Canada's Role in the Cold War

  • Quebec's Padlock Law

    Quebec's Padlock Law
    It was an act of the province of Quebec passed on MArch 24, 1937 by the Union Nationalee or allow any person to make use of Government of Maurice Duppplessis, that was intended to prevent the disssemination of communist propaganda. It prohibits anyone to useof it to propagate Communism or Bolshevism. A violation of the law could result in 13 months incarceration.
  • Spies in Canada: Gouzrnko Affair

    Spies in Canada: Gouzrnko Affair
    [Igor](http:/// Affair</a>Igor Gouzenko was a Soviet born cipher clerk who trained in intelligence work while in the Soviet Embassy in Ottawa in 1943. He first offered the Canadian Government secret documetns of Soviet spies. When the Soviets attempted to kidnap him, the Canadian officials took the documents and convicted 18 people involved in spy-related activities. Until the end of his life, he was noted as a courageous figure wh chose freedom over dictatorship and the man who alerted the West of Soviet Communism.
  • Berlin Blockade

    Berlin Blockade
    Video The Soviet Union attempted to force the allies to give up their established rights to occupy the Western part of the former German Capital, Berlin. They failed in blocking all supply lines because the ally’s air lifted food and supplies to Western Berlin. It raised tensions between them and the allies.
  • The Forgotten War:The Korean War

    The Forgotten War:The Korean War
    Video Communist North Korea and Communist China decided to attack South Korea. Only 16 countries helped them and Canada ranked third in total aid to South Korea. 25,000 Canadian troops fought and 1,000 were wounded and 406 were killed. They were asked to stay in Korea until 1955 to maintain the uneasy truce.
  • Continental Alliance: The Dew LIne

    Continental Alliance: The Dew LIne
    VideoThe Distinct Early Warning Line stretches along the Arctic Circle and acts as a trip wire if triggered by any aircraft would alert the U.S. and Canadian Forces. This was used to alert NORAD of any potential airstrike from the Northern Hemisphere.
  • Diefenbaker, Bomarc Missiles and nuclear warheads in Canada

    Diefenbaker, Bomarc Missiles and nuclear warheads in Canada
    Video Prime Minister Diefenbaker originally agreed to deploy the Bomarc missiles then controversially changed his mind and decided it was unnecessary. This eventually cost him in the 1963 election and new P.M. Lester B. Pearson on December 31, 1963 deployed the first nuclear armed missile.
  • Vietnam War & Draft Dodgers in Canada

    Vietnam War & Draft Dodgers in Canada
    Video Canada did not directly participate in combat, instead produced war material for the U.S. Army. By the end of the war, Canada sold $2.47 billion worth of war material. They also enforced the Geneva Agreement in the early stages of the war. Many Vietnamese refugees and U.S. Army deserters searched for refuge in Canada.
  • UN Peacekeeping: The Suez Crisis

    UN Peacekeeping: The Suez Crisis
    SuezCold War superpowers bought and tested military technology from Middle Eastern clients. Factors that increased tensions in the Middle East were its strategic location, its massive petroleum reserves and its world powers including Canada.
  • Continental Alliances: NORAD

    Continental Alliances: NORAD
    Video Canada joined forces with the U.S. to create a warning system that would alert North America of a Soviet airstrike. It was believed that the Soviets would attack from the North and sweep through North America while dropping A-Bombs. They wanted to create a sophisticated radar line that ran from Alaska to Great Britain.
  • Sputnik 1

    Sputnik 1
    Video A key Cold War event when the Soviets launched the first artificial Earth satellite. The U.S. feared this creation and saw believed that the rocket that delivered Sputnik in minutes could send a rocket to any part of the world. This sparked the Space Race and President Eisenhower signed NASA.
  • Pearson Wins Nobel Prize

    Pearson Wins Nobel Prize
    Video Prime Minister Pearson was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts in the Suez Crisis. He created a mandate for a UN Peacekeeping Force and is considered the father of modern peacekeeping. He was also responsible for the construction of the UN Security Council.
  • Avro Arrow & its Cancellation

    Avro Arrow & its Cancellation
    Video It is an interceptor jet that would have deter the threat of enemy bombers from the North. Eventually, the new Conservative Government scrapped the project on February 20, 1959 due to expensive fire control/missile systems. They tried to sell it to the U.S. when they release the Bomarc Missiles.
  • The Summit Series

    The Summit Series
    It was an 8 game hockey series between the Soviet Union and Canada. It was the first game between the Soviet Union and the first Team Canada. The series was played at the height of the Cold War and nationalism was on the line. Team Canada went on to win but, the Soviets earned the respect and admiration of Canadian hockey fans.
  • Canada

    Video Their early space research involved undergoing small launcher and satellite projects relative to the Black Brant Project. Canadian scientists and engineers participated in the Topsider Project which led to the creation of Canada’s first satellite called the Alouette 1. The launch of the Alouette 1 made Canada the third country to release a man-made satellite into space.
  • The Cuban Missile Crisis

    The Cuban Missile Crisis
    Video The Canadian Government had to decide if they should increase Canadian Forces readiness to DEFCON 3 in response to a Soviet attack from Cuba. The decision was delayed for two days when P.M. Diefenbaker argued that it would violate terms regarding the American-Cuban policy. The majority of Parliament agreed with Minister of National Defence Douglas Harkness’ decision to pass it.
  • The Fall of the Berlin Wall

    The Fall of the Berlin Wall
    People for East Germany demanded freedom into West Germany. IN October 1989 thousands of East Germans crossed the wall every day. The guards had no orders to take lethal action and let them flood the checkpoints. As the wall deteriorated, the military decided to remove what is left of it and the East adopted West German currency.
  • The Fall of the Soviet Union

    The Fall of the Soviet Union
    The Soviet of the Republics of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union declared the USSR formally dissolved. Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev declared his office extinct and handed it over to Russian President Boris Yeltsin. The Soviet flag was replaced with the Russian tricolor on the Kremlin. This marked the end of the Cold War.