Period: Jan 1, 1500 to
Mar 27, 1507
Copernicus's Commentariolus begins to be circulated.is Nicolaus Copernicus's forty-page outline of an early version of his revolutionary heliocentric theory of the universe. he wrote commentariolus some time befor 1514 and gave it out to his colleagues and friends
Oct 13, 1517
Luther starts the ReformationIn 1517 Luther decided to take a public stand against the actions of
a friar named Johann Tetzel. Tetzel was raising money to rebuild St.
Peter’s Cathedral in Rome. He did this by selling indulgences. An
indulgence was a pardon. It released a sinner from performing the
penalty such as saying certain prayers that a priest imposed for sins. Indulgences were not supposed to affect God’s to the judge
Unfortunately, Tetzel gave people the impression that by buying indulgences, they could buy their
Jan 7, 1527
Council of Trent. Counter-reformation begins.Such reforms included the foundation of seminaries for the proper training of priests in the spiritual life and the theological traditions of the Church, the reform of religious life by returning orders to their spiritual foundations, and new spiritual movements focusing on the devotional life and a personal relationship with Christ, including the Spanish mystics and the French school of spirituality. It also involved political activities that included the Roman Inquisition.
Jan 7, 1543
Copernicus Heliocentric model of the universeIn a book that he made called "On The Revolutions of Heavenly Bodies" Corpernicus proposed that the sun was the middle of the Solar System and not the earth and then he made a model of it and he called it the Heliocentiric Model
Willam Gilbert: Earths Magnetic FeildWillam is know for his work with magnetic fields. He observed that magnetci field lines around a bar magnet which can be drawn with smaller magnet. He was the first to discover that the cause of earths magnetic field was internal not external.
Johaness Kepler First two laws of planetary motion1.the orbit of every planet is an eclipse with the sun at one of the to foci
2. a line joining a planet and the sun sweeps out equal areas during equal itravlas of time
3. the square of the orbital period of a planet is directly porprtional to the cube of the semi-major axis of its orbit
Galileo Galilei: Sidereus Nuncius Telescopic observationshe published his first initial astromical observations in March 1610 in a brief tresties entitled Sidereus Nuncius. He observed with his telescope what he described at the time as "three fixed stars" totally invisible by there smallness
Willam Havery: Blood Circulationhe saw that the blood acted like as a pump. pushing the blood throughout the body. Harvey saw that the one-way valves described by Fabricius meant the blood could only flow in one direction.
Evangelista Torricelli Barometera barometer is a scientific instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure. it can mesuare pressure cause by the pressure exerted by weather.
Nweton Laws of motion, Laws of universal gravitationFirst Law: Everybody remains in a state of rest or uniform motion
second Law: A body of mass m subject to a force F undergoes an acceleration a that has the same direction as the force and a magnitude that is directly proportional to the force and inversely proportional to the mass
Third Law:The mutual forces of action and reaction between two bodies are equal, opposite and collinear.