Famous Scientists

  • Jan Swammerdam

    Jan Swammerdam
    He showed the errors of spontaneous generation and laid the basis of the modern understanding of development. He made a contribution to the development of biology and a materialist understanding of nature.
  • Robert Hooke

    Robert Hooke
    Cell Theory-
    He was looking at cork through a microscope and then he realized all of the little holes, or boxes in the cork looked like cells. This produced the cell theory.
  • Anton van Leeuwenhoek

    Anton van Leeuwenhoek
    He looked at blood, rainwater, scrapings from teeth through his own made simple microscope, and observed living cells; called some 'animalcules. He also discovered small 'animalcules' are now called bacteria.
  • Henri Dutrochet

    Henri Dutrochet
    He investigated and described osmosis, respiration, embryology, and the effect of light on plants. He has been given credit for discovering cell biology and cells in plants and the actual discovery of the process of osmosis.
  • Robert Brown

    Robert Brown
    observed that many cells had a dark structure near the center of the cell, which we now call the nucleus
  • Matthias Schleiden

    Matthias Schleiden
    He viewed plant parts under a microscope, and discovered that plant parts are made of cells.
  • Theodor Schwann

    Theodor Schwann
    He viewed animal parts under a microscope and he discovered that animal parts are made of cells.
  • Rudolph Virchow

    Rudolph Virchow
    He stated that all living cells come only from other living cells.
  • Janet Plowe

    She is one of the co-founders of the cell theory. She demonstrated that the cell membrane is a physical structure.
  • Lynn Margulis

    Lynn Margulis
    She is best known for her research paper about endosymbiotic theory formulation which is the first to rely on direct microbiological observations .