Baroque Era 1600-1730s/50s

Timeline created by maggiemcinnis
  • Period:
    158
    to

    Schuetz

    middle
    most important german composer of middle age
    composed the first german opera which we lost
  • Period:
    1550
    to

    de'Cavalieri

    early baroque
    one of the founders of opera
    first to publish a figured bass
    organist, singing teacher, dancer, choreographer
  • Period:
    1551
    to

    Caccini

    early baroque
    one of the founders of opera
    gave a new description of singing in the book of "songs"
    italian composer
  • Period:
    1557
    to

    Gabrieli

    early baroque
    Italian composer and organist
    noted for use of instruments in sacred music
  • Period:
    1560
    to

    Viadana

    early baroque
    wrote liturgical monody
  • Period:
    1560
    to

    Praetorius

    Early Baroque
    German organist and composer
  • Period:
    1561
    to

    Peri

    Early baroque
    one of the founders of opera
    claimed to be the first with Dafne
  • Period:
    1561
    to

    Corsi

    Early baroque
    patron and composer
    member of Florentine Camerata
  • Period:
    1562
    to

    Rinuccini

    Early Baroque
    italian librettist and poet
    worked with monteverdi among others
    first librettist for opera
  • Period:
    1562
    to

    Bull

    Early baroque
    english composer and organist
  • Period:
    1563
    to

    Dowland

    early baroque
    english maybe irish
    Sting recorded his music reviving it in 2006
    lutenist and the leading composer of lute music
  • Period:
    1564
    to

    Hassler

    early baroque
    north german lutheran composer and organist
  • Period:
    1564
    to

    Shakespeare

    early baroque
    english playwright and poet
    important from his day to ours
  • Period:
    1567
    to

    Monteverdi

    early baroque
    most important composer of early baroque
  • Period:
    1567
    to

    Campion

    early baroque
    english poet and composer
    imitated florentine monodists
  • Period:
    1568
    to

    Banchieri

    early baroque
    italian composer
    wrote under many pseudonyms
  • Period:
    1570
    to

    Florentine Camerata

    a group of intellectuals that met to discuss arts
    caccini, peri, girolamo mei, vincenzo galilei
  • Period:
    1570
    to

    Rossi

    early
    italian composer of jewish descent
    violinist
    used trio sonata texture
  • Period:
    1571
    to

    Pratetorius

    michael praetorious
    early
    north german composer and organist
    helped to lay the foundation of german organ music
  • Period:
    1580
    to

    Agazzari

    early
    italian composer and organist
  • Period:
    1582
    to

    Gagliano

    early
    italian composer
    one of the important italian musicians in early baroque
  • Period:
    1582
    to

    d'India

    early
    italian composer and singer
    besides moneteverdi, was the most distinguished italian composer of secular vocal works of early baroque
  • Period: to

    Gibbons

    early
    english composer of anglican church anthems
  • Period: to

    Frescobaldi

    early
    first modern keyboard virtuoso and composer
    most influential keyboard composer of early baroque
    first european to focus on instrumental
  • Period: to

    Strozzi

    early
    italian dramatist, librettist, and poet
  • Period: to

    Grandi

    north italian composer
    very important in his time
    wrote church music in new concerto style
  • Period: to

    Schein

    early
    german composer and poet
    influenced by italian madrigal and monody when writing his luteran church music
  • Period: to

    Scheidt

    early
    german composer and organist
    combined counterpoint with newer italian concerto style
  • Period: to

    Francesca Caccini

    daughter of giulio
    first composer to have an italian opera staged outside of italy
  • Period: to

    Merula

    early
    italian composer, violinist, and organist
    among first to composer motets with instrumental string accompaniment
  • Period: to

    Manelli

    early
    italian composer, singer, impresario, and poet
    helped establish the public operatic tradition oin venice with librettist benedetto ferrai
  • Period: to

    Scheidemann

    early
    german composer, teacher and organist
    leading composer in organ music
  • Period: to

    Rossi

    early
    leading composer of roman cantatas
    singing teacher, lutenist, and keyboardist
  • Period: to

    Early Baroque

    Genres: opera, ballet, masses, magnificants, vespers, motets, madrigals, cantatas, oratorios
    Stylistic traits: homophony/polyphony, free rhythm, poetic form, binary form, contrast, markings used now
    Inventions: opera, the oboe
    The end of the Ming Dynasty (1644)
  • Period: to

    Marazzoli

    early
    italian compser, singer, and harpist
    leading composer in his day
    one of the first to comopse comic opera
  • Period: to

    Cavalli

    middle
    italian composer, singer, teacher and organist
    leading composer in venice after monteverdi
    very famous
  • Period: to

