Manifest destiny

Ben Hoshko APUSH

  • Period: 1491 to

    Unit 1

    From pre-Columbia to Jamestown
  • 1492

    Christopher Columbus

    Christopher Columbus
    Funded by the Spanish monarchs, Isabella & Ferdinand, Columbus sails west in hopes of finding India. Instead, he found the Bahamas
  • 1494

    Treaty of Tordesillas

    Treaty of Tordesillas
    This treaty divided the world into two colonial spheres of influence; The Spanish received the west, while the Portuguese received the East
  • 1497

    John Cabot

    John Cabot
    An Italian navigator sailing for England's Henry VII. He explored the coast of Newfoundland.
  • 1521

    Fall of Tenochtitlan

    Fall of Tenochtitlan
    Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortes conquers the Aztec Empire
  • 1532

    Conquest of the Incas

    Conquest of the Incas
    Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro conquers the Incan Empire
  • 1534

    Jacques Cartier

    Jacques Cartier
    Sailing for France, Cartier explored the Saint Lawrence River in hopes of finding a northwest passage to India. This region is claimed by France.
  • 1534

    English Reformation

    English Reformation
    King Henry VIII breaks from the Catholic Church and forms the Church of England under Protestantism.
  • 1542

    New Laws of 1542

    New Laws of 1542
    Advocated by Bartolome de Las Casas, the King of Spain ended Native American slavery
  • 1565

    St. Augustine Colony

    St. Augustine Colony
    Established by the Spanish, St. Augustine is the oldest continuous colony in the US
  • Roanoke Colony

    Roanoke Colony
    Established by Sir Walter Raleigh, this colony was found abandoned three years later and has since been known as the lost colony.
  • Jamestown Colony

    Jamestown Colony
    First successful English colony founded by a joint stock company, the Virginia Company. This settlements was chartered by James I.
  • Period: to

    Unit 2

    From Jamestown to the French & Indian War
  • Quebec Colony

    Quebec Colony
    Founded by Samuel de Champlain as the capital of New France
  • John Smith

    John Smith
    John Smith arrives in Jamestown to rescue the struggling colony. Most of his writings are exaggerated and false.
  • Santa Fe Colony

    Santa Fe Colony
    Established as the Spanish capital of New Mexico.
  • John Rolfe & Pocahontas

    John Rolfe & Pocahontas
    John Rolfe landed in Jamestown in 1610, becoming a very successful tobacco planter. He married Pocahontas in 1614.
  • The Plymouth Colony

    The Plymouth Colony
    Separatists looking to leave the church of England came to be known as Pilgrims who sailed on the Mayflower for Jamestown, but landed in Massachusetts. Upon landing, they established the Mayflower Compact.
  • First Thanksgiving

    First Thanksgiving
    Assisted by the local native population to adapt to the new land, the Plymouth colony celebrated the harvest.
  • Period: to

    Unit 3

    From the French & Indian War to Jeffersonian America
  • Period: to

    French & Indian War

    French & Huron vs. British & Iroquois. This was the first global conflict which expanded into Europe (Seven Years' War), the Caribbean, and India. France would lose most of its colonial territory.
  • San Diego

    San Diego
    The first Spanish colony in California started out as a Catholic mission.
  • Period: to

    American Revolution

    From Lexington & Concord to Yorktown, American fought for its independence from Britain with the help of France and Spain
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    The Declaration of Independence is adopted on this day, marking the official break from English rule
  • George Washington

    George Washington
    1st President from 1789-1797. Vice President John Adams
  • John Adams (Federalist)

    John Adams (Federalist)
    2nd President from 1797-1801. Vice President Thomas Jefferson
  • Period: to

    Unit 4

    Jacksonian America
  • Thomas Jefferson (Democratic-Republican)

    Thomas Jefferson (Democratic-Republican)
    3rd President from 1801-1809. Vice President: Aaron Burr (1st Term); George Clinton (2nd Term)
  • James Madison (Democratic-Republican)

    James Madison (Democratic-Republican)
    4th President from 1809-1817. Vice President: George Clinton (died in 1812); Elbridge Gerry (died in 1814)
  • Period: to

    War of 1812

    America declares war against Britain in reaction to British impressment of American sailors to fight against Napoleon.
  • James Monroe (Democratic-Republican)

    James Monroe (Democratic-Republican)
    5th President from 1817-1825. Vice President Daniel D. Tompkins
  • John Quincy Adams (Democratic-Republican)

