American History 1944-1988

  • Smith Act

    It was illegal to overthrow the american goverment.
  • Period: to

    The Cold War

  • GI Bill

    Authroized low-interest mortage loans for ex-serviemen
  • Yalta Conference

    This was dicussing what to do after the war which showed some reluctance from stalin to let Poland hold free elections due to the fact that it proved to be a perfect vantage point to invade the soviet union as Hitler had demonstrated.
  • Franklin Roosevelt Dies

    United States became handicapped diplomatically by the death.
  • Truman becomes President

    He had very little experience with foriegn affairs and was given a major amount information once he took office.
  • Postdam Conference

    At this meeting among the items discussed Truman shared with Stalin the fact that they had developed Nuclear power which Stalin had learned 2 weeks earlier becuase of soviet spies in the U.S.
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman insisted that if Greece and Turkey did not receive the aid that they needed, they would inevitably fall to Communism with consequences throughout the region. Thusly declaring that america would back any country who wanted to fight communism.
  • Loyalty Review Board Formed

    this organization had the legal juristiction to investigate both new
    and experienced federal workers.
  • Jackie Robinson

    became the first african american player to play professional baseball thusly breaking the color barrier forever.
  • Taft Harley Act

    The bill stated that contributions of indivduals couldn't be used in federal elections and that union leaders had to offically declare they were not communist.
  • Little Rock

    A civil rights movement that required armed gaurds to help protect blacks trying to desegregate schools.
  • Marshall Plan

    Provided funds to help the postwar economic infrastructure with economic assistance.
  • Truman Elected President

  • Israel Becomes Country

    Greatly supported by America this would lead to future conflicts with the middle east.
  • Federal Republic of Germany Formed

  • Berlin Airlift

    for nearly 15 months American pilots flew in enough food and supplies for West Berlin to survive. The ultimately resulted in the blcokade to belifted in May 1949.
  • Formation of NATO

    The main provision of the NATO treaty was that an attack on one signatory nation would be considered an attack on all of them.
  • Rise of Mccarythism

    Joseph Mccarthy gave speech announcing he had a list of 205 known communists working within the goverment.
  • The Mccarran internal security act Passed

    under the bill all communist or communist front organizations had to register with the goverment and the members of these groups could not work in any job related to national defense.
  • Checkers Speech

    as a candidate for vice president, Richard M. Nixon appears on national television to defend himself against reports that he had taken $18,000 from his supporters for his personal use and said the only thing he took for himself was hig dog checkers which his family wouldnt give up.
  • America explodes Hydrogen Bomb

    Porved the evident arms race that was occuring during the time period as america was responding to the knowledge that soviet union now pocessed atomic bombs.
  • Dwight Eisenhower becomes President

  • Julius and Ethel Rosenberg exectued for Espionage

    This ultimately lead to more paranoia in America as there was now evidence of espionage occuring whithin the country.
  • Geneva Accords

    A ceasefire was signed and France agreed to withdraw its troops from the region and by 1956 free elctions were to be held in whcih unification of the whole country would commence.
  • Brown v Board of Education

    This court case ruled that seperate was not eqaul and demanded that all schools be desegregated as soon as possible.
  • The Army-Mccarthy Hearings

    Symbolized an end to Mccarythism as it put Mccarthy in the stand and exposed his bullying tactics, and other means of getting so called confessions.
  • Warsaw Pact

    A response to NATO the soviet union formed a similiar alliance with it's satellite nations.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus and this lead to blacks carpooling and the eventual eqaulity on buses.
  • Federal Highway System Created

    forever connected citizens form city to city. It was ultimately created as an easy way to move millitary weapons.
  • Eisenhower Doctrine

    stated that americans arms would be used in the region to prevent communist aggression.
  • Sputnik Explodes

    The hopes of America reaching space seemed low at this point as soviets had already gotten the first man into space and they were lacking behind in what would later become known as the space race.
  • Kitchen Debates

    The Kitchen Debate was a series of impromptu exchanges (through interpreters) between then U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev. This made it evident the insecurity of americans during the era.
  • SNCC Formed

    by young people who had emerged as leaders of the sit-in protest movement initiated on February 1 of that year by four black college students in Greensboro, North Carolina.
  • Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) Formed

    this was the single most radically formed student organization ever formed in american history and they would become the major opponets to the war in vietnam.
  • Kennedy Elected President

    became youngest american president ever at age 43,
  • Trade with Cuba cut off

    Cuba was isolated from america in every way possible including dimploatic relations.
  • Bay of Pigs

    this was a failed attempt to liberate cuba from castro's control which proved to be a terrible failure and became a huge humliation for the beginning of Kennedy's presidency
  • Congress sponsored freedom riders.

    n May 4, 1961, a group of 13 African-American and white civil rights activists launched the Freedom Rides, a series of bus trips through the American South to protest segregation in interstate bus terminals. The Freedom Riders, who were recruited by the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), a U.S. civil rights group, departed from Washington, D.C., and attempted to integrate facilities at bus terminals along the way into the Deep South. African-American Freedom Riders tried to use “whites-only” re
  • First man into space

    Alan Shepard became first man in space.
  • Berlin Wall Built by East Germany

    the Communist East German authorities built a wall that totally encircled West Berlin. It was thrown up overnight
  • First man to orbit Earth

    John Glen became first man to orbit the Earth thusly giving Amercia a new found optimism.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    The Cuban Missile Crisis, also known as the October Crisis, The Missile Scare, or the Caribbean Crisis, was a 13-day confrontation in October 1962 between the United States and the Soviet Union over Soviet ballistic missiles deployed in Cuba.
  • Limited Test Ban Treaty Signed

    banned nuclear weapons testing in the atmosphere, in outer space, and under water.
  • March on Washington

