Biology

Biology 1990-2012

  • Period: to

    Biological Timeline 1990-012

  • First Gene Therapy Procedure

    First Gene Therapy Procedure
    September 14, 1990 the first gene therapy trial occurred on four-year old girl with a genetic disease that left her defenseless against infections.The normal genes for making the necessary enzyme were inserted into her own WBC's and then the reinjected into her. She was then able to produce enzyme and is living a normal life. Dr. W. French Anderson developed and performed the procedure. Can be applied to a large number of genetic disorders and may be only viable form of treatment.
  • Discovery of G proteins

    Discovery of G proteins
    Rodbell and Gilman found that a transducer, the G protein, provided the link between the hormone receptor and the amplifier of the signal. They used genetic and biochemical techniques to identify the G-protein. They observed a mutated lymphoma (defective) cell that had normal receptor and amplifier but lacked a transducer (G-protein). Discovery of G-proteins allows for proper medical diagnosis by filling in the gap. They were awarded Nobel Prize (medicine) in 1994 for the discovery.
  • First Genome Sequence Published

    First Genome Sequence Published
  • First Protease Inhibitor to Combat AIDS/HIV

    First Protease Inhibitor to Combat AIDS/HIV
    The Protease inhibitor drug Saquinavir was approved for use in human treatment for AIDS/HIV. Protease Inhibitors block the HIV protease which is an enzyme HIV needs to make copies of itself. Was viewed as a monumental breakthrough for people living with AIDS. Spurred a substantial subsequent pharmaceutical field in PI's for HIV/AIDS and other diseases such as Hepatitis C. In 1997 there was the first reduction in the number of AIDS deaths since epidemic began in 1981 due to PI treatment.
  • Zanzibar Leopard Goes Extinct

    Zanzibar Leopard Goes Extinct
  • GM Foods at local Markets

    GM Foods at local Markets
    J. Sainsbury and Safeway Stores in the UK introduced the first genetically modified food product to consumers. The first product introduced was a tomato paste; the tomatoes were a variant from the first-ever genetically modified food, a tomato referred to as “Flavr Savr” http://www.disabled-world.com/fitness/gm-foods.php
  • University of Michigan finds hormone to regrow myelin sheaths

    University of Michigan finds hormone to regrow myelin sheaths
    Diseases such as Multiple Sclerosis, Alzheimer's and Lou Gehrig’s Disease indicate the damaging of the myelin sheath. Due to this damage, neurons are unable to send signals. Researchs at the University of Michigan have discovered that IGF-1 induces the growth of these sheaths offering a potential treatment for these diseases. http://www.aardenbiohealth.com/Positive-effects-on-Disease-Disorders/
  • Dolly the Sheep

    Dolly the Sheep
    Dolly the sheep was the first animal successfully cloned by scientists at the Roslin Institute in Edinburgh. Dolly was born July 5, 2007 and lived for 6.5 years. She was created by fusing the nucleus of from a six-year old sheep cell with an oocyte with its nucleus removed and implanted into a surrogate mother. http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn3393-dolly-the-sheep-dies-young.html
  • Spix's Macaw Goes Extinct

    Spix's Macaw Goes Extinct
  • AbioCor Artificial Heart

    AbioCor Artificial Heart
    Robert Tools was on his death bed, with a month left to live when AbioCor delivered him an artificial heart. Previously, artificial hearts where attached to tubes and wires connecting to a refrigerator size power unit but the AbioCor heart possesses a self-contained battery pack which can strap to the patients waist. Robert who was unable to lift hand due to illness is not able to walk to the ice-cream store and restaurants with loved-ones. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1001
  • Terrorsist Attack in USA

    Terrorsist Attack in USA
    Terrorists members of al-Qaeda hijacked two airplanes and crashed them into the twin towers of the World Trade Center.
  • The iPod is here.

    The iPod is here.
    Apple releases their portable music player the iPod.
  • Targeted Cancer Drug Gleevec First Approved by FDA

     Targeted Cancer Drug Gleevec First Approved by FDA
  • Completion of the Human Genome Project

    Completion of the Human Genome Project
  • Facebook Goes Live

    Facebook Goes Live
    The social networking website Facebook goes live connecting university students in North America.
  • First Partial Face Transplant

    First Partial Face Transplant
  • Commercial Approval of HPV Vaccine

    Commercial Approval of HPV Vaccine
  • The Madeira Large White Goes Extinct

    The Madeira Large White Goes Extinct
  • World Population Reaches 7 Billion!!

    World Population Reaches 7 Billion!!
    The world population reaches 7 billion people today!