Jarett Klein- 1940s-1970s

Timeline created by Jklein
In History
  • CORE Founded

    CORE Founded
    CORE- Congress of Racial Equality. An African-American civil rights organization in the United States that played a pivotal role for African Americans in the Civil Rights Movement.
  • Jackie Robinson Joins the Dodgers

    Jackie Robinson Joins the Dodgers
    An American professional baseball player who became the first African American to play in Major League Baseball in the modern era.
  • SEATO Formed

    SEATO Formed
    Southeast Asia Treaty Organization; International organization for collective defense in Southeast Asia created by the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty, or Manila Pact, signed in September 1954 in Manila, Philippines.
  • Southern Manifesto

    Southern Manifesto
    Document written in February and March 1956, in the United States Congress, in opposition to racial integration of public places.
  • Little Rock Nine

    Little Rock Nine
    A group of nine African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957. Their enrollment was followed by the Little Rock Crisis, in which the students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school by Orval Faubus, the Governor of Arkansas.
  • Bay of Pigs Invasion

    Bay of Pigs Invasion
    On January 1, 1959, a young Cuban nationalist named Fidel Castro drove his guerilla army into Havana and overthrew General Fulgencio Batist, the nation’s American-backed president
  • Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee Formed

    Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee Formed
    The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee was one of the major American Civil Rights Movement organizations of the 1960s. It emerged from the first wave of student sit-ins and formed at a May 1960 meeting organized by Ella Baker at Shaw University.
  • Students for a Democratic Society Established

    Students for a Democratic Society Established
    Students for a Democratic Society was a national student activist organization in the United States that was one of the main representations of the New Left.
  • Sit-in Movement

    Sit-in Movement
    The sit-in movement, or student sit-in movement, was a wave of sit-ins that followed the Greensboro sit-ins on February 1, 1960 in North Carolina. The sit-in movement employed the tactic of nonviolent direct action.
  • JFK Becomes President

    JFK Becomes President
    John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy, often referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th president of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
  • Peace Corps Formed

    Peace Corps Formed
    The Peace Corps is a volunteer program run by the United States government. Its official mission is to provide social and economic development abroad through technical assistance, while promoting mutual understanding between Americans and populations served.
  • Freedom Riders

    Freedom Riders
    Freedom Riders were civil rights activists who rode interstate buses into the segregated southern United States in 1961 and subsequent years to challenge the non-enforcement of the United States Supreme Court decisions.
  • Berlin Wall

    Berlin Wall
    The Berlin Wall was a guarded concrete barrier that physically and ideologically divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989.
  • Ole Miss Campus Riot

    Ole Miss Campus Riot
    The Ole Miss riot of 1962, or Battle of Oxford, was fought between Southern segregationists and federal and state forces beginning the night of September 30, 1962.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    The Cuban Missile Crisis, also known as the October Crisis of 1962, the Caribbean Crisis, or the Missile Scare, was a 13-day confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union initiated by the American discovery of Soviet ballistic missile deployment in Cuba.
  • "Letter From Birmingham Jail" by MLK Jr.

    "Letter From Birmingham Jail" by MLK Jr.
    The Letter from Birmingham Jail, also known as the Letter from Birmingham City Jail and The Negro Is Your Brother, is an open letter written on April 16, 1963, by Martin Luther King Jr. The letter defends the strategy of nonviolent resistance to racism.
  • Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

    Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
    The Partial Test Ban Treaty is the abbreviated name of the 1963 Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and Under Water, which prohibited all test detonations of nuclear weapons except for those conducted underground.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    This when famous civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his "I have a dream" speech. The March on Washington for jobs and freedom, the March on Washington, or The Great March on Washington, was held in Washington, D.C. on Wednesday, August 28, 1963. The purpose of the march was to advocate for the civil and economic rights of African Americans.
  • 16th Street Baptist Church Bombing

    16th Street Baptist Church Bombing
    The 16th Street Baptist Church Bombing was an act of white supremacist terrorism which occurred at the african american 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama, on Sunday, September 15, 1963, when four members of the Ku Klux Klan planted at least 15 sticks of dynamite attached to a timing device beneath the steps located on the east side of the church.
  • JFK Assasinated

    JFK Assasinated
    John F. Kennedy the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated on November 22, 1963, at 12:30 p.m. Central Standard Time in Dallas, Texas, while riding in a presidential motorcade through Dealey Plaza. Kennedy was riding when he was fatally shot by former U.S. Marine Lee Harvey Oswald firing in ambush from a nearby building.
  • Civil Rights Act