    A political movement where more than 200,000 people marched on washington where Martin Luther King Jr. gave his famous "I have a dream" speech.
  • Soith Vietnamese President Diem Assassinated

  • John F Kennedy assassinated

    caused great controversy and resulted in the mood of new found hope to diminish greatly during the era.
  • Lydon Johson sowrn in as President

    this was due to the fact that Kennedy had been assassinated earlier that day.
  • Civil Rights Act

    The provisions of this civil rights act forbade discrimination on the basis of sex as well as race in hiring, promoting, and firing.
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    authorizing President Johnson to take any measures he believed were necessary to retaliate and to promote the maintenance of international peace and security in southeast Asia.
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    Gave President johnson the power to control the vietnam war without consulting congress.
  • Malcolm X Assassinated

  • Medicare System Esatblished

  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

    outlawed measures such as literacy tests which had been created to keep blacks from voting.
  • NOW Formed

    National Organization for Women was founded by Freidan.
  • HEAD Formation

    Helped provide a way to get ahead for many pre-schools and required funding.
  • Tet Offensive

    Although the vietgong suffered amjor losses and lost the millitaristc point of view they won the political side as many americans viewed the battle as a loss and this drastically swayed public opinon against the war.
  • Kerner Commission Formed

    resident Lyndon B. Johnson's National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders (also known as the Kerner Commission) warned that racism was causing America to move “toward two societies, one black, one white — separate and unequal
  • My Lai Massacre

    Americans were using naplams on villages with innocent civilians in which 300 men, women, and children were massacred.
  • Richard Nixon Elected President

    Richard Nixon soon announced Vietnamzation of the war, which consisted of training the South Vietnamese army and gadually pulling forces out.
  • US Has First Man Walk On Moon

    Kennedy had said at the beginning of his presidency by the end of the decade they would walk on the moon and while he didn't live to see the day it caused great nationalistic pride over this monumental accomplishment.
  • Woodstock Music Festival

    Was an outward manifestation of the "peace and love" rebels of the 1960's.
  • Kent State University

    On May 4, l970 members of the Ohio National Guard fired into a crowd of Kent State University demonstrators, killing four and wounding nine Kent State students. The impact of the shootings was dramatic. The event triggered a nationwide student strike that forced hundreds of colleges and universities to close
  • Pentagon Papers

    The papers revealed that the goverment had decieved the american public and congress about Vietnam as early as 1964.
  • Nixon vistis communist china

    Trade talks were discussed and the biggest deciosn made was the fact that america would support Communist china to the united nations.
  • National Energy Act

    taxed cars that were not energy efficient and deregulated the prices of domestic oil and gasoline.
  • SALT I Treaty Signed

    the first time the 2 superpowers agreed not to produce any more nuclear ballistics and to reduce their arsenals of antiballistic missiles to 200 per side.
  • Watergate Scandal

    The Watergate scandal was a major political scandal that occurred in the United States in the 1970s as a result of the June 17, 1972, break-in at the Democratic National Committee (DNC) headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C., and the Nixon administration's attempted cover-up of its involvement.
  • Ms. Magazine Formed

    attracted thousands of readers which supported the ideals that women deserved the right to vote and gained much support.
  • Roe v Wade

    Court case made it legal for abortion major win for women's rights.
  • Last Soldier Leaves Vietnam

    60,000 Americans had died there.
  • Saturday Night Massacre

    The Saturday Night Massacre was the term given by political commentators to U.S. President Richard Nixon's executive dismissal of independent special prosecutor Archibald Cox, and the resignations of Attorney General Elliot Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus
  • Nixon Resigns Presidency

    with lack of support and the backlash of the scandal nixon finally resigned thusly marking a new era for american politics.
  • Gerald Ford becomes President

  • Nixon Pardoned

    Gerald ford's presidency seemd doomed as soon as he pardoned the previous president of all crimes as he felt in neccesary to move on and forget the past.
  • South Vietnam Falls to Communism

    58,000 Americans lost their lives in this war which seemed rather pointless and ultiamtly resulted in the fall of the country anyways.
  • Jimmy Carter Elected President

  • Jimmy Carter elected president

  • Camp David Accords

    peace agreement between israel and egypt that was mediated by President jimmy carter
  • Embassy of Tehran occupied by Islamic Millitants

    They held hostages for 444 days as they demanded that America release the escaped leader so he could face trial in the middle east.
  • Carter cuts Aid Programs to Soviet Union

    also he refuses american athletes to compete in the 1980's olymipics in moscow.
  • Ronald Reagan becomes President

  • Hostages Released From Iran Control

    the hostages were returned to their families and this lead to a great amunt of national pride.
  • Star Wars Program Formed

    this was created by Reagan to hopefully be able to fire nuclear weapons from space and invent lasers that would be able to shoot down any nuclear weaponn that would be fired at american soil before it got close.
  • Reagan Reelected President

  • Iran-Contra Affair

    Senior administration officials secretly facilitated the sale of arms to Iran, which was the subject of an arms embargo. They hoped that the arms sales would secure the release of several US hostages and use the money to fund the Contras in Nicaragua.
  • Tax Reform Act of 1986

    dramatically reduced federal tax rates.
  • Berlin Wall Taken Down

    as the Cold War began to thaw across Eastern Europe, the spokesman for East Berlin's Communist Party announced a change in his city's relations with the West