Great depression photograph

The Great Depression

  • Prohibition Begins

    Prohibition Begins
    By 1917 much of America already lived in areas that banned alcohol. People, mainly women, believed alcohol was bad and shouldn't be allowed. They said it caused men to become abusive and it caused liver disease. Congress passed the Eighteenth Amendment in 1919, which made manufacturing and selling of alcohol illegal.
  • Teapot Dome Scandal

    Teapot Dome Scandal
    Albert Fall was the Secretary of Interior at the time of the Teapot Dome Scandal. Fall got hold of oil in Elk Hills, California and Teapot Dome, Wyoming. He then took bribes from private oilmen and let them have the oil instead of using it as emergency oil stock for the navy as it was supposed to be. In 1924 the scandal was revealed and Fall went to prison.
  • President Coolidge is elected

    President Coolidge is elected
    Calvin Coolidge was the United States's Vice President when President Harding passed away from a heart attack. Coolidge's father, a Justice of the Peace, immediately swore him in as President of the United States.
  • The Spirit of St. Louis starts its flight

    The Spirit of St. Louis starts its flight
    Charles Lindbergh was the first pilot to fly non-stop and alone across the Atlantic Ocean in a single-engined plane. He took of from Long Island, New York and headed to Paris, France. The flight would take over 33 hours.
  • The Spirit of St. Louis ends its flight

    The Spirit of St. Louis ends its flight
    When Lindbergh landed he said, "Well, I made it." He was instantly famous when he reached Paris. He became a large news story and recieved the nicknames, "Lucky Lindy" and "Lone Eagle".
  • President Hoover is elected

    President Hoover is elected
    Herbet Hoover was a Republican candidate. He ran against Alfred E. Smith but had no competition. He easily beat Smith by promising the people he would end U.S. poverty and keep the "roaring twenties" going.
  • Black Tuesday

    Black Tuesday
    People began to buy stock using loans so that they could make a quick profit. However, this increased stock prices significantly and caused to stock market to start to crash. People began to sell their stock to get their money. The day that the stock market finally crashed and billions of dollars were lost became known as Black Tuesday.
  • Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act

    Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act
    The Hawley-Smoot Act increased prices on foreign imports. The U.S. government wanted to help America by protecting them from foreign trade. However, this plan backfired and caused the destruction of international trade.
  • President Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected

    President Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected
    With over one-fourth of the nation unemployed and the people blaming Hoover, Roosevelt had an easy chance at winning the election. Roosevelt was the Democratic candidate and won by over seven million votes.
  • Bonus Army March

    Bonus Army March
    The Bonus Army was a group of veterans from World War I, who demanded from Congress the bonus they'd been promised. They began to protest until Congress gave in.
  • Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)

    Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
    The CCC was created by President Roosevelt. It provided jobs for over 2 million men. It was part of Roosevelt's New Deal plan and helped to crate better living conditions and job opportunities.
  • Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

    Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
    The Tennessee River Valley was a very unwealthy place. Not many people had essential items such as electricity and running water. Congress created the Tennessee Valley Authority to build dams, plant trees, create jobs so that the unemployement rate would decrease and more.
  • FDIC

    Banks were in serious need of help after the Great Depression. The FDIC was an act that insured bank deposits up to five thousand dollars and it helped restored people's confidance in banks. They no longer feared they'd lose their life's savings.
  • Prohibition Ends

    Prohibition Ends
    People called bootleggers illegally sold alcohol to any and all who were willing to buy it. Prohibition increased the rate of organized crime because people still wanted to drink and would find a way to do so. In 1933 the Twenty-first Amendment made drinking legal again.
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    Dust Bowl Years

    Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, New Mexico, and Colorado became known as the dust bowl. They were hit hardest by the wind and dust storms. The dust storms started due to lack of grass, not rotating crops, and drought.
  • Works Progress Administration (WPA)

    Works Progress Administration (WPA)
    This group helped the nation by employing over 8 million people to do jobs such as building highways and harbors.
  • Social Security Act

    Social Security Act
    This Act created pension for retired people, gave insurance to people who lost their jobs, and it gave financial aid to people who were hurt on the job. It also provided aid to widows, mothers and children, the blind, and disabled.
  • The Beginning of World War II

    The Beginning of World War II
    The beginning of this war symbolized that America was coming out of the depression. America joined due to the attack on Peral Harbor. It was one of the most devastating and bloody wars.