Cold War Timeline

  • Red Scare

    The Red Scare was the fear of communism spreading westward. There were tow red scares. The first was about a socialist revoultion followed by the Bolshevik revoultion of 1917. The red scare promoted fear, especially in the hearts and minds of the American public and polticial leaders.
  • McCarthyism

    McCarthyism is the practice of making assumptions and accusations of treason based on no or false evidence. Joseph McCarthy is where this term is derived from. He accused many people leaders, celebrities and important people of treason and working with the enemy towards communism when he had no valid evidence to back up and support his claims. The public believed him at first and these people who he targeted lost their good name and reputations for being linked to treason and espionage.
  • Containment

    It was essential for the US to contain communism and to prevent it from spreading westward because if all of the countires turned to communism we would have no one to trade with and our beautiful country and way of life would crumble and we would either be in ruins or forced to operate on communism which feared Americans because we believe in democracy and the almighty dollar.
  • Yalta Conference

    Uncondiditional surrender of Germany
    Partitioning of Germany
    Reorganization of Poland
    Membership in the United States
    Russia's help with Japan
    The USSR got land in Manchuria and several other islands.
    Poland got free elections post-war and the USSR would attack Japan withing three months of Germany's decline.
  • Potsdam Conference

    This was a warning to the Japanese that they must surrender uncomndiotionally or else the United States will destroy them and show no mercy.This conference focused on postwar Europe. Truman, Stalin and Churchill were involved.
  • Marshall Plan

    To increase influence and gain support in Europe and Asia by providing them with a strong financial backing of 17 billion dollars. Not only to gain influence but to help rebuild destructed Europe economies after World War II.
  • Berlin Blockade

    The Berlin Wall and Blackoade was a major international crisis when the Soviet Union blocked railroads and waterways from West Berlin. However, West Berlin flew in the air to make it over the wall and to provide supplies to the people in West Berlin. This made a huge divide in between East and West Berlin and the governing countries.
  • NATO

    NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) was formed to create a world ally. Canada was involved. In 1949 NATO was designed so that if an armed attack occured against one or more of the countries in NATO then it should be considered an attack against them all. Some countries involved were Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy. ALso, in 1949 the USSR exploded an atomic bomb and became a 2nd nuclear power on a global scale.
  • Sino Soviet Treaty

    Treaty of alliance between the people of the Republic of China and the people of the Soviet Union. This treaty was a sign of friendshipfor now between the two nations. They agreed to ot have major conflicts or to go to war against one another. They are allegded alliances because they share some of the same ideals however they are not great allies or best friends in terms of the global political scene.
  • Korea

    This was a war between the USSR and the US disguised by Korea. the US defended South Korea while China and the Soviets were in favor of North Korea because North Korea was for Communism and South Korea was leaning towards democracy. It was imperative that the US wins this war in order to keep their rank as a top global competitor and super power however the US tied with Korea. They decided to call the fighting quits and leave the fighting on pause for a little while.
  • Korea Part 2

    Continued.... Anything but a win was a huge blow to the ego of the United States. Korea eventually became divided into North and South at the 38th parallel.
  • Domino Theory

    This theory was the idea that if one country fell to commnism then the neighboring countries around that initial country would fall to communism as well. This concept is a parallel to the domino effect where one domino falls they all fall because they knock each one down. this theory was implemented during the Cold War by the US as a reason to send American troops in to Indochina.

    SEATO (South East Asia Treaty Organization) This was a defense pact to defend the nations against communist attack. SEATO onsidered a failure because of internal conflict and other hindered problems.
  • Warsaw Pact

    This was a collective defense treaty in response to NATO. This pact was dev eloped by the Soviets in attempt to maintain control over military forces in Eastern and Central Europe. Europe was told that they would get peace for this agreement from the Soviet Union.
  • Vietnam War

    Many American lives were lost during this war and we ultimately lost because South Vietnam fell to communism after all of the fighting. North and South Vietnam were at war however more Americans were fighting for South Vietnam than the actual Vietnamese. Vietnam was seperated at the 17th parallel and the US was not successful in their quest to contain communism.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    This crisis was between the US and USSR when the USSR moved missiles to Cuba. This was a very close call to there being a nuclear war. The USSR moved some missiles to Cuba to pose as a threat to the US because the US had missiles located in Japan and over Europe that threatened the USSR. This was an event that contributed to the Cold War and the arms race. It lasted 13 days and IBM's were sent to Cuba from the USSR.
  • SALT 1

    (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks) in between the US and Soviet Union during the Cold War era. The negotiation was held in Finliand to meet about the Anti Ballistic Missile Treaty. SALT 1 was ratified however SALT 2 was not.