Developemental Milestones

By 423724
  • Birth

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    Sensorimotor-Piaget Stage

    Experiencing the world through senses and actions (looking, hearing, touching, mouthing, and grasping)
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    Trust vs. Mistrust (Erikson)

    Infancy-1 year: If needs are dependably met, infants develop a sense of basic trust
  • Raise head to 45 Degrees (2months)

    physical and motor developement
  • Roll Over (2.8months)

    Physical and Motor Developement
  • Sit with Support (4months)

    Physical and Motor Developement
  • Sit without Support (5.5 months)

    Physical and Motor Developement
  • Pull self into standing position (7.6 months)

    Physical and Motor Developement
  • Easy-Temperament Styles

    Easy babies are cheerful, relaxed, and predictable in feeding and sleeping.
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    Preconventional Morality- Kohlberg

    Before age 9, most childrens' morality focuses on self interest: They obey rules either to avoud punishment or to gain a concrete reward.
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    Insecure Attachment

    Less likely to explore new environments, may often cling to their mother. When their mother leaves they may cry loudly or seem indifferent to her departure and remain normal.
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    Secure Attachment

    In their mothers presence, the child plays comfortably and happily explores the new environment. When their mother leaves they become distresssed. When she returns, they seek contact with the mother.
  • Difficult Babies-temperament Styles

    Difficult babies are irritable, intense, and unpredictable.
  • Slow-to-warm-up Babies-Temperament Styles

    Slow-to-warm-up infants tend to resist or withdraw from new poeple and situations.
  • Walk holding on to furniture (9.2 months)

    Physical and motor developement
  • Creep (10 months)

    Physical and Motor Developement
  • Stand Alone (11.5 months)

    Physical and Motor Developement
  • Walk (12.1months)

    Physical and Motor Developement
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    Autonomy vs. Shame &Doubt (Erikson)

    1-3 years: toddlers learn to excercise their will and do things for themselves, or they dount their abilities.
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    Preoperational-Piaget Stage

    Representing things with words and images; using intuitive rather than logical reasoning
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    Initiative vs. Guilt (Erikson)

    3-6 years: Preschoolers learn to initiaite tasks and carry out plans, or they feel guilty about their efforts to be independent.
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    Industry vs. Inferiority (Erikson)

    6-puberty: Children learn the pleasure of applying themselves to tasks or they feel inferior.
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    Concrete Operational-Piaget Stage

    Thinking logically about concrete events;grasping concrete analogies and performing arithmetical operations
  • Puberty (Females)

    In females puberty occurs bewteen the ages of 10-14. They experience growth spurts early in puberty as well as the develpement of breasts and milk ducts. Menstration, acne, and increased body hair are also signs of puberty.
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    Conventional Morality-Kohlberg

    By early adolescence, morality focuses on caring for others and on upholding laws and social rules, simply because they are the laws and rules.
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    Formal Operaltional-Piaget

    12-adulthood (21) Abstract Reasoning, abstract logic, and potentional for mature moral reasoning
  • Puberty (Males)

    Puberty in males occurs between the ages of 9-12. During puberty boys experience an increase in testicle size, an increase in body hair, a lower voice, a growth spurt, and the growth in the adam's apple.
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    Identity vs. Role Confusion (Erikson)

    Teen years-20's: Teenagers work at refining a sense of self by testing roles and then integrating them to form a single identity, or they become confused about who they are.
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    Intamacy vs. Isolation (Erikson)

    20s-40s: Young adults struggle to form close relationships and to gain the capacity for intamite love, or they feel socially isolated.
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    Midlife Transition

    Midlife trransition is discontent or bordom with a lifestyle that had previously provided fullfillment. Occurs between the ages of 20-60
  • First Child

    The average age that women have their frist child is 25.2 in the United States.
  • Marraige (Women)

    The average age for women to marry in the United States its 27
  • Marraige (Men)

    The average age for me to marry in the United States is 29.
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    Hearing-Sensory Abilities

    Starting around age 30 the average person starts to lose their hearing. At age 50 is when it starts to significantly decrease until death.
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    Postconventional Morality-Kohlberg

    This stage or moral reasoning is not reached by all. With the abstract reasoning of formal operational thought, people may reach this third level. Actions are judged "right" because they flow from people's rights or from self-defined, basic eithical priciples.
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    Cognitive Changes in Adulthood

    As we age, our memory declines-some more than others. However there is a difference bewtween judging people on how well they recall information and how well they memorize it. Older people have a harder time recalling information but tend to do better when they have the chance to memorize it. This is why they often struggle to remeber to take daily medication or remember appointments at a certian time.
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    Generativity vs. Stagnation (Erikson)

    40s-60s: In middle age, people discover a sense of contributing to the world, usually thrugh family and work, or they may feel a lack of purpose.
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    Physical Changes-Middle to Late Adulthood

    Middle Age: Aging brings a decline in fertility in women (menopause). A phsycial decline in athletic people is also noticable.
    Late Adulthood: Life expectancy has increased over the years due to science and medical advances. The body becomes frail, cells stop producing-the body eventually wears out.
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    Vision-Sensory Abilities

    From age 50 to age 70 vision starts to decrease. On avverage it slowly decreases until it reaches age 70 and then rapidly decreases from there until death
  • Menopause

    Menopause is the ceasing of mentration. Occurs to women between the ages of 48-55 but the average age is 51
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    Integrity vs. Despair (Erikson)

    late 60 & up: Reflceting on his or her life, an older adult may feel a sense of satisfaction or failure.
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    Smells- Sensory Abilities

    Around age 65, people start to lose their ability to correctly identify smells. From this age it decreases rapidly until death.
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    Alzheimer's and Dementia

    Dementia is the natural erosion of the brain. The amount of disintegration doubles every 5 years up to age 95. Alzheimer's is different than dementia. It can destroy the brightest of minds by causing them to lose their memory and their resoning. This occurs when there is a loss of brain cells and deteriation of the neurons that produce acetylvholine. Without this chemical, memory and thinking suffer.
  • Death Males

    The average life expectancy of males is 84.3.
  • Death (Females)

    The average life epectancy in females is 86.6.