AP ART

  • 40,000 BCE

    Paleolithic: “Old Stone Age”

    40,000-8,000 BCE in the Near East
    40,000-4,000 BCE in Europe
    Hunter-gatherers
    Nomadic peoples
    Small, portable sculptures
    Cave paintings (images superimposed)
  • 25,500 BCE

    Global Pre

    Global Pre
    Apollo 11 Stones
    Namibia
    c. 25,500 - 25,300 B.C.E.
    Charcoal on stone
  • 15,000 BCE

    Global Pre

    Global Pre
    The Great Hall of the Bulls Cave Paintings
    Lascaux, France. 15,000-13,000 B.C.E. Rock painting
  • 14,000 BCE

    Global Pre

    Global Pre
    Camelid sacrum
    Tequixquiac, Mexico, 14,000–7000 B.C.E., Bone
  • 8000 BCE

    Neolithic: “New Stone Age”

    Neolithic: “New Stone Age”
    8,000- 3,000 BCE in the Near East
    4,000- 2,000 BCE in Europe
    Humans begin to settle
    Domesticate animals
    Beginnings of agriculture
  • 6000 BCE

    Global Pre

    Global Pre
    Running Horned Woman
    Tassili n’Ajjer, Algeria
    6000 - 4000 B.C.E
    Pigment on rock
  • 4200 BCE

    Global Pre

    Global Pre
    Beaker with ibex motif
    Susa, Iran
    4200--3500 B.C.E.
    Painted terra-cotta
  • 4000 BCE

    Global Pre

    Global Pre
    Anthropomorphic stele
    Arabian Peninsula
    4th millennium B.C.E
    Sandstone
    Stele - upright stone or slab
    Low relief or bas relief - design projects slightly from the surface
  • 3500 BCE

    Sumerian Art

    Sumerians rule from 3500 - 2340 B.C.E.
    Made up of independent city-states
    Cuneiform - earliest form of writing developed by 3000 B.C.E.
    Epic of Gilgamesh - early Sumerian poem
    Architecture generally consists of mud-brick
  • 3500 BCE

    Ancient Near Eastern

    Ancient Near Eastern
    White Temple and its ziggurat
    Uruk (modern Warka, Iraq)
    Sumerian
    c.3500-3000 B.C.E.
    Mud brick
  • 3300 BCE

    Global Pre

    Global Pre
    Jade Cong
    Liangzhu, China, 3300-2200 B.C.E., Carved jade
  • 3000 BCE

    Ancient Egypt

    Ancient Egypt
    Palette of Narmer
    Predynastic Egypt
    c.3000-2920 B.C.E.
    Greywacke
    Function
    Palette used for preparing eye makeup
    Symbolic function
    Ceremonial
  • 3000 BCE

    Ancient Egypt Stylistic Characteristics

    Canon of proportions 18/19 grid system or 1:8
    Frontality (twisted perspective)
    Registers (horizontal panels)
    Kohl on eyes
    Kilt like skirt
    Rigidity - no leg separation
    Hierarchy of scale
    Architecture
    Amarna Period
    Elongated bodies
    Curvilinear lines
    Large bellies
    Skinny nose, neck, arms
  • 2900 BCE

    Egyptian Art Periods

    Predynastic Up to C. 2900 B.C.E.
    Early Dynastic (Archaic) C. 3100-2686 B.C.E.
    Old Kingdom C. 2600-2100 B.C.E. (pyramids!)
    Middle Kingdom C. 2000-1700 B.C.E.
    New Kingdom C. 1550-1050 B.C.E. (temples!)
    The Amarna Period C. 1358-1320 B.C.E.
  • 2700 BCE

    Ancient Near Eastern

    Ancient Near Eastern
    Statues of votive figures
    From the Square Temple at Eshnunna (modern Tell Asmar, Iraq)
    Sumerian
    c.2700 B.C.E.
    Gypsum inlaid with shell and black limestone
  • 2620 BCE

    Ancient Egypt

    Ancient Egypt
    Seated scribe
    Old Kingdom, Fourth Dynasty
    c.2620-2500 B.C.E.
    Painted limestone
  • 2600 BCE

