Harriet Tubman helped many slaves escape slavery. She used routes that she called the under ground rail road. The slaves would stay at different peoples houses while they were trying to escape. She was never caught during the process of leading these slaves to freedom.
Dred Scott Case
The U.S. Supreme court had declared Dred Scott and all other slaves as property and not as a person. Scott was in a free state where slavery was prohibited and he was not granted his freedom.
Raid at Harper's Ferry
John Brown attacks south slave keepers in hopes that the slaves would help him attack. The slaves had no way to know that Brown was attacking let alone know he was there to help free the slaves.
Lincoln was the first Republican president the United States had ever seen. He wanted to abolish slavery, but never directly said it to the people. Lincoln being elected was a threat to some southern states who then seceded from the Union. This was the start of the war.
After the Union had won the Battle of Antietam, President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. This said that all people who were slaves, were now free men and women.
The Battle of Gettysburg
The battle of Gettysburg was significant because it was the first major victory for the Union. This was also the during point in the war. The victory made people believe we were going to win.
Lincoln addressed the nation before the ceremony for the National Cemetery in Gettysburg. Lincoln did not bash the south for any of there actions during the speech. He honored all the men who were fighting and had died because they were fighting for freedom and bravery.
Lincoln wanted slavery abolished and that is what the 13th Amendment does. It says that neither slavery nor involuntary service will exists in the United States.
Appomattox Court House
Lee's army had been beaten very badly and General Lee realized that there was no way he could win the war and why sacrifice all his men lives. Lee surrendered to General Grant of the Union. The Union Army had officially won the war.
Lincoln was killed 5 days after Lee had surrendered to Grant in the war. He was at a play with his wife and was killed by John Wilkes Booth. He was the first president to be assassinated.
Andrew Johnson Named President of U.S.
Johnson was the Vice President to Lincoln when Lincoln was assassinated. Johnson took over as president and he did not go along with Lincoln's plan. He wanted to help poor whites in the south instead of the free black men and women.
John Wilkes Booth
John Wilkes Booth was a well known stage actor whose shot and killed the 16th president of the United States. He had jumped from the balcony of where he shot Lincoln. The fall broke his leg and soldiers later found him in a barn. He would not surrender and stayed inside and caught the building on fire.
President Andrew Johnson Impeachment
He was to have been involved in high crimes and misdemeanors. He was doing illegal things while as president. Congress had tried to impeach him before and he wasn't because of one vote. He did not do very much as the president.
The 14th Amendment said that all people born in the United States was an American citizen. This meant all the African american people were now seen as people. This was a big step from going from slave to now an american citizen.
The 15th Amendment stated that no U.S. citizen would be denied the right to vote. This meant that women and African American's could now vote. They all also had a say in what the United States would do going forward. This also helped out the north in votes.