Civil War Timeline

  • Fort sumter

    summary:Union forces surrender Fort Sumter in South Carolina's Charleston Harbor.The first engagement of the war ended in Rebel victory. Casualties: It started the civil war, the north had the advantage
  • Secession of Virginia

    Summary:a new Constitution for Virginia, which was subsequently voted down in referendum under the Confederate regime. Casualties: The North lost the war, North Carolina followed Virginia, bringing the number of Confederate states to 11.
  • Battle at bull run

    Summary: first major land battle of the American Civil War. It began when about 35,000 Union troops marched from the federal capital in Washington, D.C. to strike a Confederate force of 20,000 along a small river known as Bull Run. Casualties:5,000 soldiers died, captured, or missing, as the union troops retreated to Washington.
  • New Technology/Weapons

    Summary:Even more deadly than the development of ironclad ships was the invention of the rifle and the minié ball. Casualties: The south dominated the north because of the developed weapons.
  • Battle at Shiloh

    Summary:Union General Ulysses S. Grant and Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston collide at Shiloh, and one of the bloodiest engagements of the civil war. Casualties: The north had more than 23,500 killed or missing and ¼ still fighting, and after this Grant knew the south would not push over.
  • Battle at Richmond

    Summary:Confederate soldiers fought inexperienced recruits under Union Major General William “Bull” Nelson, resulting in an overwhelmingly Confederate victory. Casualties:The south pushed the north out of Kentucky, The south had higher casualties because they had fewer men.
  • Battle at Antietam

    Summary:Antietam was the bloodiest single-day battle in American history with over 23,000 casualties, The battle ended the Confederate invasion of Maryland in 1862 and resulted in a Union victory. Casualties:Union causalities: 12,410
    Confederate causalities: 13,724
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Summary: Emancipation Proclamation was an executive order issued by Abraham Lincoln, It proclaimed freedom of slaves in the ten Confederate states still in rebellion. It also said that freed slaves could be enlisted in the Union Army, that made the Union's available manpower. Casualties:The Proclamation allowed African Americans to join the Union army and help fight the Confederates which increased the Union's numbers by about 200,000. The south had a huge disadvantage from the proclamation
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Summary:Union victory that stopped Confederate General Robert E. Lee's second invasion of the North. More than 50,000 men fell as casualties during the 3-day battle, making it the bloodiest battle of the Civil War. Casualties:Union Soldiers had to hold
    the advantage on the hill that they established
    with few troops against the large confederate Army.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Summary:a speech delivered by Abraham Lincoln, dedication of Soldier's National Cemetery, a cemetery for Union soldiers killed at the Battle Of Gettysburg. Casualties:
  • Surrender at Appomattox

    Summary: town of Appomattox Court House, Virginia, Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered his Army of Northern Virginia to Union General Ulysses S. Grant, effectively brought the four-year Civil War to an end.
  • The Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

    Summary:John Wilkes Booth, a famous actor and Confederate sympathizer, assassinated President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C. The attack came only five days after Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered his massive army at Appomattox Court House.
  • Medicine during the civil war

    Summary:Dorothea Dix became the nation’s first superintendent of
    women nurses and 3,000 served. Casualties: With all the nurses a lot of men were saved.