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Change Over Time- the Refrigerator

By rew9238
  • 1000-500 BC

    1000-500 BC
    In 1000 BC, Chinese cut ice to keep food cold. In 500 BC, Egyptians were filling pots with water and leaving them outside on cold nights to create ice.
  • Sir Francis Bacon died

    Sir Francis Bacon died
    Sir Francis Bacon was testing the idea that cold could be used to preserve meat, when his experiment caused him to develop pneumonia, and he died.
  • Ice

    People gathered ice from streams and ponds and did their best to store it year-round in icehouses and cellars, so they had a ready supply to keep their food cold. Even with ice, people were often limited to eating locally grown foods that had to be purchased fresh and used daily.
  • Icebox

    France’s Ferdinand Carré created the first icebox- a more advanced system that used ammonia as a coolant. (Earlier vapor-compression machines used air.) The ammonia worked well, but was toxic if it leaked.
  • Ice and Snow

    Ice and Snow
    Even with talk about developing a "frigidarium," ice and snow were our main resource in keeping food cold and preserved until the 20th century.
  • 1000 BC- 500 BC

    1000 BC- 500 BC
    1000 BC- The Chinese cut and stored ice
    500 BC- Egyptians and Indians made ice by putting water in pots and leaving them outside on cold ice
  • Electric Refrigeration

    Electric Refrigeration
    Fred W. Wolf invented the first commercially viable electric refrigerator in the United States. The DOMELRE, an air-cooled refrigeration unit, was mounted on top of an icebox.
  • Mellowes

    Alfred Mellowes starts Guardian Frigerato to build first self-container refrigerator (the compressor was in the bottom of the cabinet) for home use. Guardian Refrigerator Company started manufacturing and selling Mellowes’ version of the refrigerator in 1916, but struggled and produced fewer than 40 appliances in two years.
  • Frigidaire

    General Motors purchased the Guardian Refrigerator Company, and the business was renamed Frigidaire. Appliances were mass produced much like cars, and the first Frigidaire refrigerator was completed in September 1918 in Detroit.
  • At this point...

    At this point...
    By 1920, there were more than 200 different refrigerator models on the market.
  • 1 Million Refrigerators

    1 Million Refrigerators
    Continued improvements in how the refrigerator was produced, along with organizational changes in the company resulted in a better product and a reduced price. Frigidaire eventually added ice cream cabinets to models in 1923, soda fountain equipment in 1924, and water and milk coolers in 1927. By 1929, 1 million refrigerators had been produced, a marked improvement from the early years.
  • The "Greenie" Fridge

    The "Greenie" Fridge
    Einstein patented a refrigerator that cools with ammonia, butane and water instead of Freon, a contributor to global warming. Although Einstein’s original refrigerator was not very energy efficient, researchers from Oxford have adjusted his plans and believe they have a version that could be competitive in the marketplace in the future.
  • American Homes

    More than 2 million Americans owned refrigerators.
  • Two-Part Refrigerators

    Two-Part Refrigerators
    GE introduced refrigerator with one section for frozen food and one section for chilled food. In 1947, GE would be the first company to introduce the two-door refrigerator-freezer combination.
  • American Homes

    80% of American homes have refrigerators.
  • American Homes

    A refrigerator is present in 99.5% of homes.
  • Today

    Over 8 million refrigerators are sold each year in the U.S.