APUSH Timeline

Timeline created by maddielemi
In History
  • Sand Creek Massacre

    Sand Creek Massacre
    The Sand Creek Massacre was when an army of white American soldiers enter Native American land and fought the people. It was a massacre because 400 men, women, and children were killed. White Americans killed the Native Americans for land.
  • The Thirteenth Amendment

    The Thirteenth Amendment
    “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.”
    The Thirteenth Amendment officially freed all slaves, in the Union and Confederate states. Four million people were freed from enslavement; however, this Amendment did not give African Americans rights.
  • The Fourteenth Amendment

    The Fourteenth Amendment
    “All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.”
    This is just a part of the whole Amendment, but this quote granted newly freed slaves citizenship. President Johnson originally opposed it, but Republicans overrode him.
  • The Klu Klux Act (The Third Force Act)

    The Klu Klux Act (The Third Force Act)
    Violent groups in the South softened attacked innocent African Americans, such as the Klu Klux Klan, or KKK. The President of the time, Ulysses S. Grant sent military forces to control the violences of the KKK. However, after Reconstruction ended, soldiers were pulled from the South, leaving African Americans to the abuse of the KKK.
  • Panic of 1873

    Panic of 1873
    A global depression and six year economic downturn. There was an increase production during the war, but then decreases after. A major company failed, the Jay Cooke Company, which handled most of the governments wartime loans. The NY Stock exchanged closed for ten days and 15,000 business in American went bankrupt.
  • The Great Railroad Strike

    The Great Railroad Strike
    This was the countries first great strike. The Pennsylvania Railroad cut wages 20% in two months, along with other railroad companies. Worktimes were also cut to only two or three times a week. To protest, works walked away from their work and blocked the railways in Baltimore. 14,000 people ended up rioting as well.
  • Munn v. Illinois

    Munn v. Illinois
    This was a U.S. Supreme Court that decided that only Congress has control over interstate commerce and that large companies, such as the storage facilities in this case, were subject to public regulation for rates. This cases originated from the National Grange Movement.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    The Chinese Exclusion Act, signed on May 6, 1882, was a ten year long ban on Chinese labor immigration. It lasted until 1943. This is seen as the first important immigration restriction acts in America. It didn't prevent all Asian immigration, but it was very strict, only allowing a person into a country if the pass the requirements. Congress put this act into action to keep America's racial purity and to keep jobs for white men away from immigrants.
  • The Dawes Severalty Act 1887

    The Dawes Severalty Act 1887
    The Dawes Severalty Act in 1887 allowed the federal government to break up reservations into smaller groups. The goal was to break up the tribes so more land can be own by white men. Children were also taken and brought to a special school that will teach children the way of white people. The phrase was "kill the Indian and save the man>"
  • Jane Addams

    Jane Addams
    Jane Addams was the woman who opened and founded the Hull House, a settlement house, in 1889. The Hull House provided a nursery, kindergarten, clubs, and event for the community. Later, convinced by her friend, Addams used the Hull House to expose child labor, sweat shops, and tried to improve poverty, disease, and living conditions. Jane Addams received the Nobel Pease Prize in 1931.
  • How the Other Half Lives

    How the Other Half Lives
    America during the Gilded Age was compared to an apple by Mark Twain: a shiny outside with a rotten core. This compares to America because during this time, the country looked amazing to an outside, but once inside, the country is facing poverty and racial discrimination. How the Other Half Lives by Jacob Riis breaks through the shiny, perfect image of America and shows the awful lives for poor immigrants. It depicts terrible housing, poor families, dangerous ghettos, and child labor.
  • Populist Party

    Populist Party
    Emerging after the Farmer's Alliance, the Populist Party was a political group composed of farmers and industrial workers. They demanded for the use of silver in the currency, a graduated income tax, government ownership for the railroads, and other things. A main figure of the Populist Party was William Jennings Bryan, who ran for President in 1896, but lost.
  • Annexation of Hawaii

    Annexation of Hawaii
    After the Spanish American War, citizen pressured President McKinley to find more U.S. territories. Specifically the people urged for the annexation of Hawaii. Hawaii was already popular among American settlers due to its profitable sugar cane crops. Queen Liliuokalani was the last queen of Hawaii before the archipelago was annexed and Samuel Dole was made the first governor.
  • The Teller Amendment

    The Teller Amendment
    Created by Henry Teller (which is the image), this amendment addressed control over Cuba after the Spanish-American War. It states that the US could only get involved with Cuba if it regards helping the island with stability, meaning that America couldn't permanently take control over Cuba. Once Cuba is stable, America would leave the island and the Cuban government would be able to govern themselves.
  • Battle of San Juan Hill

    Battle of San Juan Hill
    Battle of San Juan Hill was an important battle during the Spanish-American War. It was also known as the bloodiest battle of the Spanish-American War. The Rough Riders, which was a cavalry composed of Native Americans, athletes, and cowboys led by Theodore Roosevelt, were a key element during this battle. This group helped win the battle, due to the fact that they served as a distraction so that the real army could fight.
  • Carrie A Nation

    Carrie A Nation
    Carrie A Nation was a moral vigilant. She was a woman who destroyed saloons in the name of God's Will. On December 27, 1900, she went to the Carey Hotel and broke the bottles and bars. She was later charged $3,000 in damages and arrest and in jail for a month. She didn't stop there and then destroyed two more bars in Wichita, Kansas. She fought against the evils of alcohol.
  • Theodore Roosevelt

    Theodore Roosevelt
    Theodore Roosevelt became President after William McKinley was shot and killed in 1901. The new President was not antibusiness, but rather pushed for antitrust regulation on monopolies and corrupted trusts.
  • Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire

    Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
    On March 25, 1911, the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory caught fire. The exits were locked and the fire ladder outside the building collapsed. This left over 200 women trapped in the burning building. 146 died, either by the fire or jumping out the windows. This was seen as a turning point from the Gilded Age to the Progressive Era because it could finally be seen what happens to unprivileged citizen in the hands of corruption and unsafe work conditions.
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    Chapter 17-Moving West

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    Chapter 15-Reconstruction

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    Chapter 16- The Gilded Age

    A time of economic growth and crushing poverty, racial discrimination, and child labor.
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    Chapter 20-The Progressive Era