    Ancient Near Eastern

    Ancient Near Eastern
    Standard of Ur from the Royal Tombs at Ur
    Modern Tell el-Muqayyar, Iraq
    Sumerian
    c.2600-2400 B.C.E.
    Wood inlaid with shell, lapis lazuli, and red limestone
    peace and war sides
  • 2550 BCE

    Ancient Egypt

    Ancient Egypt
    Great Pyramids and the Great Sphinx
    Giza, Egypt
    Old Kingdom, Fourth Dynasty
    c.2550-2490 B.C.E.
    Cut limestone
    Menkaura
    Khafre
    Khufu
  • 2500 BCE

    Global Pre

    Global Pre
    Stonehenge
    Wiltshire, UK
    Neolithic Europe
    c.2500-1600 B.C.E
    Sandstone
    Tongue and groove
    Mortise and tenon (hole)
    Post and Lintel
  • 2490 BCE

    Ancient Egypt

    Ancient Egypt
    King Menkaura and queen
    Old Kingdom, Fourth Dynasty
    c.2490-2472 B.C.E.
    Greywacke
  • 1792 BCE

    Ancient Near Eastern

    Ancient Near Eastern
    The Code of Hammurabi
    Babylon (Modern Iran)
    Susian
    c.1792-1750 B.C.E.
    Basalt
  • 1500 BCE

    Global Pre

    Global Pre
    Ambum Stone
    Enga Province, Papua New Guinea
    1500 B.C.E
    Greywacke
  • 1473 BCE

    Ancient Egypt

    Ancient Egypt
    Kneeling sculpture of Hatshepsut
    Red granite
    New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty
    Near Luxor, Egypt
    c.1473-1458 B.C.E.
    Sandstone, partially covered into a rock cliff, and red granite
  • 1473 BCE

    Ancient Egypt

    Ancient Egypt
    Mortuary temple of Hatshepsut
    And kneeling sculpture
    New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty
    Near Luxor, Egypt
    c.1473-1458 B.C.E.
    Sandstone, partially covered into a rock cliff, and red granite
    Temple to a PHARAOH
    Temple aligned with the winter solstice
    Mortuary temples:
    Provided rulers a place for worshipping their patron gods in their lifetime (Amun - claimed as her father)
    After death, priests would perform rituals/give offerings to their ka
    Architect: Senenmut
  • 1353 BCE

    Ancient Egypt

    Ancient Egypt
    Akhenaton, Nefertiti, and three daughters
    New Kingdom (Amarna), 18th Dynasty
    c.1353-1335 B.C.E.
    Limestone
  • 1323 BCE

    Ancient Egypt

    Ancient Egypt
    Tutankhamun’s tomb, innermost coffin
    New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty
    c.1323 B.C.E.
    Gold with inlay of enamel and semiprecious stones
    Tutankhamun moved the capital back to Thebes after the Amarna Period.
    Shifted the focus of the country’s worship back to Amun
  • 1275 BCE

    Ancient Egypt

    Ancient Egypt
    Last judgment of Hu-Nefer, from his tomb
    New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty
    c.1275 B.C.E.
    Painted papyrus scroll
    Hu-Nefer - scribe who had priestly functions
    Book of the Dead - “Book of the Coming Forth by Day”
  • 1250 BCE

    Ancient Egypt

    Ancient Egypt
    Temple of Amun-Re and Hypostyle Hall
    New Kingdom, 18th & 19th Dynasties
    Karnak, near Luxor, Egypt
    Temple: c.1550 B.C.E.
    Hall: c.1250 B.C.E.
    Cut sandstone and mud brick
  • 1200 BCE

    Hindu History

    Hinduism has no founder, or date of origin - it is the oldest faith structure in the world. The first sacred texts of Hinduism date from around 1200 BCE, were concerned with the ritual sacrifices associated with numerous gods representing forces of nature.
    The three main gods of Hinduism, based on the idea that evil will be eradicated
    1: Brahma (The Creator)

    2: Shiva (The Destroyer)

    3: Vishnu (The Protector)
  • 1200 BCE

    Global Pre

    Global Pre
    Tlatilco female figurine
    Central Mexico
    1200 - 900 B.C.E
    Ceramic
  • 1000 BCE