    John Quincy Adams (Democratic-Republican)
    6th President from 1825-1829. Vice President John C. Calhoun
  • Andrew Jackson (Democrat)

    Andrew Jackson (Democrat)
    7th President from 1829-1837. Vice President: John C. Calhoun (resigned 1832); Martin Van Buren.
  • Martin Van Buren (Democrat)

    Martin Van Buren (Democrat)
    8th President from 1837-1841. Vice President Richard M. Johnson
  • William Henry Harrison (Whig)

    William Henry Harrison (Whig)
    9th President for 1 month (died from pneumonia). Vice President John Tyler
  • John Tyler (Whig)

    John Tyler (Whig)
    10th President from 1841-1845. Became President after Harrison's death. No Vice President
  • Period: to

    Unit 5

    From the Mexican-American War to Reconstruction
  • James K. Polk (Democrat)

    James K. Polk (Democrat)
    11th President from 1845-1849. Vice President George M. Dallas
  • Period: to

    Mexican American War

    Tensions over disputed territory and Texas lead to war, which not only give the US victory but achieve Manifest Destiny with the addition of western territories
  • Zachary Taylor (Whig)

    Zachary Taylor (Whig)
    12th President from 1849-1850 (Died from Cholera). Vice President Millard Fillmore
  • Millard Fillmore (Whig)

    Millard Fillmore (Whig)
    13th President from 1850-1853 (took office upon death of Taylor). No Vice President.
  • Franklin Pierce (Democrat)

    Franklin Pierce (Democrat)
    14th President from 1853-1857. Vice President William R. King
  • James Buchanan (Democrat)

    James Buchanan (Democrat)
    15th President from 1857-1861. Vice President John C. Breckinridge.
  • Abraham Lincoln (Republican/National Union)

    Abraham Lincoln (Republican/National Union)
    16th President from 1861-1865 (assassinated). Vice President: Hannibal Hamlin (1st term); Andrew Johnson (2nd term)
  • Period: to

    American Civil War

    Tensions over Slavery divide the country and lead to secession of the Confederacy. This war between the North and the South began with the siege of Ft. Sumter till the surrender at Appomattox Court House
  • Period: to

    Unit 6

    Westward Expansion and Industrialization
  • Andrew Johnson (National Union/Democrat)

    Andrew Johnson (National Union/Democrat)
    17th President from 1865-1869. Took office following Lincoln's assassination. Impeached by the HOR but not the Senate. No Vice President.
  • Ulysses S. Grant (Republican)

    Ulysses S. Grant (Republican)
    18th President from 1869-1877. Vice President: Schuyler Colfax (1st term); Henry Wilson (2nd term, died 1875).
  • Rutherford B. Hayes (Republican)

    Rutherford B. Hayes (Republican)
    19th President from 1877-1881. Vice President William A. Wheeler
  • James A. Garfield (Republican)

    James A. Garfield (Republican)
    20th President for 5 months (assassinated). Vice President Chester A. Arthur.
  • Chester A. Arthur (Republican)

    Chester A. Arthur (Republican)
    21st President from 1881-1885 following President Garfield's assassination. No Vice President.
  • Grover Cleveland (Democrat)

    Grover Cleveland (Democrat)
    22nd President from 1885-1889. Vice President Thomas A. Hendricks.
  • Benjamin Harrison (Republican)

    Benjamin Harrison (Republican)
    23rd President from 1889-1893. Vice President Levi P. Morton.
  • Period: to

    Unit 7

    Spanish-American War to WWII
  • Grover Cleveland (Democrat)

    Grover Cleveland (Democrat)
    24th President from 1893-1897. Vice President Adlai E. Stevenson
  • William McKinley (Republican)

    William McKinley (Republican)
    25th President from 1897-1901 (assassinated). Vice President: Garret A. Hobart (1st term); Theodore Roosevelt (2nd term).
  • Period: to

    Spanish American War

    Beginning with the explosion of the USS Maine, America and Spain fight in the Caribbean and the Philippines
  • Theodore Roosevelt (Republican)

    Theodore Roosevelt (Republican)
    26th President from 1901-1909 following McKinley's assassination. Vice President: No VP (1st term); Charles W. Fairbanks (2nd term).
  • William H. Taft (Republican)

    William H. Taft (Republican)
    27th President from 1909-1913. Vice President James S. Sherman
  • Woodrow Wilson (Democrat)

