The American Civil War

  • Period: to

    American Civil War

  • Election of 1860

    The Election of Abraham Lincoln caused the South to leave the Union. Lincoln had the support of every one of the Northern States. Although his opponent recieved more popular votes, Douglas was left with a few electoral votes from the border states.
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter was held by federal troops and claimed by a seceeded state. When supplies were cut off, Lincoln sent provisions to the fort. The south then attacked and captured Sumter. The president handled this by using volunteers to end the rebellion, allowing money to be spent, and suspending privilages.
  • Winfield Scott and the Anaconda Plan

    The General-in-Chief, Winfield Scott, created the Anaconda Plan. The plan was to blockade Confederate ports and to surround them. This plan was named "Anaconda" because of the way that the snake kills its prey. The Union wanted to weaken the Confederates by creating the blockade.
  • The Battle of Bull Run

    The battle of Bull Run was the first major battle of the Civil War. General Winfield Scott sent poorly trained Union troops to advance against the Confederate army. The Union was successful in winning the first battle, However, the second battle of Bull Run was won by the Confederate forces.
  • Ulysses S. Grant

    Ulysses S. Grant used gunboats and army maneuvers to capture Fort Henry and Fort Donelson.
  • Monitor and Merrimac

    The Monitor was a Union Ship and the Merrimac was the Confederate ship. These two ships fought for five hours in Virginia. This battle ended in a draw.
  • Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson

    Thomas Jackson was the general for the confederate army. He was nicknamed "Stonewall" after the first battle of Bull Run.
  • Jefferson Davis reassigns the commander of the army

    One of Jefferson Davis' most successful actions as president was replacing Joseph E. Johnston with Robert E. Lee to lead the confederate army.
  • Battle of Antietam

    The Battle of Antietam was known as the bloodiest day of the enitre war. Union forces attacked Confederate soldiers at Antietam Creek in Sharpsburg, Maryland. The Union beat the Confederates.
  • Battle of Fredericksburg

    The Union army attacked the Confederates in Fredericksburg, Virginia.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    The Emancipation Proclamation was an order issued by Abraham Lincoln, freeing thousands of slaves. The proclamation did not cover the slaves in the slave-holding border states that had never declared a secession.
  • Robert E. Lee

    Robert E, Lee was the commander of the confederate army. Robert's stratigies helped defeat several Union commanders during the war.
  • Battle of Vicksburg

    This battle was held at Warren County, Mississippi, where thousands of the Confederate soldiers were killed or wounded and thousands of others were captured. The Confederates then surrended to the Union.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Abraham Lincoln presented a speech known as the Gettysburg Address four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at Battle of Gettysburg.
  • Sherman’s March

    General William Tecumseh Sherman marched the army through Georgia, destroying everything that the Confederates needed to survive. His goal was to make the army weak; He succeded.
  • Battle at Appomattox Court House

    The Battle at Appomattox Court House was one of the last battles of the American Civil War. When Robert E. Lee realized that his army was backed up by two corps of the Union army, he had no choice but to surrender.
  • Lincoln’s Assassination

    Abraham Lincoln was shot at Ford's Theater by John Wilkes Booth who was trying to anger Confederate troops enough to continue the fighting. Lincoln was shot on the Good Friday of 1865 and died the next day. He was the first American president to be assassinated.