    Global Pre

    Global Pre
    Terra cotta fragment
    Solomon Islands, Reef Islands
    1000 B.C.E
    Terra cotta
    Attributed to the Lapita - a migratory people of the Pacific
  • 720 BCE

    Ancient Near Eastern

    Ancient Near Eastern
    Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon II
    Dur Sharrukin (modern Khorsabad, Iraq)
    Neo-Assyrian c.720-705 B.C.E.
    Alabaster
  • 600 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Athenian Agora
    Archaic through Hellenistic Greek
    600 B.C.E. - 150 C.E.
    Plan
    Center of life for the Greeks
    Birthplace of democracy
    Combines buildings for:
    Commerce (stoa)
    Government (bouleuterion & tholos)
    Facilitating private dwellings (fountain house provides water)
    Panathenaic Way
    Links commercial, political, and religious aspects of life
    For the Panathenaic Festival, Athenians processed up to the Acropolis to celebrate Athena’s birthday.
  • 600 BCE

    Archaic Period

    Sculptures include kouros and kore figures
    Characterized by the “Archaic Smile”
    Stylized, geometric hair
    Rigid, grid format similar to the Egyptian canon of proportions
    Pottery includes black and red figured vase painting
    Persian Wars 500-480 B.C.E.
    Athenians defeat the Persians at Battle of Marathon, 490 B.C.E.
    Persian army burns the Acropolis, 480 B.C.E.
  • 530 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Peplos Kore from the Acropolis
    Archaic Greek
    c.530 B.C.E.
    Marble, painted details
  • 530 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Anavysos Kouros
    Archaic Greek
    c.530 B.C.E.
    Marble with remnants of paint
    Kroisos - young military hero (based on an inscription on the base NOT a real portrait - general representation “Archaic smile” - meant to enliven the sculpture 6’4”
  • 520 BCE

    Ancient Near Eastern

    Ancient Near Eastern
    Audience Hall (apadana) of Darius and Xerxes
    Persepolis, Iran
    Persian
    c.520-465 B.C.E.
    Limestone
    No Persian temples - all rituals outdoors
    Most elaborate structures were palaces
    Symbolize power of the Persian rulers
    Multicultural style - Darius brought artists and materials from all over empire
  • 520 BCE

    Etruscan Art

    Etruscan Art
    Sarcophagus of the Spouses
    Etruscan. c.520 B.C.E.
    Terracotta
    Sarcophagus - coffin to hold human remains (These held the ASHES of a married couple)
    Once held objects in hands…possible symbols
    -Man: egg (life after death)
    -Woman: bottle of perfume or pomegranate
    (immortality) Reclining on wineskins - ceremonial sharing of wine at rituals Shows mutual respect between men & women -
    Women - high standing in society (unlike Greece) Archaic smile - like Greece
  • 510 BCE

    Etruscan Art

    Etruscan Art
    Temple of Minerva (Veii, near Rome, Italy)
    Etruscan. c.510-500 B.C.E.
    Original temple of wood, mud brick, or tufa (volcanic rock)
    CELLA -
    the inner area of an ancient temple
    PORTICO -
    a structure consisting of a roof supported by columns at regular
    intervals, typically attached as a porch to a building.
    Little architecture survives - what we know is from descriptions from Roman architect, Vitruvius Minerva - equivalent to Greek Athena Inspired by Greek architecture
    Juno Jupiter and Athena
  • 510 BCE

    Etruscan Art

    Etruscan Art
    Sculpture of Apollo, Veii
    Master sculptor Vulca
    Etruscan. c.510-500 B.C.E.
    Terracotta
    on top of temple of Minerva
    depicts Apollo and Hercules fighting over Artemis's golden hind (deer)
  • 480 BCE

    Stylistic Characteristics of Etruscan Art

    Has motion and vitality (full of life)
    Captured the feeling or essence of their subjects
    Statues
    Terracotta
    Relaxed
    Naturalistic figures
    Temples
    Wood with statues on the roof
    Necropolises
  • 480 BCE

