The American Civil War

By jinwoo1
  • Period: to

    American Civil War

  • Election of 1860

    Election of 1860
    Lincoln wins the election for the republican party with all of the Nothern votes on his side. While the Southern parties were divied in votes. The deep southern states choose to sucede rather than risk the abolition of slavery under a Republican goverment.
  • Jefferson Davis

    Jefferson Davis
    The seven deep South states that had suceded each had conventions individualy, then a representative from each state met up in Montgomery and elected Jefferson Davis as the president of the Confederacy.
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    A fort on the harbor of South Carolina was occupied by federal troops but claimed by the state. So Lincoln announced he was sending rations to the men in the fort. Leaving the decison of whether to allow the rations to pass letting the men hold out in the fort or to attack before the rations arrive to take the fort. South Carolina chose to fight.
  • Winfield Scott and the Anaconda Plan

    Winfield Scott and the Anaconda Plan
    General-in-chief Winfeld Scott's plan to use the Union's navy to blockade southern ports to cut off essential supplies from the South. Then cut up the Mississippi River and divide the Confederacy in half. Finaly train 500,000 new troops to send to Richmond. The plan became an important part of achiveing Nothern victory.
  • Battle of Bull run

    Battle of Bull run
    First major battle of the Civil War. 30,000 Union troops marched down to Virgina to attack Confederate troops near Bull Run Creek.The battle was quickly seen as the victory for the Union. But to their suprise Confederate General, Thomas Jackson, arrived with reinforcements. Jackson counterattacked, sending the inexperienced Union troops into a disorderly panic as they fleed back to Washington, thus ending any thoughts of a short war.
  • Thomas Stonewall Jackson

    Thomas Stonewall Jackson
    A Confederate army General that prevented the Union from an easy victory at Bull Run Creek. If he had not appeared during the battle the Union would have won and mostlikely quelled Southern ideas of sucesion, ending the war.
  • Ulysses S. Grant

    Ulysses S. Grant
    Commander of the Union army who lead to the end of the Confederatey. He was known for his aggressive tactics he aided int he anaconda plan by taking Vicksburg which lead to the split of the Confederacy. He played a key role in Nothern victory at Petersburg by planning devistating attacks eventually breaking though Lee's defence and captuing the Confederate capitol of Richmond
  • Battle of Monitor and Merrimac

    Battle of Monitor and Merrimac
    Also known as the Battle of Hamton Roads. It was the most important or one of the most important naval battles of the Civil War. The Confederate ship Merrimac attacks Minnesota to stop the blockade of their two largest Virginian cities. But they are intercepted by the Union warship the Moonitor, in the end neither ship was destroied but the amazing endurance of ironclad ships was demonstrated. The demonstration made ironclad warships the main naval ship thoughout America and Eroupe.
  • George McClellan

    George McClellan
    General of the East Union forces, McClellan spent most of his time training his men. When he finally invaded Virginia in 1862 (Peninsula Campaign) he was beaten by the brilliant tactics of General Robert E. Lee. The attack lasted five months when McCellen was foced to retreat and was replaced by General John Pope. In the end the only thing McCellan contributed was a well trained army.
  • Robert E. Lee

    Robert E. Lee
    Highest general under Jefferson Davis. He won many victories for the South. Although he was offered to be a General for the Union he refused to go follow his home state of Virgina in sucesion. But he foolishly based his campeigns on the thought that the North had lost the will to fight. His assumpton cost him Antidem and Gettysburg asuring the defeat of the South. Without Lee's victories the war could have been shortened greatly.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    Robert E. Lee continued from his second victory at Bull Run and went on towards Maryland in hopes that a major victory there would gain the Confederacy support form Britain. But Union forces again under McCellans were able to intercept them because of a copy Confederate plan warding off Lee and his men. The battle later on became a decisive one because it denied the Confederacy the support they desperatly needed Lincoln used the victory and followed it with the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • Emacipaton Proclamation

    Emacipaton Proclamation
    It was announced by Lincoln in 1862 declaring the emancipation of all slaves in every confederate state. The proclamation everntaully enlsted the help of the slave community when they were liberated by the Union. Although it had little effect at the time it showed a sign of hope for slaves a chance of freedom.
  • Battle of Fredricksburg

    Battle of Fredricksburg
    McCullens was replaced by Ambrose Bunside. With his more aggressive tactics he headed straight for Lee's army at Fredricksburg. He suffered an immese loss compared the the Confederate army. Learning that being agressive is worse than being cautious.
  • Battle of Vicksburg

    Battle of Vicksburg
    Ulysses S. Grant surrounded the Confederate army in the fortress of Vicksburg. Grant decided to lay seige to the town and foced the surrender of Confederate forces. The victory along with the capture of t surrounded the Confederate army in the fortress of Vicksburg. Grant decided to lay seige to the town and foced the surrender of Confederate forces. The victory along with the capture of Port Hudson lead to the split of the Confederacy that along with Gettysgurg was the turing point of the war.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    One of the most famous speeches in U.S. history told a month after the Battle of Gettysburg dedicated to the new national graveyard put in place for all the men who died in the battle. Lincoln refrences the equality of man from the Declaration of Independence and states that the war was no longer being fought over the Union but for "a new birth in freedom" to bring equality for all citizens. The war was then being fought for the end of slavery.
  • Sherman's March

    Sherman's March
    American Union army general Wlliam Tecumseh Sherman, lead a campaign starting from Atlanta,Gorgia and ending with the capture of the port of Savanna. The campaign greatly damaged the Confederacy's infastructure and crushed their morale. It denied the military principals by working deep within enemcy lines without support.
  • Lincoln's assassination

    Lincoln's assassination
    Lincoln was killed at Ford theater by John Wilks Booth while watching a play with his wife just as the war was ending. It was thought that Booth killed Lincoln to rally the South into continuing the war.
  • Appomattox Courthouse

    Appomattox Courthouse
    The final battle of the Civil War where General Robert E. Lee moved West after abandoning Richmond to meet up with Confederate reinfocements in Ntoh Carolina. Te were cut off by Union foces lead by Ulysses S. Grant. Lee origionaly decided to charge though, but after finding out the massive difference in foces he decided to surrender at the courthouse.