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Between the Wars

  • Social Darwinism

    Social Darwinism
    Social Darwinism is a modern name given to various theories of society that emerged in the United Kingdom, North America, and Western Europe in 1870, which claim to apply biological concepts of natural selection and survival of the fittest to sociology and politics.
  • Frances Willard

    Frances Willard
    In 1874, Willard's ideas had clashed with those of the university president, Charles H. Fowler, the same man to whom she had been engaged in 1861. The conflicts escalated, and in March of 1874, Frances Willard chose to leave the University. She had become involved in temperance work, and when invited to take the position, accepted the presidency of the Chicago Women's Christian Temperance Union.
  • Tin Pan Alley

    Tin Pan Alley
    The start of Tin Pan Alley dated to1885, when a number of music publishers set up shop in the same district of Manhattan. The end of Tin Pan Alley took place at the start of the Great Depression in the 1930s when the phonograph and radio supplanted sheet music as the driving force of American popular music.
  • William Jennings Bryan

    William Jennings Bryan
    Bryan electrified the 1896 Democratic convention with his Cross of Gold speech, favoring free silver and captured the presidential nomination. Also nominated by the Populists, Bryan agreed with their view that government should protect individuals and the democratic process against monopolistic corporations.
  • Marcus Garvey

    Marcus Garvey
    Inspired by his experiences, Marcus Garvey returned to Jamaica in 1912 and founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association with the goal of uniting all of African diaspora to "establish a country and absolute government of their own.
  • Federal Reserve System

    Federal Reserve System
    It was created by the Congress to provide the nation with a safer, more flexible, and more stable monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve was created on December 23, 1913, when President Woodrow Wilson signed the Federal Reserve Act into law.
  • Henry Ford

    Henry Ford
    In 1914, he sponsored the development of the moving assembly line technique of mass production. Simultaneously, he introduced the $5-per-day wage ($110 in 2011) as a method of keeping the best workers loyal to his company
  • The Great Migration

    The Great Migration
    The Great Migration, or the relocation of more than 6 million African Americans from the rural South to the cities of the North, Midwest and West during 1916 had a huge impact on urban life in the United States
  • Tea Pot Dome Scandal

    Tea Pot Dome Scandal
    Teapot Dome Scandal, also called Oil Reserves Scandal or Elk Hills Scandal, in American history, scandal in 1920 surrounding the secret leasing of federal oil reserves by the secretary of the interior, Albert Bacon Fall.During the Teapot Dome scandal, Albert B. Fall, who served as secretary of the interior in President Warren G. Harding's cabinet, is found guilty of accepting a bribe while in office. ]
  • 1st Red Scare (1920s)

    1st Red Scare (1920s)
    “Red Scare” refers to the fear of communism in the USA during the 1920’s. It is said that there were over 150,000 anarchists or communists in USA in 1920 alone and this represented only 0.1% of the overall population of the USA.
  • Warren G. Harding's "Return to Normalcy"

    Warren G. Harding's "Return to Normalcy"
    Return to normalcy, a return to the way of life before World War I, was United States presidential candidate Warren G. Harding's campaign promise in the election of 1920.Although instead of his promise we experienced the roaring twenties. This overall, because the worst economic crisis ever.
  • Jazz music

    Jazz music
    Jazz music influenced all aspects of society. Jazz poetry, fashion, and industry were effected by the basement music that took the United States by storm. Jazz music also exacerbated the racial tensions in the post war period.
  • Langston Hughes

    Langston Hughes
    In 1921 Hughes returned to the United States and enrolled at Columbia University where he studied briefly, and during which time he quickly became a part of Harlem's burgeoning cultural movement, what is commonly known as the Harlem Renaissance.
  • Clarence Darrow

    Clarence Darrow
    The prosecutor was former presidential candidate, William Jennings Bryan, who believed in the literal word of the Bible. It is argued that Darrow outshone Bryan in the trial, but Scopes was found guilty. Darrow also played a big part in the Sweet Case of 1925.
  • Scopes Monkey Trial

    Scopes Monkey Trial
    The Scopes Trial, formally known as The State of Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes and commonly referred to as the Scopes Monkey Trial, was an American legal case in 1925 in which a substitute high school teacher, John Scopes, was accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act, which had made it illegal to teach human evolution in any school.
  • Charles A . Lindbergh

    Charles A . Lindbergh
    Made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean on May 20-21, 1927. Other pilots had crossed the Atlantic before him. But Lindbergh was the first person to do it alone nonstop.
  • Stock Market Crash "Black Tuesday"

