Migrant mother

The Great Depression

  • Prohibition Begins (18th Amendment)

    Prohibition Begins (18th Amendment)
    Before the 18th amendment went into effect on January 16, 1920, there had already been several state laws passed to ban liquor and "go dry", meaning they wouldnt sell, import, transport, or make any sort of liquor, and over 50% of the continental U.S already had the laws in place. However 18th Amendment was the offical nationwide beginning of Prohibition.
  • The Teapot Dome Scandal

    The Teapot Dome Scandal
    This was the date that the Senate met to discuss the Teapot Dome Scandal. U.S. Secretary of Interior Albert Hall convinced the U.S. Secretary of Navy to give him control of some oil fields that were being preserved for use by the Navy in times of trouble. Once he had control, he leased them to other oil companies who gave him bribes to continue leasing to them. This was one of the earliest examples of government corruption in American history.
  • Calvin Coolidge becomes president

    Calvin Coolidge becomes president
    On Wednesday, March 4, 1925, Calvin Coolidge was inaugurated into office as the president of the United States of America. It was the first time an inauguration had been broadcast over a radio.
  • The flight of The Spirit of St.Louis

    The flight of The Spirit of St.Louis
    On May 20, 1927 at 7:52am, Charles Lindbergh began his 33 hour and 30 minute flight across the Atlantic Ocean from New York to Paris. He arrived in Paris on May 21, 1927 at 5:22 pm. This was the first ever transatlantic flight.
  • Herbert Hoover is elected president

    Herbert Hoover is elected president
    On March 4, 1929, Herbert Hoover was elected president.
  • Black Tuesday

    Black Tuesday
    Black Tuesday was the day that the stock market crashed because of a rumor that went around saying that the banks did not have the money to pay people their savings. Everyone withdrawled their money from the banks, shutting down most of the banks in the U.S. This was also the start of the Great Depression.
  • the Hawley - Smoot Tarrif Act

    the Hawley - Smoot Tarrif Act
    President Hoover signed this act even though almost everyone in America was against it. It caused a sharp decline in U.S. foreign trade and put even more taxes on the farmers. It was supposed to help them, but it didnt. At all.
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    The Dust Bowl

    In the beginning of the 1930's the Great Plains area was struck by bad droughts and the soil was destroyed because the farmers didnt rotate the crops. So in 1932 and '33 the first dust storms started appearing, but didnt get really bad until around 1934. Storms got progressively worse, and they even experienced several other kinds of severe weather until it started dissapating between 1936 and 1938.
  • The Bonus Army march of 1932

    The Bonus Army march of 1932
    The Bonus Army originally consisted of about 1,000 veterans of WW1 who were seeking their bonuses promised by the government for serving. In order to please them, the government passed an act that said they would get their payments in a couple years, but because of the Depression they wanted their bonuses right then, so that it could help them. President Hoover used military force to remove them from Washington.
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes president

    Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes president
    On Saturday, March 4, 1933, Franklin Delano Roosevelt was elected president of the United States of America.
  • Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)

    Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
    The CCC was created by Roosevelt as a part of his New Deal plan. The main purpose was to create jobs to help pull the country out of the Great Depression. Its other main purpose was to save the natural resources like trees, especially in the area affected by the Dust Bowl. So the men who were enlisted in the CCC planted something like 3billion trees between 1933 and 1942.
  • signing of the Tennessee Valley Authority(TVA) Act

    signing of the Tennessee Valley Authority(TVA) Act
    TVA was a part of Roosevelt's plan called New Deal. He planned for it to pull Tennessee out of poverty by helping with floods and reforesting and help with agricultural and industrial developement. He wanted this to work and serve as an example for the rest of the country. It was one of the biggest parts of New Deal.
  • Creation of the FDIC

    Creation of the FDIC
    The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) was created as a part of the Banking Act of 1933. It was supposed to get the people to trust the banks again by insuring their deposits and preventing other economic crisises like Black Tuesday and The Great Depression. It is still being used today.
  • End of Prohibition (21st Amendment)

    End of Prohibition (21st Amendment)
    Because the crime rates soared and so many Americans were against Prohibition anyways, the government finally repealed the 18th Amendment with the 21st Amendment. This made alot of people VERY happy. :)
  • creation of the WPA

    creation of the WPA
    The Works Progress Administration was created under the Emergency Relief Appropriation Act of 1935 by executive order. Its main goal was to provide jobs for people who could be employed, thus helping relieve some of the poverty caused by the depression. On June 30, 1943, eight years after its start, the WPA terminated because of the wartime prosperity.
  • Social Security Act

    Social Security Act
    This act was to help improve peoples health. It used taxes on peoples wages to provide a type of insurance. It also helped the blind, children, and the unemployed. Before this, elderly people would usually face poverty after they retired, but once Social Security was created they didnt have to worry so much.
  • The start of WW2

    The start of WW2
    It started when Germany invaded Poland and continued to expand until all of the great world powers were fighting. It caused the American economy to improve drastically and ultimately come out of the Great Depression. Because the U.S. didnt have to experience the destruction of the war, their economy boomed and became the leading military power in the world from all of their extra military production.