Socrates is an Athenian philosopher who believed that everyone can only achieve happiness when a person is contented with what he has. Socrates believed that we usually forget to appreciate even the smallest things in life because of being blinded with the things that we do not have. Thus, an uncontended person tries to do evil deeds to get the things that he does not have. Just like what Socrates said, “No one commits an evil act knowingly and doing wrong arises out of ignorance.”
PLATOPlato was born on 428 BC and died on 348 BC at Athens, Greece. He was an ancient philosopher.
Plato uses a virtue-based eudaemonistic conception of ethics. He believes that the highest aim of moral thought and conduct is happiness or so called eudaimonia and virtues help in attaining the said aim.
Plato believes that treating everyone good gives us satisfaction that only can be felt by doing so. Hence, it gives happiness not only to ourselves but also to others.
ARISTOTLEAristotle is a Greek philosopher who was known as "The Philosopher". He believed that men are the noblest animals. However, if laws and regulations were not present, we humans actually are the worst because of abusing the power of freedom. Aristotle encourages everyone to live life moderately. In relation to the line "too much love will kill you", too much is actually bad so as too less. Aristotle believed that through moderation we can experience a happy life.
THOMAS HOBBESThomas Hobbes was an English philosopher who believed that humans are selfish and will do anything to be better than anyone. Thus, Hobbes' moral positivism anticipates this type of outcome especially if rules and laws were not followed. With Hobbes' moral positivism, humans, or even business entities are forced to follow such rules or laws in order to have a peaceful and organized community. With this, people limit their actions in order for them to abide the law.