American Imperialism (ch 27/28)

Timeline created by Rhino Tornado
In History
  • McKinley Tarrif and the Annexation of Hawaii

    McKinley Tarrif and the Annexation of Hawaii
    The tarrif raised taxes on imports on sugar, especially from Hawaii. The efforts to negate the tarrif led to the start of talking about annexing Hawaii.
  • Cuba Revolts Against the Spanish

    Cuba Revolts Against the Spanish
    The Cuban citizens decided to try to gain independence from Spain through a Revolutionary War. They were successful with support from the United States in the form of technology and supplies.
  • The Explosion of the Maine

    The Explosion of the Maine
    The U.S. Naval ship, Maine, mysteriously exploded in the Havana Harbor. United States authorities had suspicions that it was the Spanish, but nothing was ever confirmed. Still, tensions grew between Spain and the U.S.
  • McKinley Declares War on Spain

    McKinley Declares War on Spain
    After lasting tensions with the Spanish, unhappiness in the general public finally resulted in McKinley declaring war.
  • Dewey's Attack on the Harbor of Manila

    Dewey's Attack on the Harbor of Manila
    Commodor George Dewey, of the U.S. Navy, sailed with a fleet of ships from Hong Kong to the Spanish harbor in the Phillipines. His fleet attacked ten Spanish ships, detroying them all, without taking a single casualty. This was a major victory for the U.S. in the early parts of the war.
  • The U.S. Takes Fort Manila

    The U.S. Takes Fort Manila
    After Dewey destroyed the Spanish fleet in the Manila Harbor, he was halted by the soldiers inside the fort. In August, reinforcements came in from the U.S. and took the fort.
  • Spain Signs Armistice to End the War

    Spain Signs Armistice to End the War
    After several crushing defeats, the Spanish were forced into submission by the United States Army. This Officially ended the war.
  • Hawaii Officially Annexed

    Hawaii Officially Annexed
    Hawaii was officially annexed and became a United State. This gave citizenship to all residents in Hawaii and allowed goods to be shipped from Hawaii without having to pay tax.
  • Italy and New Orleans

    Italy and New Orleans
    Tensions rose in between the United States and Italy after an incident where eleven Italians were lynched in New Orleans.
  • Robert La Follette Gov. of Wisconsin

    Robert La Follette Gov. of Wisconsin
    noted for his support of reform legislation
  • Beginning of Muckraker Movement

    Beginning of Muckraker Movement
    Muckrakers were mudslinging magazine dirt-diggers whose sole job was to dig up dirt on Uncle Sam or fat cats and their big corporations.
  • Newlands Act

    Newlands Act
    Federal law that funded irrigation projects for the arid lands of the west. Made previously pointless land viable for agriculture and living.
  • Anthracite Coal Strike

    Anthracite Coal Strike
    Miners demanded 9 hour work days and a 20% pay increase, but their boss refused to negotiate, and eventually Roosevelt had to threaten the owners with federal troops. Thanks to Roosevelt's participation, a settlement was reached by winter
  • Department of Commerce and Labor established

    Department of Commerce and Labor established
    Its purpose was to investigate and report upon the upon the operations of corporations engaged in interstate commerce. Part of the progressive era reform movements that were anti-corruption and anti-big business.
  • Elkins Act

    Elkins Act
    This legislation ended the common practice of railroads granting rebates to big customers like oil and livestock companies.
  • Nothern Securities case

    Nothern Securities case
    As a part of his “trust-busting” efforts to break up big monopolies, President Roosevelt ordered the Dept. of Justice to take the Northern Securities Company to court for violating the Sherman Antitrust Act. The NSC was a trust set up by JP Morgan and James Hill. The Supreme Court ordered the Northern Securities Company to be dissolved.
  • Roosevelt wins presidency

    Roosevelt wins presidency
    Landslide victory over Alton B Parker. Roosevelt administration became known for it’s recommendations for expansion of federal and executive powers, it’s attention to the beginnings of the natural conservation movement, and belief that a strong defense was the best way to deter wars.
  • Meat Inspection Act

    Meat Inspection Act
    After “The Jungle” was published, everyone was repulsed by the meat industry, so this legislation was passed to prevent adulterated or misbranded meat from being sold as food and ensure that meat and meat products were processed under sanitary conditions.
  • Lochner v New York

    Lochner v New York
    Supreme Court ruled that a New York law setting maximum working hours for bakers was unconstitutional. States cannot interfere with most employment contracts because the right to buy and sell labor is a protected by the 14th Amendment. It led to the abrogation of several progressive era and Great Depression laws regulating working conditions.
  • Hepburn Act

    Hepburn Act
    This was the federal law that let the ICC set maximum railroad rates and extend its jurisdiction. Resulted in the discontinuation of free passes to loyal shippers.
  • Pure Food and Drug Act

    Pure Food and Drug Act
    A result of muckraking attacks on the food industry, this act was passed to protect the public from contamination of food and products identified as healthful without scientific support.
  • "Roosevelt Panic"

    "Roosevelt Panic"
    This was a short economic downturn that was entirely blamed on Roosevelt because od the way he altered the economy with his antitrust legislation as soon as he came into office
  • The Death of Grover Cleveland

    The Death of Grover Cleveland
    On June 24, 1908,Cleveland, who was still in office, finally lost a long battle with cancer.
  • Model T Ford

    Model T Ford
    The first mass-produced American automobile came out. It was an indicator of technological advancement and a prospering economy.
  • Ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment

    Ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment
    Established the direct election of US senators as a result of the progressive era's reform movement.
  • Puerto Rico Given U.S. Citizenship

    Puerto Rico Given U.S. Citizenship
    The residents of Puerto Rico were given full citizenship of the Untied States and promised protection from the U.S. Army
  • Migration to cities/Immigration increases

    Migration to cities/Immigration increases
    By 1920, the majority of Americans were living in cities. A huge wave of immigrants were changing the face of the nation, particularly in cities.
  • Nineteenth Amendment Gives Women the Right to Vote

    Nineteenth Amendment Gives Women the Right to Vote
    At the peak of the progressive era with reformers pushing for women's rights, women gained the right to vote. Reformers were convinced that women would bring greater morality to politics.
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    Chapter 27 & 28

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    Progressive Era

    Major reform time. Reformers were middle class citizens and immigrants that felt that they were being pressured from all sides and had little wiggle room. They were most concerned with social issues like women's suffrage, better working conditions/hours/wages, and the like.
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    Red Scare/Racial Tensions

    As the progressive spirit waned in America after the First World War, isolationist attitudes were revived, and "normalcy" (Americans looking inwards to national culture rather than out to foreign matters) developed into a brutal blame game. Thousands of suspected radicals were jailed or deported and anti-immigrant passions flared. Racial riots scorched many northern citiesin the summer of 1919, and saw the resurgence of the Ku Klux Klan.