Era 13-!970's & 1980's

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    Nixon's Presidency

    Won the election by apealing to the "silent majority" those who were not protesting, not counter-culture, etc. He was well liked during most of his presidency because he made better connections with the US and other communist countries. He was the first westerner in China. And taking troups out of Vietnam, But he was almost impeached for his problems in the water gate scandal. He resigned in 1974
  • Kent State Shooting

    Members of the Ohio National Guard fired into a crowd of Kent State University demonstrators, killing four and wounding nine Kent State students. The impact of the shootings was dramatic. The event triggered a nationwide student strike that forced hundreds of colleges and universities to close. When a similar thing happened to a HBCU, it had little effect.
  • Watergate

    Watergate scandal is how Nixon told some of his top white house officials to go and plant bugs to get dirt on his democratic competerors. When he was confronted by it he denied it and deleted all of the bad infornation.
  • ERA

    Equal Rights Ammendment --- Equal pay/working rights for women. Protests occured throughout the US. Lost in election by very small margin
  • Roe vs Wade passes, abortion is legalized.

    Roe v. Wade.Roe established that "the right of personal privacy" this includes abortion. Before this case, many women got illegal abortions from coathangers and such. Often resulting in death of these women.
  • Passing of the War-Powers Act

    This law is an attempt to ensure that the President can not engage in war without the explicit approval of Congress. It was a result of the "Secret" bombings in Cambodia authorized by Nixon, and the Act's main purpose is to limit the power of the President to enage in war. Regurarly ignored by president's in both parties, this act has been in a debate on its constitutionality since it was passed.
  • US withdraw from vietnam

    Nixon created "vietnaminization" Basically we give all military control back to S vietnam. It is the opposite of LBJ's Americaniztion (putting american troops in Vietnam) It succeeded because American troops came home, but it failed because S vietnam fell to communist N vietnam.
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    Gerald Ford

    Was Nxon's second VP. His first vice president: Spiro Agnew was forced to resign in disgrace because he was taking funneling money from Maryland (he was governor there before becoming VP). Ford was OK at that job.. wasn't hated, wasn't loved. But when he pardoned Nixon from all charges against him He became hated by the American public. He only served 1 term
  • Love Canal

    Love Canal, New York was the location of a chemical dumpsite for Hooker Chemical for twenty years, later sold to Niagra Falls School Board on April 28, 1953. Elementary schools (93 and 99) were built on top of the old landfill, which had been covered up years prior. Heavy rain turned the old landfill into a water basin, which leaked and spread throughout the communities, laced with oils and chemicals from the landfill.
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    Jimmy Carter's Presidency

    Was popular because of his "average peanut famer" campaign. Carter had success promoting Middle East peace. But soaring oil prices, high inflation, and the Iran hostage crisis made him look weak and ineffectual.Only had one term
  • OPEC oil embargo

    Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
    Gas becomes pricey a'f
  • Stonewall Riots

    The Stonewall riots were a series of spontaneous, violent demonstrations by members of the gay community against a police raid that took place in the early morning hours of June 28, 1969, at the Stonewall Inn, in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of New York City. They are widely considered to constitute the single most important event leading to the gay liberation movement and the modern fight for gay and lesbian rights in the United States
  • Camp David Accords

    The Camp David Accords were agreements between Israel and Egypt signed on September 17, 1978, that in the following year, led to a peace treaty between those two countries. It was the first peace treaty between Israel and any of its Arab neighbors. Led by U.S. President Jimmy Carter, discussions between Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and Egyptian President Anwar el-Sadat formed what would later be called the "Framework for Peace in the Middle East.
  • Three Mile Island

    A core meltdown in reactor 2 occurred in this nuclear power plant, located near Harrissburg Pennsylvania. A combination of mechanical and human error resulted in the release of radioactive gases. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission attempted to aid in the issues, ultimately granting permission for 40,000 gallons of nuclear waste to be dumped into the Susquehanna River. This event marked on of the most significant accidents in U.S. nuclear history, and helped spark the still present backlash.
  • Carter Malaise Speech

    "america is sick, we need to fix it"
    lowered an already low US morale
  • Energy Crisis

    Thanks to the Oil Embargo. Energy was sooooo expensive.
    BUildings were built without windows to Keep AC in (Centennial)
  • Iran Hostage Crisis

    Sixty-Six Americans are taken hostage in the U.S. Embassy by a group of Iranian militants in support of the on-going revolution. 13 hostages are eventually released on November 19-20 (1979) while one is released in 1980 and the rest in 1981. This event displays the turn of U.S. influence in Iran, which has been preminent during the former government's reign. It also provided an tremendous challenge for Jimmy Carter, probably costing him the 1980 election.
  • US protest of Moscow Olympics

    US boycotts 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow to protest against 1979 invasion of Afgahnastan.
  • Release of US hostages in Iran

    US citizens were held hostage for 444 days from Nov. 4 1979 - Jan. 20 1981 after the US embassy was taken over by Islamic students and militants. Brought Reagan automatic success.
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    Reagan's presidency

    Reagan is credited with reviving national pride after the turmoil of the 1960s and 1970s. He enjoyed great popularity, though his conservative policies were controversial. Boosted the economy.
  • Reagan meets with Gorbachev

    The first meeting in six years between the leaders of the Soviet Union and the United States occurs when Mikhail Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan engage in a five hour summit conference in Geneva, Switzerland
  • Berlin wall is torn down

    Reagan tells gorbachev to tear down that wall over the phone
  • End of Cold War

    announced by HW Bush after Malta Conference