Chronological Overview Of English Literature

  • Period: 450 to 1066

    Old English Period

    Coming from two Germanic tribes, the Angles and the Saxons whit the Celta England invasion. In this period of time, we have oral literature that is traduction of different things like medical or religious language. The most important poets of this period are Caedmon and Cynewulf and works like Beowulf.
  • Period: 1066 to 1500

    Middle English Period

    In this period of time, we can see significant changes in culture, lifestyle, and language, so we can say that in this period was developed "modern" English. As in the previous period, most of the works were about religion until 1350, from this time the secular literature increase. Important writers of this period are Chaucer, Thomas Malory, and Robert Henryson. Notable works "Piers Plowman" and "Sir Gawain and the Green Knight."
  • Period: 1500 to

    The Renaissance

    Also called by critics and literary historians as the "Early Modern" period. This period is subdivided into four parts, Elizabethan Age, the Jacobean Age, the Caroline Age, and the Commonwealth Period. Some of the most noteworthy figures of each period were: Francis Bacon, Sir Walter Raleigh and, William Shakespeare. John Donne, William Shakespeare and, Elizabeth Cary. John Milton, Robert Burton, and George Herbert. Oliver Cromwell, Thomas Fuller, and Andrew Marvell.
  • Period: to

    The Neoclassical Period

    As the past period, this age is divided into four parts, The Restoration, restoration comedies, and satire, William Congreve, John Dryden, and Samuel Butler, among many others. The Augustan Age, time of Alexander Pope and Jonathan Swift, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, and Daniel Defoe. The Age of Sensibility, Edmund Burke, Edward Gibbon, Hester Lynch Thrale, James Boswell, and Samuel Johnson, neoclassicism, critical and literary mode, the Enlightenment.
  • Period: to

    The Romantic Period

    Its beginning is debated between different years of the age, one of those years is 1798 when it was publication Lyrical Ballads by William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge. The final of this period was with the passage of the Reform Bill and with the death of Sir Walter Scott. This is the era of Wordsworth, Coleridge, William Blake, Lord Byron, John Keats among most others. The gothic era is included in this period with Matthew Lewis, Anne Radcliffe, and William Beckford.
  • Period: to

    The Victorian Period

    Period of several issues in social, economic, religious, and intellectual. This period was divided into three parts, Early, Mid, and Late periods, or two phases, Pre-Raphaelites, and Aestheticism and Decadence. Poets of this period are Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Christina Rossetti, Alfred Lord Tennyson, and Matthew Arnold. Essay with John Ruskin, and Walter Pater, prose fiction with Charles Dickens, Charlotte, and Emily Bronte, George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans), Thomas Hardy
  • Period: to

    The Edwardian Period

    This period of time covers the period between Victoria’s death and the outbreak of World War I. Includes classic novelists like Joseph Conrad, Ford Madox Ford, Rudyard Kipling, H.G. Wells, and Henry James; notable poets such as Alfred Noyes and William Butler Yeats; and dramatists such as James Barrie, George Bernard Shaw, and John Galsworthy.
  • Period: to

    The Georgian Period

    This period includes Georgian poets, such as Ralph Hodgson, John Masefield, W.H. Davies, and Rupert Brooke. The poetry of the age was about rural or pastoral nature.
  • Period: to

    The Modern Period

    Usually, it is called the "Modern Period" because of the works after World War I. Some of the most remarkable writers of this period were James Joyce, Virginia Woolf, Aldous Huxley, D.H. Lawrence, Joseph Conrad; poets like W.B. Yeats, T.S. Eliot, W.H. Auden, Seamus Heaney, Wilfred Owens, Samuel Beckett, Frank McGuinness, Harold Pinter, and Caryl Churchill. New Criticism also appeared at this time with Woolf, Eliot, William Empson, and others.
  • Period: to

    The Postmodern Period

    This period of time started after World War II. Poststructuralist literary theory and criticism developed during this time. Some notable writers of the period include Samuel Beckett, Joseph Heller, Anthony Burgess, John Fowles, Penelope M. Lively, and Iain Banks. Many postmodern authors wrote during the modern period as well.