A Period of Transition

  • Period: to

    A Period of Transition

  • Yalta Conference

    A meeting between the United States, Germany, and Great Britain. They decided to divide Germany into zones and formed the United Nations.
  • Potsdam Conference

    The Potsdam Conference was the last conference of the war and was to clarify agreements previously made in the Yalta Confefrence. Stalin was the only original member of the Big Three left.
  • Independence of Vietnam

    Ho Chi Minh expected that the United States would support the Vietnamese nationalist movement because of the similarity between the American colonies' struggle for independence from Great Britain and Vietnam's independence from France.
  • Morgan v. Virginia

    With the Morgan v. Virginias Trial, the supreme courth ruled that segregated seating on interstate buses is unconstitutional.
  • VIetnam Launches First Attack on France

    Ho Chi Minh declared an independent Democratic Republic of Vietnam which was recognized by communist governments of China, and the Soviet Union. Fighting lasted until March, 1954 when the Viet Minh won victory against the French.
  • Truman Doctrine

    The Truman Doctrine, made by President Trumangave economic and military aid to free nations that were threatened by opponents.
  • Jackie Robinson

    JAckie Robinson became the first African American to play major league baseball. He is hired by the Brooklyn Dodgers.
  • The Hollywood Ten

    The Hollywood Ten was a group of screenwriters and directors in Hollywood who were accused of being associated with communism and were blacklisted. They were banned from working and were seen as criminals.
  • Marshall Plan

    The Marshall Plan was when the United States supplied economic aid to European nations to assist them in rebuilding after World War II.
  • Desegregation of the U.S. Military

    President Truman issues executive order 9981 which requires desegregation of the United States military.
  • Berlin Airlift

    The Berlin Airlift was a response to the Soviets after they created a blockade to keep West Berlin seperate in hopes of keeping Germany divided and weaker.
  • NATO

    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was created in order to unify and strengthen the Western Allie's military response to a possible invasion by the Soviet Union in Western Europe.
  • Vietcong Recieves Aid from China

    The Republic of China and then later on Russia, gave military aid to the Vietcong. Supplies and military forces were sent in to help the Vietong move down the Ho Chi Minh Trail.
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    The cases concerning Brown v. Board of Education made segregation a national issue not just a local issue. These were the main cases that really argued segregation.
  • Nuclear Arms Race

    The Nuclear Arms Race was a competition between the United States and the Soviet Union and their allies. It was a competition for supremacy during the Cold War.
  • The Battle of Dien Bien Phu

    Continuing for almost a year, a heavily armed force of Vietminh invaded the French at Dienbienphu. The Vietminh made it possible for French supplies to arrive by air by using Chinese weaponry and forces to shell the airstrip.
  • Warsaw Pact

    The Warsaw Pact was created so that if any member of the Soviet Union or any of its allies were attacked then they would come to their defense. This included, the Sovet Union, Albania, Romania, Poland, Hungary, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, and Bulgaria.
  • Emmett Till

    A 14 year old boy, Emmett Till was murdered for flirting with a white lady. His murder brought national attention to the brutality against African Americans.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Rosa Parks was arrested on December 1st for not giving up her seat to a white man on a bus. Her actions started the Mongomery Bus Boycott led by Martin Luther King Jr. which consisted of African Americans refusing to ride the bus for an entire year.
  • U.S. Trained South Vietnamese Troops

    The United States military began training South Vietnamese soldiers because they realized that the fastest way to win the war was to mimic the Vietcong's style of Guerilla Warfare.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1957

    This was the first civil rights legislation enacted by congress and gave African Americans the right to vote.
  • Sputnik

    The Soviets had won the Space Race by sending the first man made satellite(Sputnik) into space.
  • First Sit In-Greensboro

    Four African American students started the first sit in of the civil rights movement by sitting at a lunch counter in Greensboro North Carolina and took any of the abuse that they recieved. These sit in movements spread quickly.
  • SNCC Founded

    The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee was founded. This committee was founded by students and its purpose was to organize sit in preotests and political action.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1960

    This civil rights act enabled federal judges to appoint referees to hear out people claiming that state officials had denied them the right to register and vote. This act was ineffective.
  • U-2 Crisis

    A U-2 spy plane crashed near the Soviet Union which gave away the secret that they were being spied on and this had a lasting negative impact on the United States and Soviet relations.
  • The Vietcong is Established

    The Republic of Vietnam established the Vietcong to use Guerilla Warfare tactics in order to win the war. There was no ranking system, uniforms, or badges so they could blend back into the crowd after the attack was complete.
  • Bay of PIgs

    The Bay of PIgs was an attempted invasion by the United States to stop Fidel Castro and to try to take down his communist reign over Cuba.
  • Freedom Rides Begin

    CORE leaders initiate freedom rides which were integrated rides on interstate buses and most protestors were attacked or beaten.
  • Agent Orange-Operation Ranch Hand

    Agent Orange is a code name for one of the herbicides that was used by the United States military as part of the chemical warfare program, Operation Ranch Hand. During this operation, the chemical was sprayed down the Ho Chi Minh Trail and in the Vietnamese forests.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    The Soviet Union had missiles in Cuba and were in a perfect position to attack the United States, but President Kennedy negotiated and agreed to remove all missiles in Turkey if they removed the mssiles in Cuba. This was the closest the world has ever come to a nuclear war.
  • March on Washington

    An estimated 250,000 poeple participate in the march on washington for jobs and freedom. This is the largest mass demonstration for civil rights even to date.
  • Operation Rolling Thunder

    Operation Rolling Thunder was the title of the United States 2nd air division, U.S. Navy and Republic of Vietnam Air Force aerial attack campaign against North Vietnam during the Vietnam War.
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    The Golf of Tonkin Resolution authorized military action in Southeast Asia and North Vietnamese torpedo boats in the Guld of Tonkin were alleged to have attacked U.S.destroyers. President Lyndon B. Johnson and his advisors decided upon immediate air attacks on North VIetnam.
  • Voting Rights March

    Protestors, organized by the SCLC led by Martin Luther King Jr. marched 54 miles from Selma to Montgomery under military protection.
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

    President Johnson signs the voting rights act of 1965 which outlaws registration tests and other criteria that had been used to block African American voters.
  • Tet Offensive

    The Tet Offensive was a series of surprise attacks by the Vietcong and North Vietnamese forces on major cities, towns, and military bases throughout Southern Vietnam.
  • Battle of Hue

    The United States and South Vietnamese forces tried to recapture the site siezed by the North Vietnamese during the Tet Offensive. U.S. and South Vietnamese won the battle.
  • The Paris Peace Accords

    The Paris Peace Accords were intended to establish peace in Vietnam and to put an end to the Vietnam War. Instead it ended direct U.S. military involvement and temporarily stopped the fighting between North and South Vietnam.
  • The Last U.S. Troops are Withdrawn from Vietnam

    The United States withdrew from Vietnam after the signing of the Paris Peace Accords. All U.S. troops were evacuated 24 hours prior to the final attack on Saigon.
  • North Vietnam Launches Assult on South Vietnam

    North Vietnamese forces began their final attack on Saigon with heavy artillery bombardment. North Vietnam troops ended up occupying all major buildings within the city and raised their flag over South Vietnam.