Chapter 25 A.P. History

By leena28
  • Period: to

    Transition to Modern America

  • The rise of the KKK

    The rise of the KKK
    William Simmons and thirty-five followers founded the modern Klan. Only the native born, white, gentile Americans were allowed to join. The modern Klan wasn't just antiblack, they were also against aliens, Jews and Catholics.
  • Eighteenth Amendment

    Eighteenth Amendment
    Congress ratified the amendment in 1919. It prohibited the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages. Urban resistance to prohibition finally led the amendment's repeal in 1933.
  • Palmer Raids

    Palmer Raids
    Attorney General Palmer led the attack on the alien threat. Palmer launched a series of raids that began on November 7. Federal agents seized suspected anarchists and communists and held them for deportation with no regard for due process of law. 249 aliens were sent to Russia and nearly all were innocent of the charges against them.
  • Red Scare comes

    Red Scare comes
    The Russian Revolution and the triumph of Marxism frightened many Americans. A growing turn to communism amoung American radicals accelerated these fears. This caused an intense out break of national alarm called the red scare.
  • Volstead Act

    Volstead Act
    The act came into effect because of the of the prohibition amendment. The act banned most commercial production and distribution of beverages containing more than one-half of 1 percent of alcohol by volume.
  • Nineteenth Amendment

    Nineteenth Amendment
    The passage of this amendment gave women the right to vote.
  • Election of 1920

    Election of 1920
    The Republican candidate, Warren Harding is elected. During his campaign, he urges the country to return to normalcy, traditional Republican policies.
  • Andrew Mellon's budget cut

    Andrew Mellon's budget cut
    He was Secretary of the Treasury from 1921-1932. Mellon, using the new budget system adopted by Congress in 1921, reduced government spending from its WWI peak of 18 billion to just over 3 billion by 1925.
  • Sheppard-Towner Act

    Sheppard-Towner Act
    Social feminists pushed for humnitarian refomr and won the enactment of this act. It provided for federal aid to establish state programs for maternal and infant helath care.
  • Teapot Dome Scandal

    Teapot Dome Scandal
    Harding's Secretary of the Interior Albert Fall, was convicted of accepting bribes in exchange for leasing government-owned oil lands in Wyoming and California to private oil businessmen.
  • Fordney-McCumber Tariff Act

    Fordney-McCumber Tariff Act
    The act was a post-World War I Republican defense against expected Europeans exports.
  • Harding's death

    Harding's death
    President Harding dies of a heart attack in 1923. Vice President Calvin Coolidge assumes the presidency.
  • Equal Rights Amendment

    Equal Rights Amendment
    One group of activists, the National Woman's Party, lobbied for full rights under the law. The NWP succeeded in having this amendment introduced to Congress. The amendment stated that men and women shall have equal rights throughout the United States and every place subject to its jurisdiction. Most women organizations opposed the amendment and it failed in the 1920s.
  • National Origins Quota Act

    National Origins Quota Act
    This law established a quota system to regulate the influx of immigrants to America.
  • Scopes Trial

    Scopes Trial
    The trial was a contest between modern liberalism and religious fundamentalism. John Scopes was on trial for teaching Darwinism evolution in defiance of a Tennessee state law. He was found guilty and fined 100 dollars until the appeal.
  • The fall of the KKK

    The fall of the KKK
    The Klan fell even more quickly than it rose. Its more violent activities began to offend the nation's conscience. Membership declined sharply after 1925 and by the end of the decade, the Klan had virtually disappeared.
  • Charles Lindbergh's flight

    Charles Lindbergh's flight
    Lindebergh flew non-stop across the Atlantic from New York to Paris, France. Instantly, Lindbergh became a national idol.
  • The trial of Sacco and Vanzetti

    The trial of Sacco and Vanzetti
    Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were italian aliens who were arrested in May 1920 for a payroll robbery and murder. They were condemned in court more by more what they believed in that the evidence that was given. They were killed in the electric chair.
  • Farm-price bill

    Farm-price bill
    In order to solve overproduction, farmers wanted to raise domestic crop prices by having the government sell the surplus overseas at low world prices. President Coolidge vetoes the legislation on grounds that it involved unwarranted government interference in the economy.
  • Election of 1928

    Election of 1928
    Republican, Herbert Hoover, won the election by more than 6 million votes. Even though it was such a huge loss for the Democrats, they still gained huge control in the cities.