    Etruscan Art

    Etruscan Art
    Tomb of the Triclinium
    Tarquinia, Italy. Etruscan.
    c.480-470 B.C.E. Tufa and fresco
    tufa -
    Compressed volcanic ash
    Triclinium -
    3 couch dining room
    Commissioned by wealthy Etruscans
    -for festive funeral rites
    -celebratory feasting
    -help to transition to the afterlife
    -reinforce socioeconomic position of
    the deceased & their family Checkered ceiling - may resemble fabric tents used for ritual feasting
    Women - light skinned
    Men - dark skinned
  • 460 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Niobides Krater
    Anonymous vase painter of Classical Greece known as the Niobid Painter.
    c.460-450 B.C.E.
    Clay, red figure technique
  • 450 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Doryphoros (Spear bearer)
    Polykleitos
    Original 450-440 B.C.E.
    Roman copy (marble) of the Greek original (bronze)
  • 450 BCE

    Classical Period Greece

    Considered the high point of Greek civilization
    Time period of dramatists Sophocles & Euripides, historian Herodotus, statesman Pericles, philosopher Socrates
    Stylistic Characteristics
    Large freestanding sculpture with figures shown in movement
    Idealized body - human perfection
    Contrapposto - weight shift
    Chiastic - twisting cross balance
    Drapery allows muscles to show through
    1:7 proportion - the “perfect” order (head is 1/7 of the total body)
    Nude
    Timeless youthfulness
  • 447 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Parthenon
    Iktinos and Kallikrates
    c.447-410 B.C.E.
    Marble
    in Acropolis
    Constructed under the leadership of Pericles after the Persian sack of Athens in 480 B.C.E. destroyed the original acropolis
    Built as a Greek temple dedicated to Athena
    Patron goddess of Athens
    Housed a great statue of Athena
    No longer exists
    Originally made of gold and ivory over a wooden core
    Also used as a treasury
  • 447 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Acropolis
    Iktinos and Kallikrates
    c.447-410 B.C.E.
    Marble
    Includes other important pieces
    Located above the Athenian Agora in Athens, Greece on a hilltop: meant to be highest point in the city
    Built after the Persians sacked Athens (and the Greeks won it back) under the direction of Pericles after the original Acropolis was destroyed
    Pericles used tributes from Athenian allies to build and furnish it
  • 427 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Temple of Athena Nike
    Kallikrates
    c.427-424 B.C.E.
    Marble
    in Acroplois
    Nike: goddess of victory
    Commemorative temple
    Celebrated the Greeks’ victory over the Persians at the Battle of Marathon
    Amphiprostyle: four columns in front and four in the back
    Ionic columns
    Frieze depicting events of Marathon victory
    in Acroplois
  • 427 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Victory (Nike) adjusting her sandal
    Temple of Athena Nike (Acropolis)
    c.427-424 B.C.E.
    Marble
  • 410 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Grave Stele of Hegeso
    Attributed to Kallimachos
    c.410 B.C.E.
    Marble and paint
  • 400 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Helios, horses, and Dionysus (Heracles?)
    East Pediment Sculpture, Parthenon (Phidias?)
    5th Century B.C.E.
    Marble
    in Acropolis
  • 400 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Plaque of the Ergastines
    Parthenon (Phidias)
    5th Century B.C.E.
    Marble
    Ergustines: young women in charge of weaving Athena’s peplos (garment) - for the statue of Athena
    Part of a frieze on the Parthenon (total of 360 figures)
    Depicts the Panathenaic Procession - held every four years to honor Athena
    Isocephalism - all heads appear to be on the same level
    Figures in contrapposto
    in Acropolis
  • 400 BCE

    Ancient Rome

    Ancient Rome
    Petra, Jordan: Treasury and Great Temple
    Nabataean Ptolemaic and Roman
    c. 400 B.C.E - 100 C.E.
    Cut rock
  • 300 BCE

    Buddhist Art

    Buddhist Art
    Great Stupa at Sanchi
    Madhya Pradesh, India
    Buddhist; Maurya, late Sunga Dynasty
    c. 300 B.C.E.-100 C.E. Stone masonry, sandstone on dome
  • 300 BCE

    Ancient Rome

    Ancient Rome
    House of the Vettii
    Pompeii, Italy
    Imperial Roman
    c. 2nd Century B.C.E.
    Cut stone and fresco
    Pentheus Room:
    Function - triclinium (dining room)
    *Main scene - death of the Greek hero Pentheus
    Made up of 4th Style Roman wall painting
  • 221 BCE

