Civil War Timeline

By karell
  • Election of 1860

    Election of 1860
    Abraham Lincoln won the presidential election of 1860 against Stepan Douglas, John Breckenridge, and John Bell. The majority of votes were electoral votes and also he didn't win in a single southern state.
  • Confederation States Form

    Confederation States Form
    The Confederate states that wanted their independence were Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia. This followed as they withdrew from the United States in 1860 after President Abraham Lincoln was elected.
  • Jefferson Davies inaugurated as President of Confederate States of America

    Jefferson Davies inaugurated as President of Confederate States of America
    Jefferson Davis was introduced as the first and only president of the Confederate States of America after the South seceded. Later the ceremony was held at the first Confederate capital, Montgomery.
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    Abraham Lincoln had planned to resupply Fort Sumter which caused it to be the site of the first battle of the American Civil War. This also marketed the bringing of the Civil War.
  • First Battle of Bull Run

    First Battle of Bull Run
    It was the first full-scale battle of the Civil War. This fight would force the North and South to face the serious reality that the war would be tragic as the people started to realize it would be a bloody and long war. The Confederacy won this battle.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    This battle was one of the Union's victories during the Civil war. The South's deafest was at Shiloh which ended the Confederacy's hope of blocking the Union's advance into the Mississippi and doomed the Confederate military in the West.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    The battle of Antietam was the bloodiest day of the war. This battle also ended the Confederate Army as it was Northern Virginia's first invasion into the North which led Abraham Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation as the Union had its victory.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    The Emancipation Proclamation was issued that declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free." The Proclamation didn't address any of the slave states on the border as Abraham Lincoln did not want to risk the loyalty they had for the Union.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    Abraham Lincoln made a speech to remind the people why they were at war and the meaning such as liberty and equality. This speech also addresses and honors the men who had died fighting during the war.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    The Battle of Gettysburg lasted from July 1-3, this battle had the largest number of men killed in the entire war. It was the turning point of the war as General Lee and his army were forced to begin a slow defense campaign to retreat to their home country for supplies they needed for the soldiers.
  • Battle of Vicksburg

    Battle of Vicksburg
    The Union victory at Vicksburg weakened the Confederacy by splitting it in half and isolating the South from receiving supplies from the West which caused the Mississippi River to be in the Union's control.
  • Sherman's March to the Sea

    Sherman's March to the Sea
    The Union troops made a campaign that lasted from November 15 to December 21, 1864, where they pillaged the countryside and destroyed the military outpost and civilian properties with no remorse. The Union hoped this would have civilians from Geroege to abandon the Confederate states.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    The 13th Amendment was passed on January 31st, 1865, by Congress and was ratified on December 7, 1865. It said "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction."
  • Appomattox CourtHouse

    Appomattox CourtHouse
    General Robert E. Lee who was the main leader of the Confederate states surrendered formally to the Union by signing papers which were signed at Wilmer Mcleans home, ending the Civil War. His army had already surrendered in Northern Virginia in a village called the Appomattox Courthouse.
  • Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

    Assassination of Abraham Lincoln
    John Wilkes Booth shot Abraham Lincoln in the head while he attended a performance at the Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C. After this there was a sudden stop for the Union's Victory as the night of April 14, 1865, Abraham Lincoln was pronounced dead.