Main events related to the electricity

Timeline created by ESENTIAsvilla
  • Belgian engineer Charles Bourseul proposed telephony.

    Belgian engineer Charles Bourseul proposed telephony.
    Charles Bourseul (28 April 1829 – 23 November 1912) was a pioneer in development of the "make and break" telephone about 20 years before Bell made a practical telephone.
  • German scientist Johann Philipp Reis invented Microphone

    German scientist Johann Philipp Reis invented Microphone
    microphone, colloquially named mic or mike is a device – a transducer – that converts sound into an electrical signal.
  • American inventor Thomas Alva Edison invented phonograph

    American inventor Thomas Alva Edison invented phonograph
    The phonograph is a device for the mechanical recording and reproduction of sound. In its later forms, it is also called a gramophone (as a trademark since 1887, as a generic name in the UK since 1910) or, since the 1940s, a record player.
  • William Crookes invents Crooks tube a prototype of Vacuum tubes.

    William Crookes invents Crooks tube a prototype of Vacuum tubes.
    Sir William Crookes was a pioneer of vacuum tubes, inventing the Crookes tube which was made in 1878. This was a foundational discovery that eventually changed the whole of chemistry and physics.
  • English engineer Joseph Swan invented Incandescent light bulb.

    English engineer Joseph Swan invented Incandescent light bulb.
    An incandescent light bulb, incandescent lamp or incandescent light globe is an electric light with a wire filament heated until it glows. The filament is enclosed in a bulb to protect the filament from oxidation. Current is supplied to the filament by terminals or wires embedded in the glass. A bulb socket provides mechanical support and electrical connections.
  • English physicist J J Thomson invented waveguides.

    English physicist J J Thomson invented waveguides.
    A waveguide is a structure that guides waves, such as electromagnetic waves or sound, with minimal loss of energy by restricting the transmission of energy to one direction. Without the physical constraint of a waveguide, wave amplitudes decrease according to the inverse square law as they expand into three dimensional space.
  • Thomas Alva Edison invents the fuse.

    Thomas Alva Edison invents the fuse.
    In electronics and electrical engineering, a fuse is an electrical safety device that operates to provide overcurrent protection of an electrical circuit. Its essential component is a metal wire or strip that melts when too much current flows through it, thereby stopping or interrupting the current. It is a sacrificial device; once a fuse has operated it is an open circuit, it must be replaced or rewired, depending on type.
  • Discovery of X-rays by Wilhelm Röntgen.

    Discovery of X-rays by Wilhelm Röntgen.
    X-rays make up X-radiation, a form of high-energy electromagnetic radiation.
  • American engineer Peter Cooper Hewitt invented Fluorescent lamp.

    American engineer Peter Cooper Hewitt invented Fluorescent lamp.
    A fluorescent lamp, or fluorescent tube, is a low-pressure mercury-vapor gas-discharge lamp that uses fluorescence to produce visible light. An electric current in the gas excites mercury vapor, which produces short-wave ultraviolet light that then causes a phosphor coating on the inside of the lamp to glow.
  • First wind energy plant in the Soviet Union.

    First wind energy plant in the Soviet Union.
    Wind power or wind energy is the use of wind to provide the mechanical power through wind turbines to turn electric generators and traditionally to do other work, like milling or pumping.
  • Hungarian-British physicist Dennis Gabor invented Holography

    Hungarian-British physicist Dennis Gabor invented Holography
    A hologram is a physical structure that uses light diffraction to make an image; the image can appear to be three-dimensional. Holography is the science and practice of making holograms.
  • First nuclear power plant in the US.

    First nuclear power plant in the US.
    A nuclear power plant is a thermal power station in which the heat source is a nuclear reactor. As is typical of thermal power stations, heat is used to generate steam that drives a steam turbine connected to a generator that produces electricity.
  • American engineer Theodore Harold Maiman developed a LASER.

    American engineer Theodore Harold Maiman developed a LASER.
    A laser is a device that emits light through a process of optical amplification based on the stimulated emission of electromagnetic radiation. The term "laser" originated as an acronym for "light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation".
  • Nick Holonyak Jr. invented the LED.

    Nick Holonyak Jr. invented the LED.
    A light-emitting diode (LED) is a semiconductor light source that emits light when current flows through it. Electrons in the semiconductor recombine with electron holes, releasing energy in the form of photons.
  • First electronic calculator

    First electronic calculator
    An electronic calculator is typically a portable electronic device used to perform calculations, ranging from basic arithmetic to complex mathematics.