    Asian

    Asian
    Terra cotta warriors from mausoleum of the first Qin emperor of China
    Qin Dynasty.
    c. 221-209 B.C.E.
    Painted terra cotta
  • 190 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Winged Victory of Samothrace
    Hellenistic Greek
    c.190 B.C.E.
    Marble
    Over 8 feet high
    Theatrical effect - wind-whipped costume, raised wings
    Thought to have memorialized an important naval victory in 191 B.C.E.
    Large open movements of the figure
    Perfect expression of the art of this period
  • 190 BCE

    Hellenistic Period

    Intense emotionalism
    All muscles straining
    Naturalistic/realistic - now portrays age
    Dynamic movement
    Spiral twist
    Depiction of everyday life
    Greater variety of drapery and poses
  • 180 BCE

    Asian

    Asian
    Funeral banner of Lady Dai (Xin Zhui)
    Han Dynasty, China
    c. 180 B.C.E.
    Painted silk
  • 175 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Frieze of Athena from the Great Altar of Zeus and Athena at Pergamon
    Asia Minor (present-day Turkey). Hellenistic Greek.
    c.175 B.C.E.
    Marble
    Base of the altar, illustrates victories of Athena (who is worshipped here)
    Gigantomachy - Battle between the gods & the giants
  • 175 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Great Altar of Zeus and Athena at Pergamon
    Asia Minor (present-day Turkey). Hellenistic Greek.
    c.175 B.C.E.
    Marble
    Tribute to King Atalos I’s victory against the Gauls in 230 B.C.E.
    Reflects king’s wealth & victories - located near the royal

    palace of the city’s acropolis
  • 100 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Seated Boxer
    Hellenistic Greek
    C.100 B.C.E.
    Bronze
    shows harsh realities of being a boxer
  • 100 BCE

    Ancient Rome

    Ancient Rome
    Alexander mosaic from the House of Faun, Pompeii
    Republican Roman c.100 B.C.E.
    Mosaic
  • 75 BCE

    Ancient Rome

    Ancient Rome
    Head of a Roman patrician
    Republican Roman
    c.75-50 B.C.E.
    Marble
    Verism - truthful (veristic portrait) Highly respected virtues:
    Morality
    Devotion to family & public service
    Determination to endure (i.e. battle) Features may have been exaggerated Based on earlier tradition of patrician families - wax death masks made when male head of family died
    Kept in a family shrine, commemorate their
    status and history
  • 75 BCE

    Ancient Rome- Republican Period

    Overthrew the Etruscans & established a constitutional government
    Senate (council of elders)
    Elected 2 consuls (executive rulers)
    All landowners (patricians) at first, later plebeians (farmers, merchants, freed slaves) could be on the senate
    Continued to conquer - Gauls, Samnites, Greek colonists, Carthaginians
    Ends with the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 B.C.E.
    Copied Classical Greek
    Subjects: mythology, gods, battles, emperors
    Architecture:
    Concrete
    Engaged columns
    Arch
  • 70

    Ancient Rome

    Ancient Rome
    Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater)
    Rome, Italy. Imperial Roman.
    70-80 C.E.Stone and concrete.
  • 106

    Ancient Rome

    Ancient Rome
    Forum of Trajan
    Rome, Italy. Apollodorus of Damascus. Forum and markets.
    c.106-112 C.E.
    Brick and concrete.
    Basilica Ulpia and Trajan Markets
    Ulpia - Trajan’s family name
    Main administrative center
  • 113

    Ancient Rome

    Ancient Rome
    Column of Trajan
    Completed 113 C.E.
    Rome, Italy. Apollodorus of Damascus
    Marble
  • 118

    Ancient Rome

    Ancient Rome
    Pantheon
    Imperial Roman. 118-125 C.E.
    Concrete with stone facing.
    Built as a temple to ALL the Olympian gods
    On site of an earlier temple built by Agrippa
    Largest dome structure in the world for 1300 years
    Still the largest unreinforced concrete dome
    Interior originally brightly painted
    Coffers may have had rosette designs to simulate stars
  • 200

    Ancient Rome

    Ancient Rome
    Augustus of Prima Porta
    Imperial Roman
    Early 1st Century C.E.
    Marble
    Found in the villa of Livia, Augustus’ wife May have been commissioned by Augustus in his lifetime OR by Emperor Tiberius, his son PROPAGANDA - meant to celebrate Augustus’ victory over the Parthians
  • 250

