The American Civil War

  • Jefferson Davis

    Jefferson Davis
    After resinging the senate in 1860, he joined the secessionists. The congress of the Confederate States chose him as president. In 1862 he was elected by popular vote. After the defeat in the war he was captured in Georgia (May 10 1865) and put in jail with treason. After two years in jail he was released due to a bail and lived the rest on his life in Mississippi working unil 81.
  • Robert E. Lee

    Robert E. Lee
    Was first cmmander for the Virginia forces. He was blamed for the Confederate set backs. For digging trenches aroung the capitol he was called the "King of Spades". He became general-in-chief of the Confederate forces on January 31, 1865. After loosing the war, he lost the right to vote and some of his property. He supportted Johnson's Reconstruction Plan and joined the Democrates and oppesed Republicans. He was president of Washington College until his death.
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter was controlled by the Union Arny, but it was claimed by South Carolina. This cut off supplies for Carolina. Linccoln gave South Carolina two choices: to hold out or open fire. The south opened fire causing the Cvil War .
  • Ulysses S. Grant

    Was General of the Army of the United States.
  • Battle of the Bull RUn

    Battle of the Bull RUn
    Federal troops marched to Bull Run Creek in Virginia to battle the Confederate.General THomas Stonewall Jackson couterattcked and sent inexperienced troops. The Union fell back to Washington. This battle created a myth that Rebels were invincible and put an end that this war would be a short war.
  • George B. McClellan

    George B. McClellan
    George McClellan was a general-in-chief of the Union Army from November 1861 to March 1862. He raised a well-trained and organized army. He overestimated the strength of the rebels and left his army unengaged at times. Because of his performance at the Battle of Antietam lead Linclon to question his leadership and remove him from his rank.
  • Monitor Vs. Merrimac

    Monitor Vs. Merrimac
    Merrimac, a former Union ship, was a threat to the Union Navy and thier blockade of southern ports (to shut down the shouth's supply and maximaize the north's economy) that could easily sink the Monitor, the Union Navy ship. They countered a five hour duel near Hampton Roads, Virginia. The battled ended with a draw. Monitor prevented the Merrimac from challenging the U.S. naval blockade and the ironclads became the future of naval warfare.
  • Anaconda Plan

    Anaconda Plan
    This plan was created by General Winfield Scott to conquer the south. It included: blockading the south to prevent them from importing war needs, divide the south by controlling the Mississippi River and capturing the TennesseeRiver Valley and march throug Georgia Coast, capture Richmond Virginia (the Capital of the Confederate States).
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    Robert E. Lee led his army into Maryland McClellan, Commander of the Union Army, knew Lee's plan. He invaded rebels at Antietam Creek and rebels retreated in Virginia. Lincoln
    removed McClellan, because he was too slow. The bloodist single day battle.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    Lincoln announced he would issue emancipation to all of the slaves in the Confederate states that didn't return to the Union by January 1, 1863. The Emancipation Proclamation ONLY freed slaves in the confederate states.
  • Battle of Fredericksburg

    Battle of Fredericksburg
    Union Army under Burnside attcked rebels at Fredericksburg, Virginia. Union was defeated with 12,000 dead or wounded while the rebels only had 5,000.
  • Thomas Stonewall Jackson

    Thomas Stonewall Jackson
    Jackson was a Lieutenant Gernal in the Confederate Army. His service includes the Valley Campaign and serving as a corps commander in the Northern Virginia Army under Robert E. Lee. At the Battle of Chancellorsville (May 2, 1863) he was accidently shot by a Confederate picket in his arm. He had his arm aputated. Eight days later he died of pneumonia. His death caused a set back in the Confederacy and affected military prospects and the morale of its army and of the general public.
  • Battle of Vicksburg

    Battle of Vicksburg
    The Union controlled New Orleans and most of the Mississippi River and Valley. Union goal was to have complete control of the Mississipppi River. General Ulysses S. Grant began his siege and drove the confederates into defensive lines around Vicksburg bombarding them against for seven weeks until they surrendered. Now the south was cut off from Texas, Louisiana, and Arkansas.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    Was the turning point of the war. General George Gordon Madea's Army defeated attacks by Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. This battle put an end to Lee's invasion of the north.
  • Sherman's March

    Also known as the Savannah Campaign. Strated in November and lasted through December. Union Major General William Tec
  • Lincoln Assassination

    Lincoln Assassination
    Lincoln was shot by John Wikes Booth at Ford's Theater, six days after the surrender of the Confederacy. The following morning he died. John Booth was involded in a conspiracy to rally the remaining Confederates and continue to fight.