    Civil Rights Act
    The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a landmark civil rights and labor law in the United States that outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. It prohibits unequal application of voter registration requirements, and racial segregation in schools, employment, and public accommodations.
  • Economic Opportunity Act

    Economic Opportunity Act
    The Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 authorized the formation of local Community Action Agencies as part of the War on Poverty. These agencies are directly regulated by the federal government.
  • The BeatleMania

    The BeatleMania
    Beatlemania was the intense fan frenzy directed towards the English rock band the Beatles during 1964.
  • Project Freedom Summer

    Project Freedom Summer
    Freedom Summer, or the Mississippi Summer Project, was a volunteer campaign in the United States launched in June 1964 to attempt to register as many African-American voters as possible in Mississippi.
  • 24th Amendment

    24th Amendment
    The 24th Amendment of the United States Constitution allows the right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax.
  • The Water Quality Act

    The Water Quality Act
    Water Quality Act of 1965 required states to issue water quality standards for interstate waters, and authorized the newly created Federal Water Pollution Control Administration to set standards where states failed to do so.
  • Immigration and Nationality Act

    Immigration and Nationality Act
    The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965, is a federal law passed by the 89th United States Congress and signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson. The law abolished the National Origins Formula, which had been the basis of U.S. immigration policy since the 1920s.
  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    Elementary and Secondary Education Act
    The Elementary and Secondary Education Act was passed by the 89th United States Congress and signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson on April 11, 1965. Part of Johnson's "War on Poverty," the act has been the most far-reaching federal legislation affecting education ever passed by the United States Congress.
  • More Military Draftees than Volunteers

    More Military Draftees than Volunteers
    During the Vietnam War, the amount of US soldiers draftees was higher than the amount of volunteers.
  • Malcolm X Assassinated

    Malcolm X Assassinated
    Malcolm X was an American Muslim minister and human rights activist who was a popular figure during the civil rights movement.
  • Rolling Thunder Operation

    Rolling Thunder Operation
    Operation Rolling Thunder was the title of a gradual and sustained aerial bombardment campaign conducted by the United States 2nd Air Division, U.S. Navy, and Republic of Vietnam Air Force against the Democratic Republic of Vietnam from 2 March 1965 until 2 November 1968, during the Vietnam War.
  • Bloody Sunday

    Bloody Sunday
    Bloody Sunday. On March 7, 1965 around 600 people crossed the Edmund Pettus Bridge in an attempt to begin the Selma to Montgomery march. State troopers violently attacked the peaceful demonstrators in an attempt to stop the march for voting rights.
  • U.S. Troops Arrive in Vietnam

    U.S. Troops Arrive in Vietnam
    The first U.S. combat troops arrive in Vietnam as 3500 Marines land at China Beach to defend the American air base at Da Nang. They join 23,000 American military advisors already in Vietnam.
  • Teach-ins

    A teach-in is similar to a general educational forum on any complicated issue, usually an issue involving current political affairs. The main difference between a teach-in and a seminar is the refusal to limit the discussion to a specific frame of time or a strict academic scope.
  • Medicaid Begins

    Medicaid Begins
    Medicaid is a health care program that assists low-income families or individuals in paying for doctor visits, hospital stays, long-term medical, custodial care costs and more.
  • Voting Rights Act

    Voting Rights Act
    The Voting Rights Act of 1965, signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson, aimed to overcome legal barriers at the state and local levels that prevented African Americans from exercising their right to vote as guaranteed under the 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
  • National Endowment for Humanities

    National Endowment for Humanities
    The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) is an independent federal agency of the U.S. government, established by the National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities Act, dedicated to supporting research, education, preservation, and public programs in the humanities.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Montgomery Bus Boycott
    The Montgomery bus boycott was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama.
  • Medicare Formed

    Medicare Formed
    Medicare is a national health insurance program in the United States, begun in 1966 under the Social Security Administration and now administered by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.
  • National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act

    National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act
    The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act was enacted in the United States in 1966 to empower the federal government to set and administer new safety standards for motor vehicles and road traffic safety. The act was the first law to establish mandatory federal safety standards for motor vehicles.
  • Clean Waters Restoration Act

    Clean Waters Restoration Act
    The Clean Waters Restoration Act is to be regulated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency. ... To make that possible, the Clean Waters Restoration Act provided federal funds for the construction of sewage treatment plants.
  • Hippie Era