    Ancient Rome

    Ancient Rome
    Ludovisi Battle Sarcophagus
    Late Imperial Roman. c.250 C.E.
    Marble.
    By the 3rd century, stability & prosperity of the Pax Romana had been replaced by instability & unrest Possibly a battle between Romans vs. Goths Chaos - reflects the time of troubles in 3rd century
    (Contrast with the calm & order on the Column of Trajan) High relief - more dramatic with more contrast Sarcophagus - marks a change in burial tradition in the 3rd century (cremation → burial)
  • 631

    Islamic Art

    Islamic Art
    The Kaaba
    Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Islamic. Pre-Islamic monument
    Rededicated by Muhammad in 631-632 C.E. Multiple renovations
    Granite masonry, covered with silk curtain and calligraphy in gold and silver-wrapped thread
  • 641

    Buddhist Art

    Buddhist Art
    Jowo Rinpoche, enshrined in the Jokhang Temple
    Lhasa, Tibet. Yarlung Dynasty.
    Believed to have been brought to Tibet in 641 C.E.
    Gilt metals with semiprecious stones, pearls, and paint; various offerings
  • 691

    Islamic Art

    Islamic Art
    Dome of the Rock
    Jerusalem. Islamic. Umayyad.
    691-692 C.E., with multiple renovations
    Stone masonry and wooden roof decorated with glazed ceramic tile, mosaics, and gilt aluminum and bronze dome.
    Holy site to Jews, Christians & Muslims
    Where Adam was created and buried
    Believed to be where Abraham almost sacrificed son Isaac
    Where Muhammad ascended to heaven NOT a mosque, it's a SHRINE
    Marking a sacred spot
    To military & spiritual triumph of Islam over Christianity
  • 700

    Pacific

    Pacific
    Nan Madol
    Pohnpei, Micronesia
    Saudeleur Dynasty
    c. 700-1600 C.E.
    Basalt boulders and prismatic columns
  • 743

    Asian

    Todai-ji
    Nara, Japan
    743 C.E.; rebuilt c. 1700
    Wood with ceramic-tile roofing
  • 750

    Buddhist Art

    Buddhist Art
    Borobudur Temple
    Central Java, Indonesia
    Sailendra Dynasty
    c. 750-842 C.E.
    Volcanic-stone masonry
    Sailendra Dynasty - deified their kings Constructed by 50,000 Javanese - earn religious merit Site eventually abandoned - possible volcanic eruptions or Java’s conversion to Islam
  • 785

    Islamic Art

    Islamic Art
    Great Mosque
    Córdoba, Spain. Umayyad
    c. 785-786 C.E.
    Stone masonry
  • 800

    Hindu Art

    Hindu Art
    Churning of the Ocean of Milk
    Angkor Wat
    Hindu, Angkor Dynasty
    c. 800-1400 C.E.
    Sandstone
  • 800

    Islamic Art

    Islamic Art
    Folio from a Qur’an
    Arab, North Africa or Near East
    Abbasid. c. eighth to ninth century C.E.
    Ink, color, and gold on parchment
    archment - processed animal skin Kufic script - bold, angular and easy to read (most early Islamic texts written in this) Qur’an translates to “recitation” Read from right to left Consonants = script
    Vowels = red dots and smaller symbols 6 gold circles = beginning of the verse (ayat)
  • 800

    Hindu Art

    Hindu Art
    Angkor, the temple of Angkor Wat, and the city of Angkor Thom, Cambodia
    Hindu, Angkor Dynasty
    c. 800-1400 C.E. Stone masonry, sandstone
  • 930

    Hindu Art

    Hindu Art
    Lakshmana Temple
    Khajuraho, India. Hindu, Chandella Dynasty
    c. 930-950 C.E. Sandstone
  • 968

    Islamic Art

    Islamic Art
    Pyxis of al-Mughira
    Umayyad
    c. 968 C.E.
    Ivory
    Pyxis - container for aromatics (perfumes), cosmetics or jewelry Horror vacui - “fear of the empty” Made from a section of an elephant’s tusk - 6 ⅓” x 4 ½” Muslim Spain - Umayyad
  • 1000