    Stock Market Crash "Black Tuesday"
    On October 29, 1929, Black Tuesday hit Wall Street as investors traded some 16 million shares on the New York Stock Exchange in a single day. Billions of dollars were lost, wiping out thousands of investors.This erupted The Great Depression.
  • The Great Depression

    The Great Depression
    The Great Depression in 1929 was the deepest and longest-lasting economic downturn in the history of the Western world. In the United States, the Great Depression began soon after the stock market crash of October 1929, which sent Wall Street into a panic and wiped out millions of investors.
  • Harlem Renaissance

    Harlem Renaissance
    The Harlem Renaissance was the name given to the cultural, social, and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem between the end of World War I and occurred in 1930. During this period Harlem was a cultural center, drawing black writers, artists, musicians, photographers, poets, and scholars.
  • Dorothea Lange

    Dorothea Lange
    She is remembered above all for revealing the plight of sharecroppers, displaced farmers and migrant workers in the 1930. She was a big influence with her Depression-era work for the Farm Security Administration.
  • Prohibition

    In early 1933, Congress adopted a solution proposing a 21st Amendment to the Constitution that would repeal the 18th. It was ratified by the end of that year, bringing the Prohibition era to a close.
  • 20th Amendment

    20th Amendment
    The Twentieth Amendment to the United States Constitution moved the beginning and ending of the terms of the president and vice president from March 4 to January 20, and of members of Congress from March 4 to January 3. It also has means that were determine to be done when there is no president-elect. The Twentieth Amendment was adopted on January 23, 1933.
  • The New Deal

    The New Deal
    When President Franklin Roosevelt took office in 1933, he acted bold to try and stabilize the economy and provide jobs and relief to those who were suffering. Over the next eight years, the government tried a series of experimental projects and programs, known collectively as the New Deal, that aimed to restore some measure of hope and trust to many Americans.
  • “Relief, Recovery, Reform”

    “Relief, Recovery, Reform”
    FDR's Three R's which were "Relief, Recovery and Reform." Required either immediate, temporary or permanent actions and reforms and were collectively known as FDR's New Deal. The many Relief, Recovery and Reform programs were initiated by a series of laws that were passed in 1933.
  • Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

    Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
    The Tennessee Valley Authority is a federally owned corporation in the United States created by congressional charter on May 18, 1933 to provide navigation, flood control, electricity generation, fertilizer manufacturing, and economic development to the Tennessee Valley.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FCIC)

    Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FCIC)
    The FDIC was created in 1933 in response to the thousands of bank failures that occurred in the 1920s and early 1930s. Furthermore, to help with bank closings and money lost. To fix the problem of people losing the money they deposit.
  • 21st Amendment

    21st Amendment
    The Twenty-first Amendment was ratified on December 5, 1933. It is special among the 27 amendments of the U.S. Constitution for being the only one to repeal a prior amendment and to have been ratified by state ratifying conventions.
  • Eleanor Roosevelt

    Eleanor Roosevelt
    When her husband became president in 1933, Eleanor dramatically changed the role of the first lady. Not just willing to stay in the background and handle domestic matters, she showed the world that the first lady was an important part of American politics. She gave press conferences and spoke out for human rights, children's causes and women's issues, working on behalf of the League of Women Voters.
  • Securities & Exchange Commission (SEC)

    Securities & Exchange Commission (SEC)
    The Securities and Exchange Commission was established in 1934 to regulate the commerce in stocks, bonds, and other securities. This help provide the community with their needs and was a program to keep America up and running.
  • The Dust Bowl

    The Dust Bowl
    When a severe drought struck the Great Plains region in 1934, it resulted in erosion and loss of topsoil, because of farming practices at the time.Beginning on May 9, 1934, a strong, two day dust storm removed massive amounts of Great Plains topsoil in one of the worst storms of the Dust Bowl.
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt

    Franklin D. Roosevelt
    In 1935, after the economy had begun to show signs of recovery, Roosevelt asked Congress to pass a new wave of reforms, known as “Second New Deal.” These included the Social Security Act which for the first time provided Americans with unemployment, disability, and pensions for old age and the Works Progress Administration.
  • Social Security Administration (SSA)

    Social Security Administration (SSA)
    The Social Security Act created a Social Security Board , to oversee the administration of the new program. It was created as part of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal with the signing of the Social Security Act of 1935 on August 14, 1935.