Civil war

Civil Express

  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    • The Northern and Southern politicians debated over slavery’s growth
    • Henry Clay resolved the conflict
    • All states north of the line will we free states and all the states south of the line will be slave states
    • Line was at 36◦ 30’
  • Nullification Crisis

    Nullification Crisis
    • Southern states thought Tariffs were unfair and because they only supported the North
    • John C. Calhoun stated that any state could nullify a federal law they consider unconstitutional.
    • South Carolina’s argument got denied by the federal government
    • South Carolina threatened to secede.
    • Henry Clay a compromised and lowered the tariff.
  • Comprimise of 1850

    Comprimise of 1850
    • Congress had many debates as to whether the new territories Mexico won would be admitted as slave states or Free states.
    • Henry Clay
    • California = free state
    • from the rest of the territories the Congress would not pass laws banning slavery
  • Fugitive Slave Act

    Fugitive Slave Act
    • The act permitted the capture of African-Americans who had fled to the north to escape bondage
    • These laws heightened tension, and set the stage for John Brown's Raid and the Civil War.
  • Bleeding Kansas

    Bleeding Kansas
    • 5000 people from nearby proslavery Missouri came and voted for proslavery representatives in Kansas illegally.
    • Anti-slavery opponents started their own government and it was attacked by proslavery forces.
    • To avenge this attack, John Brown murdered several of his proslavery neighbors
  • dred Scott decision

    dred Scott decision
    • The decision also declared that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional, and that Congress did not have the authority to prohibit slavery.
    • The Dred Scott decision sparked outrage in the northern states and glee in the south—the growing schism made civil war inevitable.
    • Court case- Dred Scott vs. Sandford
  • Attack on Harpers Ferry

    Attack on Harpers Ferry
    • John Brown wanted to inspire slaves to fight for their freedom.
    • Brown and his men were captured, and ten were killed.
    • Abolitionists saluted John Brown as he was put to death; the issue of slavery had raised tensions to the breaking point.
  • Election of 1860

    Election of 1860
    • Abraham Lincoln won the election
    • shortly after Lincoln was elected, Southern states begin to secede from the Union
    • Lincoln said he would do nothing to abolish slavery but the southerners didn’t trust him