    African Art

    African Art
    Conical tower and circular wall of Great Zimbabwe
    Southeastern Zimbabwe
    Shona peoples
    c. 1000-1400 C.E.
    Coursed granite blocks
  • 1000

    Hindu Art

    Hindu Art
    Shiva as Lord of Dance (Nataraja)
    Hindu
    India (Tamil Nadu)
    Chola Dynasty
    c. 11th century C.E.
    Cast bronze
  • 1000

    Asian

    Asian
    Travelers among Mountains and Streams
    Fan Kuan
    c. 1000 C.E.
    Ink and colors on silk
  • 1066

    African Art

    African Art
    Power figure (Nkisi n’kondi)
    Kongo peoples (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
    c. late 19th century C.E.
    1066 - 1067 CE
    Wood and metal
  • 1100

    Pacific

    Pacific
    Moai on platform (ahu)
    Rapa Nui (Easter Island)
    c. 1100-1600 C.E.
    Volcanic tuff figures on basalt base
  • 1200

    Hinduism

    Samsara: the cycle of reincarnation
    Karma: the sum of a person's actions in this and previous states of existence
    Moksha (Hindu) /Nirvana (Buddhism): escape from samsara
    Dharma: the religious duties, moral rights and duties of each individual, as well as behaviors that enable social order, right conduct, and those that are virtuous.
  • 1200

    Islamic Art

    Islamic Art
    Great Mosque of Djenné
    Mali
    Founded c. 1200 C.E.; rebuilt 1906-1907
    Adobe
  • 1250

    Later Islamic History

    Mamluk Empire rules North Africa, Egypt, Syria, Mecca: 1250-1517
    •Ottoman Empire: 1342-1918. Captures Constantinople, 1453; height under Suleiman the Magnificent, 1520-1566
    •Mongol invasions, including capture of Baghdad: 1206-1294
    •Safavid dynasty rules Persia (after Mongol and Timurid rule), 1501-1732
    •Mughals (Mongols) rule India, 1526-1858
  • 1250

    Asian

    Night Attack on the Sanjô Palace
    Kamakura Period, Japan
    c. 1250-1300 C.E.
    Handscroll (ink and color on paper)
  • 1320

    Islamic Art

    Islamic Art
    Basin (Baptistère de St. Louis)
    Muhammad ibn al-Zain
    c. 1320-1340 C.E.
    Brass inlaid with gold and silver
  • 1330

    Islamic Art

    Islamic Art
    Bahram Gur Fights the Karg, folio from the Great Il-Khanid Shahnama
    Islamic
    Persian, Il-Khanid
    c. 1330-1340 C.E.
    Ink and opaque watercolor, gold, and silver on paper
  • 1351

    Asian

    The David Vases
    Yuan Dynasty, China
    1351 C.E.
    White porcelain with cobalt-blue underglaze
  • 1400

    Asian

    Portrait of Sin Sukju (1417-1475)
    Imperial Bureau of Painting
    c. 15th century C.E.
    Hanging scroll (ink and color on silk)
  • 1400

    Asian

    Forbidden City
    Beijing, China. Ming Dynasty.
    15th century C.E. and later
    Stone masonry, marble, brick, wood, and ceramic tile
  • 1480

    Asian

    Ryoan-ji
    Kyoto, Japan
    Muromachi Period, Japan
    c. 1480 C.E.; current design most likely dates to the 18th century
    Rock garden
    dry and wet garden
  • 1500

    African Art

    African Art
    Wall plaque, from Oba’s palace
    Edo peoples, Benin (Nigeria)
    16th century C.E.
    Cast brass
  • 1522

    Islamic Art

    Islamic Art
    The Court of Gayumars, folio from Shah Tahmasp’s Shahnama
    Sultan Muhammad
    c. 1522-1525 C.E.
    Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
  • 1568

    Islamic Art

    Islamic Art
    Mosque of Selim II
    Edirne, Turkey
    Sinan (architect)
    1568-1575 C.E.
    Brick and stone
  • Islamic Art

    Islamic Art
    Taj Mahal
    Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
    Masons, marble workers, mosaicists, and decorators working under the supervision of Ustad Ahmad Lahori, architect of the emperor. 1632-1653 C.E.
    Stone masonry and marble with inlay of precious and semiprecious stones; gardens
  • African Art

