Period: Aug 24, 1192 to Aug 24, 1333
Kamakura PeriodDuring the reign of the Kamakura Shogunate, an invasion by the Mongols took place in which the Japanese were eventually able to repel the invaders. The problems the Mongol invasion caused finally led to the end of the line for the Kamakura Shogunate, which lost its reign in 1333.
Period: Aug 24, 1333 to Aug 24, 1542
Japanese Middle AgesLasted through the next ruling family in the Muromachi Period. During the later years of this period, around 1542, a Portuguese ship ran aground on Japan's shores. This ship was carrying firearms, and firearm technology was introduced to Japan. This also led the way to other traders from Portugal and other European countries coming to Japan, and Christianity was also brought into the area at that time.
Period: Aug 24, 1336 to Aug 24, 1573
Muromachi periodIt was established by Ashikaga Takauji who seized political power from Emperor Go-Daigo. A majority of the warrior class supported the Ashikaga clan in the succession war. After taking Kyoto from Emperor Go-Daigo, the Ashikaga clan made Kyoto, the capital of the Ashikaga Shogunate
Period: Aug 24, 1568 to
Azuchi-Momoyama PeriodDuring this short time, there was a reunification of the military and ruling parties of Japan. The unity was gained by a common goal to attack and defeat China. Alas, the united effort failed. By 1598, the Japanese were repelled back to the islands from China. With the defeat, the unity dissolved.
Edo PeriodThis was a very important part of the Japanese time line, as this is when much of the artistic developments of the country occurred. It is also the period when the samurai really came to the forefront of culture and politics, being placed in status high above other "commoners". The Edo Period was the last period marked by a ruling shogunate in the feudal age of Japan. In roughly 1870, the people rallied around the Emperor.