Supreme Court Milestone Timeline

  • Creation of Supreme Court

    Creation of Supreme Court
    The United States Supreme Court is the head of the judicial branch. The main purpose is to make sure that all the decisions that are made are constitutional. Supreme Court Justice deciphers laws and makes sure that America remains a land governed by the one guiding principle. The constituion.
  • John Jay

    John Jay
    John Jay was the first cheif Justice of the United States. Comissioned the Jay Treaty with great Britain which greatly improved the realationship with United States and Great Britain.
  • John Marshall

    John Marshall
    As the longest serving Supreme Court Chief Justice in history, John Marshall established that the supreme court has the right to excrsise judicial review, the power to strike down laws that violate the constituion. He confirmed the supremacy of federal law over state law and supported an expansive reading of the enumerated powers.
  • Marbury v. Madison

    Marbury v. Madison
    William Marbury petitioned the supreme court to force Madison to deliver the commison that Marbury had been denied when he was appointed to Justice of the Peace in DC. But with John Marshall as chief justice, the court denied Marbury's petition and ruled in favor of Madison becasue they found it to be "unconstitutional" based on the statue on which he based his claim.
  • Fletcher v. Peck

    Fletcher v. Peck
    Was one of the first cases in which the supreme court ruled a state law as unconstitutional. Fletcher bought land from Peck, then took Peck to trail saying that he did not have the clear title to the land when he sold it. Peck had bought the land under the 1795 act, which divided the land that is now Mississippi and Alabama into four tracts and sold them to private land buyers.
  • Dartmouth College v. Woodward

    Dartmouth College v. Woodward
    One of the first court cases dealing the the Contract Clause of the United States Constiution to private corporations. The president of Dartmouth College was fired by the trustees of the college which led to the new Hampshire legislature attempting the college to become a public institution which would ultimatley place the ability to apoint trustees to the government.
  • McCulloch v. Maryland

    McCulloch v. Maryland
    Marylnad tried to impede the operation of a branch of the Second Bank of the United States. The state tried to put a tax on all banknotes of banks not chartered in Maryland. Court used the Necessary and Proper Clause of the Constitution, whici provide the federal government the pwoer to apss laws provided for in the Constitutions list of express powers.
  • Gibbons v. Ogden

    Gibbons v. Ogden
    Robert R. Livingston and Robert Fulton were granted exclusive navigation of all the waters within the jurisdiction of the state, with only boats powered by fire or steam. The two gave Ogden a license to also operate boats powered by fire or steam. Gibbons, who operated a competing steam boat business. Ogden asked that the state not allow Gibbons to operate in the waters. The court ruled in favor of Ogden and restricted him from operating in the waters within the jurisdiction fo the state.