    Hippie Era
    A hippie is a member of the counterculture of the 1960s, originally a youth movement that began in the United States during the mid-1960s and spread to other countries around the world.
    Hippie- a person of unconventional appearance, typically having long hair, associated with a subculture involving a rejection of conventional values and the taking of hallucinogenic drugs.
  • Black Power and Black Panthers Formed

    Black Power and Black Panthers Formed
    The Black Power was a movement in support of rights and political power for black people, especially prominent in the US in the 1960s and 1970s.
  • The Clean Air Quality Act

    The Clean Air Quality Act
    The Clean Air Act is a United States federal law designed to control air pollution on a national level. It is one of the United States' first and most influential modern environmental laws, and one of the most comprehensive air quality laws in the world.
  • My Lai Massacre

    My Lai Massacre
    The My Lai massacre was one of the most horrific incidents of violence committed against unarmed civilians during the Vietnam War. A company of American soldiers brutally killed most of the people—women, children and old men—in the village of My Lai on March 16, 1968.
  • MLK Jr. Assassinated

    MLK Jr. Assassinated
    Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee, on April 4, 1968, an event that sent shock waves reverberating around the world.
  • RFK Assassination

    RFK Assassination
    On June 5, 1968, presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy was mortally wounded shortly after midnight at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles. Earlier that evening, the 42-year-old junior senator from New York was declared the winner in the South Dakota and California presidential primaries in the 1968 election.
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive
    The Tet Offensive was a series of surprise attacks by the Vietcong (rebel forces sponsored by North Vietnam) and North Vietnamese forces, on scores of cities, towns, and hamlets throughout South Vietnam.
  • Nixon Elected

    Nixon Elected
    The 1968 United States presidential election was the 46th quadrennial presidential election. It was held on Tuesday, November 5, 1968. The Republican nominee, former Vice President Richard Nixon, defeated the Democratic nominee, incumbent Vice President Hubert Humphrey.
  • War Crosses into Cambodia

    War Crosses into Cambodia
    April 28 in 1970, President Richard Nixon authorized U.S. combat troops to cross the border from South Vietnam into Cambodia. On April 30, in a 2,700-word televised address to the nation, Nixon sought to justify his decision as a required response to North Vietnamese aggression.
  • Tinker vs. Des Moines

    Tinker vs. Des Moines
    Tinker v. Des Moines is a historic Supreme Court ruling from 1969 that cemented students' rights to free speech in public schools. Mary Beth Tinker was a 13-year-old junior high school student in December 1965 when she and a group of students decided to wear black armbands to school to protest the war in Vietnam.
  • Kent State Shooting

    Kent State Shooting
    The Kent State shootings, also known as the May 4 massacre or the Kent State massacre, were the shootings on May 4, 1970, of unarmed college students by members of the Ohio National Guard at Kent State University in Kent, Ohio, during a mass protest against the bombing of Cambodia by United States military forces.
  • Environmental Protection Agency

    Environmental Protection Agency
    The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection. President Richard Nixon proposed the establishment of EPA on July 9, 1970 and it began operation on December 2, 1970, after Nixon signed an executive order.
  • 26th Amendment to the Constitution

    26th Amendment to the Constitution
    The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.
  • Pentagon Papers

    Pentagon Papers
    The Pentagon Papers, officially titled Report of the Office of the Secretary of Defense Vietnam Task Force, is a United States Department of Defense history of the United States' political and military involvement in Vietnam.
  • Brown vs. Roe V. Wade

    Brown vs. Roe V. Wade
    Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113, was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in which the Court ruled that the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution provides a fundamental "right to privacy" that protects a pregnant woman's liberty to choose whether or not to have an abortion.
  • Paris Peace Agreement

    Paris Peace Agreement
    The Paris Peace Accords, officially titled the Agreement on Ending the War and Restoring Peace in Vietnam, was a peace treaty signed on January 27, 1973, to establish peace in Vietnam and end the Vietnam War.
  • War Powers Act

    War Powers Act
    The War Powers Resolution is a federal law intended to check the president's power to commit the United States to an armed conflict without the consent of the U.S. Congress. The Resolution was adopted in the form of a United States Congress joint resolution.
  • Vietnam Turns to Communism

    Vietnam Turns to Communism
    Communism in Vietnam has played a key role in the politics of Vietnam since independence.
  • Vietnam Veterans Memorial

    Vietnam Veterans Memorial
    The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is a 2-acre U.S. national memorial in Washington D.C. It honors service members of the U.S. armed forces who fought in the Vietnam War, service members who died in service in Vietnam/South East Asia, and those service members who were unaccounted for during the war.