The American Civil War

  • Period: to

    the american civil war

  • election of 1860

    election of 1860
    Democratic southerners refused to vote because slavery couldn't expand in places voters didnt want it. The election broke apart the Democratic party into southern and northern factions. Lincoln was elected as president, which caused the South to declare secession from the North.
  • Jefferson Davis

    Jefferson Davis
    He was the president of the Confederacy. He was not a very good war leader compared to lincoln. Davis had also been in the Mexican & Indian War as a colonel. Also, he had been a United States secretary of war under Franklin Pierce.
  • fort sumter

    fort sumter
    South Carolina demanded that the U.S. army leave the fort. Lincoln used the battle of fort sumter as an excuse to build up a union army. The fort was laid to siege by south carolina troops.
  • Winfield Scott and the Anaconda Plan

    Winfield Scott and the Anaconda Plan
    The anaconda plan was made to cut the South in two. Scott was the longest man to be in service in american history. He created the anaconda plan and briefly served in the Civil war.
  • Battle of Bull Run

    Battle of Bull Run
    It was the first major battle to take place on land. Both armies were unseasoned and poorly trained. The Union thought i could end the war quickly by attacking the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virgina. The battle gave insight that the war would be longer than expected.
  • George McClellan

    George McClellan
    George organized the Potomac army and was briefly the general in chief of the union army. He caused the failure at Peninsula Campaign, but won the Battle of Antietam. Eventually lincoln removed him from command though.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    Its the first major battle on Northern soil and was part of the Maryland Campaign. The battle has been called the bloodiest single day battle in U.S. history, 23,000 had been killed. George B. McClellan had chased Robert E. Lee into maryland, but the confederate army held its ground and managed to survive.
  • Battle of Fredericksburg

    Battle of Fredericksburg
  • Thomas Stonewall Jackson

    Thomas Stonewall Jackson
    He was involved in the Valley Campaign of 1862 and the Seven Days battles. Robert E. Lee accidently shot him at the battle of chancellorville. Eight days later he died from pneumonia. He was the most well known Confederate commander after Robert E. Lee.
  • Robert E. Lee

    Robert E. Lee
    He was the commanding general of the Confederate army. His most notable victories are the battle of fredricksburg,battle of chancellorville, and the seven days battles. He was defeated at the battle of Antietam and Gettysburg.