    Ferrai

    early
    Italian compser, poet, librettist, and impresario
    established the tradition of public operatic performances in venice with Manelli
  • Period: to

    Carissimi

    early
    leading composer of roman cantatas and oratorios
    teacher of charpentier
  • Period: to

    Du Mont

    middle
    french composer and keyboardist
    experimented with the dialogue motet
  • Period: to

    Froberger

    early
    german composer and keyboardist
    pupil of frescobaldi
    widely traveled and of great influence to Couperin and German keyboard composers
  • Period: to

    Strozzi

    middle
    virtuoso singer and most prolific composer of cantatas in the 17th century
  • Period: to

    Locke

    middle
    english composer of chamber and dramatic music
    organist, very prolific in his day
  • Period: to

    Bontempi

    middle
    italian composer, singer, author, historian and architect
    wrote the first history of music in italian
  • Period: to

    Kerll

    middle
    german composer and organist
    known and admired as a keyboardist
    one of the first composers to create a thematic catalogue devoted to a single composer's works
  • Period: to

    Balzar

    middle
    german violinist and composer
    very popular violinist in england
  • Period: to

    Buxtendhe

    middle
    german organist and composer
    most important organ composer before JS Bach (respected by bach)
  • Period: to

    JC Bach

    middle
    german composer and organist
    most important Bach before JS Bach
  • Period: to

    Charpentier

    middle
    composer of french opera
    pupil of Carissimi
  • Period: to

    Blow

    middle
    french composer of odes
    teacher of purcell
    organist
  • Period: to

    Middle Baroque

    Genres: cantatas, opera, concerto, sonata, trio, ballets
    Stylistic traits: recitative melodies, tonal system, ritornellos, strings dominated
    Inventions: candy cane, pocket watch
    Salem Witch Trials 1692
  • Period: to

    Corelli

    middle
    most important italian composer of sonatas and concertos
    also influential violinist (most) of baroque
  • Period: to

    Pachelbel

    middle
    german composer and organist
    leading composer of his time
  • Period: to

    Steffani

    middle
    italian composer and diplomat
    his chamber duets are important stage of italian vocal music before handel
  • Period: to

    Torelli

    Middle
    contributed the most to the development of concerto around 1700
    wrote for trumpet and strings
    virtuoso violinist
  • Period: to

    Purcell

    middle
    most important english composer of the 17th century
  • Period: to

    Scarlatti

    late
    italian composer
    teacher in naples
    death ends baroque opera
  • Period: to

    Kuhnau

    late
    german composer, keyboardist, theorist, scholar, writer, and lawyer
    left us some early examples of program music
  • Period: to

    Ariosti

    late
    composer in vienna and diplomat in Italy
    teacher and monk, traveled widely
  • Period: to

    Caldara

    late italian composer
    one of the most prolific comoser in hs day
    he paid particular attention to his orchestation
  • Period: to

    Albinoni

    late italian composer who wrote operas and instrumental music
  • Period: to

    Keiser

    late german composer who was the central figure in german opera during this time
  • Period: to

    Vivaldi

    Late italian composer who laid the foundations for late baroque instrumental music
    pioneer of instrumental music
  • Period: to

    Telemann

    late german composer, most prolific german composer of his day, more popular than JS Bach during baroque
  • Period: to

    Rameau

    late french composer and theorist, known first as a theorist
  • Period: to

    JS Bach

    late,
    Baroque master,
    wrote no operas, master of counterpoint, became an icon for future generations and one of the most revered today
  • Period: to

    Handel

    late german musician
    lived in england, inventor of english oratorio, beethoven respected him above all others
  • Period: to

    Scarlatti

    late Keyboard composer and virtuoso, progressive style and aware of it
  • Period: to

    Porpora

    late italian composer and singing teacher,
    taught famous castrati in 18th century
  • Period: to

    Tartini

    late galant italian composer, violinist and theorist,
    important violin teacher and as an assimilator of galant and empfindsam styles
  • Period: to

    Vinci

    late Galant italian composer
    leader (temporarily) for a new style of italian opera
  • Period: to

    Quantz

    late german composer, flutist and flute teacher for Fredrick the Great in Berlin
  • Period: to

    Late Baroque

    Genres: opera, cantata, oratorio, concerto, sonata
    Stylistic traits: fortspinning, basso continuo, steady tempos, 16th notes, polyphony/homophony, binary form
    Inventions: Piano, tuning fork
    United Kingdom formed in 1707
  • Period: to

    Martini

    late italin teacher, composer, and writer, leading teacher of 18th century, surviving letters important to music history
  • Period: to

    Pergolesi

    late galant neapolitan composer, died young and achievements were romanticized after his death,