    African Art
    Sika dwa kofi (Golden Stool)
    Ashanti peoples (south central Ghana)
    c. 1700 C.E.
    Gold over wood and cast-gold attachments
  • Pacific

    Pacific
    ‘Ahu ‘ula (feather cape)
    Hawaiian
    Late 18th century C.E.
    Feathers and fiber
  • Asian

    White and Red Plum Blossoms
    Ogata Korin
    c. 1710-1716 C.E.
    Ink, watercolor, and gold leaf on paper
    Tokugawa Shogunate or Edo period
  • African Art

    African Art
    Ndop (portrait figure) of King Mishe miShyaang maMbul
    Kuba peoples (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
    c. 1760-1780 C.E.
    Wood
  • African Art

    African Art
    Lukasa (memory board)
    Mbudye Society, Luba peoples (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
    c. 19th to 20th century C.E.
    Wood, beads, and metal
  • African Art

    African Art
    Reliquary figure (byeri)
    Fang peoples (southern Cameroon)
    c. 19th to 20th century C.E.
    Wood
  • African Art

    African Art
    Ikenga (shrine figure)
    Igbo peoples (Nigeria)
    c. 19th to 20th century C.E.
    Wood
  • Pacific

    Pacific
    Staff god
    Rarotonga, Cook Islands, central Polynesia
    Late 18th to early 19th century C.E.
    Wood, tapa, fiber, and feathers
  • Pacific

    Pacific
    Female deity
    Nukuoro, Micronesia
    c. 18th to 19th century C.E.
    Wood
  • Pacific

    Pacific
    Buk (mask)
    Mid to late 19th Century
    Torres Strait (islander People)
    Maubiag Island
    25 in
    Turtle shell, wood, fiber, feathers, and shell
  • Asian

    Asian
    Under the Wave off Kanagawa (Kanagawa oki nami ura), also known as the Great Wave, from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji
    Katsushika Hokusai
    1830-1833 C.E.
    Polychrome woodblock print; ink and color on paper
  • Pacific

    Pacific
    Hiapo (tapa)
    Niue
    c. 1850-1900 C.E.
    Tapa or bark cloth, freehand painting
  • Pacific

    Pacific
    Tamati Waka Nene
    Gottfried Lindauer
    Maori (Nga-ti-toa tribe)
    Auckland National Art Gallery
    1890 C.E.
    Oil on canvas
    40.1’’ x 33.1’’
  • African Art

    African Art
    Female (Pwo) mask
    Chokwe peoples (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
    Late 19th to 20th century C.E.
    Wood, fiber, pigment, and metal
  • African Art

    African Art
    Bundu mask
    Sande Society, Mende peoples (West African forests of Sierra Leone and Liberia)
    19th to 20th century C.E.
    Wood, cloth, and fiber
  • African Art

    African Art
    Aka elephant mask
    Bamileke (Cameroon, western grassfields region)
    c. 19th to 20th century C.E.
    Wood, woven raffia, cloth, and beads
  • African Art

    African Art
    Portrait mask (Mblo)
    Baule peoples (Côte d’Ivoire)
    Early 20th century C.E.
    Wood and pigment
  • Pacific

    Pacific
    Navigation chart
    Marshall Islands, Micronesia
    19th to early 20th century C.E.
    Wood and fiber
  • Pacific

    Pacific
    Malagan display and mask
    New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea
    c. 20th century C.E.
    Wood, pigment, fiber, and shell
  • African Art

    African Art
    Veranda post of enthroned king and senior wife (Opo Ogoga)
    Olowe of Ise (Yoruba peoples)
    c. 1910-1914 C.E.
    Wood and pigment
  • Pacific

    Pacific
    Presentation of Fijian mats and tapa cloths to Queen Elizabeth II
    Fiji, Polynesia. 1953 C.E.
    Multimedia performance (costume; cosmetics, including scent; chant; movement; and pandanus fiber/hibiscus fiber mats), photographic documentation
  • Asian

    Gold and jade crown
    Three Kingdoms Period
    Silla Kingdom, Korea
    Fifth to sixth century C.E.
    Metalwork