Age of Exploration

  • Jan 1, 1415

    Prince Henry the Navigator

    Prince Henry the Navigator discovered and claimed the Madira and Azores island to the west and southwest of Portugul.
  • Jan 1, 1488

    Bartholomeu Dias

    Bartholomeu Dias rounded the tip of Africa. The tip of Africa became the Cape of Good Hope.
  • Jan 1, 1492

    Christopher Columbus

    Sailed the Ocean to try to reach the East Indies, by sailing west across the Atlantic.
  • Jan 1, 1497

    Vasco da Gama

    Following in Dias' footsteps, he lead his ships around the Cape of Good Hope and later reached the Great Spice Port of Calicut on the west coast of India.
  • Jan 1, 1497

    John Cabot

    Italian navigator and explorer whose discovery of parts of North America under the commission of Henry VII of England
  • Jan 1, 1500

    Amerigo Vespucci

    Italian explorer, financier, navigator and cartographer who first demonstrated that Brazil and the West Indies did not represent Asia's eastern outskirts
  • Jan 1, 1500

    Jacques Cartier

    French explorer of Breton origin who claimed what is now Canada for France
  • Jan 1, 1500


    Other European explorers continued to sail the coasts of the Americas, hunting for gold and other treasure, as well as a northwest passage to Asia.
  • Jan 1, 1500


    As many as four million Africans were sent to Brazil that blended European, Native American, and African element
  • Jan 1, 1502

    Francisco Pizarro and the Incans

    he arrived in the Spanish colony of Hispaniola where he later joined the expedition to settle Panama
  • Jan 1, 1505

    Affonso I

    Ruler of Kongo in Central Africa.
  • Jan 1, 1510

    Afonso de Albuquerque

    The Portuguese under his command burst into the Indian Ocean
  • Jan 5, 1510


    the Portuguese seized the island of Goa off the coast of India making it their major military and commercial base.
  • Jan 1, 1515

    Bartolome de Las Casas

    Spanish historian, social reformer and Dominican friar
  • Jan 1, 1515

    Francis I of France

    King of France
  • Jan 1, 1521

    Hernan Cortez and the Aztecs

    Made an exciting landmark victory for the European settlers
  • Oct 5, 1521


    Magellan had claimed the archipelago for Spain
  • Jan 1, 1530

    slave laborers in Americas

    The Spanish began bringing Africans to the Americas as slave laborers by the 1530s. They imported millions of Africans as slaves
  • Jan 1, 1530


    Portugal began to issue grants of land to portuguese nobles who agreed to develop the land and share profits with the crown.
  • Jan 1, 1542

    Laws of the Indies

    spain passed the new laws of the indies which forbade enslavement and abuse of Native Americans but spain was to far away to enforce them.
  • Jan 1, 1543


    the portuguese reached Japan, followed by the Spanish, Dutch and English
  • Jan 1, 1551

    Universtiy of Mexico

    To meet the churches need for educated priests the colonies built universities. The University of Mexico was established as early as 1551.
  • Matteo Ricci

    Jesuit priest who made a particularly strong impression on the Chinese.
  • Merchants

    a group of wealthy Dutch merchants formed the Dutch East India Company.
  • Woman

    Woman wishing on education might enter a convent
  • Tokugawa

    the Tokugawa's had turned against European traders Japan barred all european merchants and forbade Japanese to travel abroad
  • Dutch

    the dutch captured Malacca from the Portuguese and opened trade with China
  • Manchu

    victorious Manchu armies seized Beijing and made it their capital.
  • The Boers

    Dutch Farmers who settled around Cape Town.
  • Lord Macartney

    Arrived in China at the head of a British diplomatic mission.
  • 1500

    Spain claimed a vast empire stretching from California to South America