FCS History Timeline

By aleach3
  • Benjamin Thompson

    Benjamin Thompson
    In the late 1800s Count Rumford was the first to consider nutrition as a part of science. During his time as a physicist and inventor, he invented the first range with temperature controls. He also was honored with the Rumford Kitchen in Chicago being named after him.
  • Catherine Beecher

    Catherine Beecher
    Beecher started her career in home economics with the notion that this was a scientific field where women could flourish and need not compete with men. She was passionate about domestics chemistry, the home, and the economic side of the family and home life. A huge accomplishment for FACS was the publication of "A Treatise on Domestic Economy", the first FACS textbook, written in 1841. Beecher went on to write 33 more textbooks for FACS.
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    Ellen S. Richards

    Ellen S. Richards was a well-rounded scientist with a passion for home economics. She was a driving force in this new field of study & paved the way for improvement and development. She had a wealth of achievements in this area. She helped get policy & legislation passed, she got the ball rolling on product standards & testing, and she laid the ground work for the Extension Service. She participated in the World's Fair & prepared nutritious foods. Richards focused on FACS & water pollution.
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    W.O. Atwater

    Atwater got his PhD in chemistry at Yale University. His most important contribution to FACS was his invention of the Bomb Calorimeter. He also worked along side Ellen S. Richards to write nutrition bulletins when she needed. Atwater is considered the "Father of Nutrtion"
  • Justin Smith Morrill/Morrill Act of 1862

    Justin Smith Morrill/Morrill Act of 1862
    Justin Morrill was Representative and a Senator from Vermont who was known for his contributions to agricultural colleges by helping to secure grants. The Act of 1862 set aside land for the purpose of building colleges for agricultural and mechanical fields.
  • Land Grant University

    Land Grant University
    After the Morrill Act of 1862 was passed, universities were able to receive money and other benefits from this act. These universities focused on science, agriculture, and engineering. Other names for these universities were land-grant college or land-grant institution. Iowa State University was received the first land-grant.
  • Land Grant Universities in Arkansas

    Land Grant Universities in Arkansas
    The first land-grant institution was The University of Arkansas, founded in 1871, formerly known as the Arkansas Industrial University.
  • University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff

    University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff
    This is another land-grant university in Arkansas. It was founded in 1873 but did not open until 1875 as a branch of the former Arkansas Industrial University. It was first named Branch Normal College and eventually adopted the name of University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff
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    Lulu C. Graves

    Graves was born in Nebraska and later trained as a teacher before earning a degree in home economics. She became a professor at Iowa University and later Cornell University where she started a program for dietitians. In 1917, Lenna Frances Cooper and herself founded the ADA during WWI and she was the first ever president of the ADA.
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    Clara Belle Drisdale Williams

    1st African American to graduate at New Mexico University. She taught students during the day and then at night taught their parents home economics.
  • Lake Placid Conference

    Lake Placid Conference
    This conference took place in New York where eleven women passionate about improving education came together to discuss the future of subjects like the home and people and their environment. After much discussion, the name "Home Economics" was given to this field of study.
  • Martha Rensselaer

    Martha Rensselaer
    She started her career as a professor at Cornell University. While there she was introduced to agricultural programs where she saw a need for women's education. She started a Cooperative Extension Program in 1900 that helped to teach rural women about home economics. She also attended the Lake Placid conference and she was the president of the AAFS.
  • Smith-Lever Act of 1914

    Smith-Lever Act of 1914
    This act established a national Cooperative Extension Service and partnered with land-grant universities to help educate rural citizens about agricultural practices. This act also included FACS.
  • Smith-Hughes Act of 1917

    Smith-Hughes Act of 1917
    This act, formerly known as the National Vocational Education Act, gave federal aid to states to promote vocational education. It also established the study of FACS as a part of vocational education.
  • American Dietetics Association

    American Dietetics Association
    This was first founded in 1917 by 58 like-minded people who recognized the need for education on the science of nutrition and food in general. The first president of the ADA was Lulu C. Graves. Later on, the ADA changed its name to what it is now known as, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (AND)
  • Vocational Education Act of 1963

    Vocational Education Act of 1963
    This act provided grants to help maintain and further develop vocational programs within the states. These funds also went towards building schools for vocation education and for vocational training and work-study programs
  • Vocational Amendment of 1968

    Vocational Amendment of 1968
    This amendment extended the 1963 Vocational Education Act and emphasized people rather than occupations. It also required that each state must have a plan including policies and procedures and an annual 5-year plan for their program.
  • Vocational Amendment of 1973- The Rehabilitation Act

    Vocational Amendment of 1973- The Rehabilitation Act
    This amendment prohibited any type of discrimination in the vocational programs that were receiving any federal assistance. No one could be turned down for these programs on the basis of them having a disability of any sort.
  • Vocational Amendment of 1976

    Vocational Amendment of 1976
    This was an amendment to the Vocational Equity Act of 1963. This act required that any states who were receiving federal assistance for the vocational programs had to develop activities and programs that would include everyone and would eliminate stereotyping, gender bias, and any other discrimination within the programs.
  • Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006

    Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006
    This act was intended as a supplement to career and technical educational programs. The goal is to provide people with more opportunities through federal support to those in need.