    Woodrow Wilson (Democrat)
    28th President from 1913-1921. Vice President Thomas R. Marshall
  • Period: to


    Following events such as the sinking of the RMS Lusitania and the Zimmerman Telegram, America finally joins on the side of the British and French to fight Germany
  • Warren G. Harding (Republican)

    Warren G. Harding (Republican)
    29th President from 1921-1923 (died from heart attack). Vice President Calvin Coolidge.
  • Calvin Coolidge (Republican)

    Calvin Coolidge (Republican)
    30th President from 1923-1929 following death of President Harding. Vice President: No VP (1st term); Charles G. Dawes (2nd term).
  • Herbert Hoover (Republican)

    Herbert Hoover (Republican)
    31st President from 1929-1933. Vice President Charles Curtis
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt (Democrat)

    Franklin D. Roosevelt (Democrat)
    32nd President from 1933-1945 (elected 4 times/died from stroke). Vice President: John N. Garner (1st & 2nd terms); Henry A. Wallace (3rd term); Harry S. Truman (4th term).
  • Period: to


    Following the Attack on Pearl Harbor, the US joins the war on the Allies side to fight Germany, Italy, and Japan. Germany surrendered in May 1945, while Japan formally surrendered in September 1945
  • Period: to

    Unit 8

    Cold War
  • Harry S. Truman (Democrat)

    Harry S. Truman (Democrat)
    33rd President from 1945-1953 following the death of FDR. Vice President: No VP (1st term); Alben W. Barkley (2nd term).
  • Period: to

    Korean War

    The US leads the United Nation's forces to assist South Korea following the invasion of communist North Korea
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower (Republican)

    Dwight D. Eisenhower (Republican)
    34th President from 1953-1961. Vice President Richard Nixon
  • Period: to

    Vietnam War

    Also known as the Second Indochina War, the US took an advisory role from 1955-1964, the primary fighting role from 1964-1973, and an advisory role from 1973 to the Fall of Saigon in 1975
  • John F. Kennedy (Democrat)

    John F. Kennedy (Democrat)
    35th President from 1961-1963 (assassinated). Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson.
  • Lyndon B. Johnson (Democrat)

    Lyndon B. Johnson (Democrat)
    36th President from 1963-1969 following the JFK assassination. Vice President Hubert H. Humbphrey
  • Richard Nixon (Republican)

    Richard Nixon (Republican)
    37th President from 1969-1974 (resigned from office for the Watergate Scandal). Vice Presidents: Spiro Agnew (1st term: resigned because of tax evasion); Gerald Ford ('73-2nd term).
  • Gerald Ford (Republican)

    Gerald Ford (Republican)
    38th President from 1974-1977 following Nixon's resignation. Vice President Nelson Rockefeller. Ford used the presidential pardon for Nixon
  • Jimmy Carter (Democrat)

    Jimmy Carter (Democrat)
    39th President from 1977-1981. Vice President Walter Mondale
  • Period: to

    Unit 9

    Reagan America to Biden
  • Ronald Reagan (Republican)

    Ronald Reagan (Republican)
    40th President from 1981-1989. Vice President George Bush
  • George Bush (Republican)

    George Bush (Republican)
    41st President from 1989-1993. Vice President Dan Quayle
  • Period: to

    Persian Gulf War

    US forces come to the aid of Kuwait after it is invaded by Iraq. Under Operations Desert Shield & Desert Storm, the US would eventually invade Iraq.
  • Bill Clinton (Democrat)

    Bill Clinton (Democrat)
    42nd President from 1993-2001 (Impeached by the HOR but not Senate). Vice President Al Gore
  • George W. Bush (Republican)

    George W. Bush (Republican)
    43rd President from 2001-2009. Vice President Dick Cheney
  • Period: to

    Afghanistan War

    The US invades Afghanistan to remove the Taliban from power and search for Osama Bin Laden
  • Period: to

    Iraq War

    The US invades Iraq to destroy weapons of mass destruction and to remove Saddam Hussein's dictatorial rule
  • Barrack Obama (Democrat)

    Barrack Obama (Democrat)
    44th President from 2009-2017. Vice President Joe Biden
  • Donald Trump (Republican)

    Donald Trump (Republican)
    45th President from 2017-2021 (Impeached twice by the HOR, not by Senate). Vice President Mike Pence.
  • Joe Biden (Democrat)

    Joe Biden (Democrat)
    46th President from 2021-Present. Vice President Kamala Harris.