Chapter 13 and 14

  • Acquisition Of Texas

    Acquisition Of Texas
    Texas was acquired on december 9th of 1845. It first applied to be a state while Andrew Jackson was in office but was denied. It was eventually admitted as aslave state by James K. Polk.
  • Acquisition Of Oregon

    Acquisition Of Oregon
    Oregon was aqcuired under president James K. Polk through the Oregon Treaty. This said that Britain would get territory above the 49th parrallel and the United States would get the territory below it.
  • Mexican War

    Mexican War
    The Mexican war of 1846 was between the United States and Mexico. It was a war over Texas and who Texas belonged too. It lasted from 1846 to 1847. The battles took place in Texas, New Mexico, California; Northern, Central, and Eastern Mexico; Mexico City. It took place because people didn't know who Texas belonged too. The United States thought that Texas belonged to them, but Mexico thought it belonged to them. In the end, the United States superior military forces proved effective and p
  • The Gold Rush

    The Gold Rush
    The gold rush was a group of Americans that went west in search of getting rich on gold. It was thought that there was a large amount of unclaimed gold in California and people rushed to get it before it was gone. It lasted from 1848 to 1855. Most of the gold was located in the north of California especially near what is now San Francisco. The gold rush was an extremely big influence in creating the west into a successful flourishing part of the United States economy. The gold ended up in Califo
  • Presidential Election

    Presidential Election
    The candidates of this election were Zachary Taylor, and Lewis Cass. They were all running for the President of the united states. It took place in 1848. Campaigning for this election took place in the north and the south. The whigs campaigned more in the north, while the democrats campaigned in the south. The significance of this election was that this was the first time that everyone in the nation voted for the president and the vice president on the same day. Zachary Taylor ended up winning t
  • Compromise Of 1850

    Compromise Of 1850
    The compromise of 1850 was a series of bills written by the United States. They were created to resolve the territorial and slavery issues caused by the Mexican War. They were written in 1850. They were written in Washington D.C. .
  • 1854 Elections

    1854 Elections
    The 1854 election was beginning of the end for both the Democratic and Whig Parties. Party lines were not well stated and a minority government was formed. Democrats lost a huge number of seats in the North due to the slavery crisis, but remained the largest party in the House. The American Party, had won several seats in previous elections, became the second largest group. In the end, the Democrats and a large number of American Party representatives allied to become the largest faction.
  • Mormon Migration 1850's

    Mormon Migration 1850's
    During the 1850%u2019s the Mormons were forced to leave the east. They had to move west where they wouldn%u2019t be met by hostile force. This migration occurred in the 1850%u2019s. They went from Illinois to Utah. They had to migrate because people thought that polygamy was a horrible thing and that they should be killed for doing it. It is still officially against the law but as long as you are only officially married to one spouse you can be religously married to the others. They followed the Mormon trail t
  • Slavery In The South 1850's

    Slavery In The South 1850's
    In January 1850, Henry Clay presented a bill that would become known as the Compromise of 1850. The terms of the bill included a provision that Texas relinquish its land in exchange for $10 million to be paid to Mexico. The territories of New Mexico, Nevada, Arizona, and Utah were defined while leaving the question of slavery off the table, on the understanding that the issue would be decided when the territories applied for statehood. In addition, the slave trade would be abolished in D.C..
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    The United States government created this act. It was created because of the Missouri compromise being repealed. It was created in 1856. It affected Kansas and Nebraska. It said that the people in these two areas could choose whether they owned slaves or not. This essentially made them slave states. This act was designed by governor Steven a. Douglas of Illinois. It was not problematic until the words popular sovereignity was written into it.
  • Panic Of 1857

    Panic Of 1857
    This was an economic downturn in the united states. It occoured in the year 1857. It was caused by the successive downturn of banks and businesses across the nation. It was worsened by the fear that US banks wouldn't be able to pay what they owed in specie. This also started to create a worldwide depression because of other countries dependance on US goods. It was solved by Howell Cobb. The government decided to sell revenue bonds again. this would be the first time since the Mexican War.
  • Dredd Scott Case

    Dredd Scott Case
    This was a supreme court case between Dredd Scott and John F. Sandford. It was about whether Africans shipped to the united states should be allowed to have citizenship or not. It was also ruled that slaves could not sue in court. This decision was made in 1857. This one case majorly effected the whole united states. This ruling was eventually overruled in the slaughter-house cases. Allowing the descendants of slaves united states citizenship.
  • Lincoln-Douglas Debates

    Lincoln-Douglas Debates
    They were a series of seven debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas. Both were running for senator. The debates were mainly over slavery and they were held in 7 of the 9 congressional districts. A lot of what they said was warped by the media depending on what party the media sided with. Lincoln ended up losing the senate spot but wrote a book including all of his speeches during this campaign. This book ultimately led to his candidacy for the president of the united states.
  • Free Port Doctrine

    Free Port Doctrine
    This was a doctrine thought up by Stephen Douglas during the Lincoln Douglas debates. It was created because Lincoln tried to force Douglas to state that he was pro slavery but instead he said that if a community is pro slavery than its legislation will make laws pro slavery and the other way around. This ment that it was not important for a state to decide if it is a slave state or not. Let it's people decide over time.
  • Transportation During The 1850's and 1860's

    Transportation During The 1850's and 1860's
    Beginning on the mid 1840s, the American economy enjoyed a dozen years of enormous growth and prosperity, particularly for the railroads. The number of miles of tracks in operation quintupled during those years.By the mid 1850s, the east-west rail and water routes carried more than twice as much freight tonnage as the north-south river routes. This closer binding of the western and eastern states reinforced the effect of slavery in creating a self-conscious "North" and "south".