American Expeditionary Force in Europe. His belief that his fit, fresh troops could break the deadlock on the Western Front had to be revised in the first-half of 1918.
  • British attack at Messines

  • United States troops arrive in France

  • Greece declares war on the Central Powers

  • King George V changes name to Windsor

    King George V changes name to Windsor
    In 1917 George V took the controversial decision to deny political asylum to the Tsar Nicholas II and his family after the Bolshevik Revolution.
  • British Offensive at Passchendaele

  • Sir Frederick Maude dies in Mesopotamia

    Sir Frederick Maude dies in Mesopotamia
    Frederick Maude was born in Gibralter in 1864. While leading the attack on Ramadi Frederick Maude went down with cholera and although he was quickly taken back to Baghdad he died on 18th November 1917. Rumours circulated that he had been poisoned but the evidence suggests that he probably contracted the disease from contaminated milk.
  • Massed tank attack at Cambrai

    After the failure to break through at Ypres, Haig changed his mind and ordered a massed tank attack at Artois. Launched at dawn on 20th November, without preliminary bombardment, the attack completely surprised the German Army defending that part of the Western Front. Employing 476 tanks, six infantry and two cavalry divisions, the British Third Army gained over 6km in the first day. Progress towards Cambrai continued over the next few days but on the 30th November, 29 German divisions launched
  • Bolshevik government disbands Women's Battalion

    On 25th October, Bochkareva and the few remaining members of the Women's Battalion attempted to defend the Winter Palace against Bolshevik forces.On 21 November, 1917, the Bolshevik Military Revolutionary Committee officially dissolved the Women's Battalion. Its leader, Maria Bochkareva, managed to escape and eventually emigrated to the United States.
  • Wilson announces 14 Points Peace Programme

  • Start of German Spring Offensive

  • Foch appointed Allied Co-ordinator in France

  • 3rd Battle of the Aisne begins

  • Battle of Le Hamel

  • 2nd Battle of the Marne

  • German retreat at the Marne

  • Amiens Offensive

  • Allied breakthrough at Albert

  • United States St Mihiel Offensive

  • Meuse-Argonne Offensive begins

  • Canal du Nord Offensive

  • Max von Baden appointed Chancellor of Germany

  • Allied forces capture the Hindenburg Line

  • Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany abdicates

  • Italian Vittorio Veneto Offensive

  • Armistice

  • Lloyd George wins British General Election

  • Paris Peace Conference

  • Treaty of Versailles signed