The History of the Germ Theory of Disease by Kailee

  • Anton van Leeuwenhoek

    Anton van Leeuwenhoek
    Leeuwenhoek was a salesman in Holland and a amateur scientist. He could make non difficult microscope. He wasnt that into reseraching with the microscope until he came apon Robert Hooke's book, "Mirrograhia". Leeuwenhoek being a great microscope builder, he could magnify up to 200 times. He examined scrapings from his teeth and found " Many very little living animalcules, very prettily moving". He was one of the first to observe and recod microbes. He didnt stop until the end of his life.
  • Robert Hooke

    Robert Hooke
    Robert Hooke was a late 17th century english scientist from a small island ,called Isle of wight, who thought that a good scientist would make observatons and drawing them on paper. When he was in his twenties me made a book called "Micrographia" that had all of his observations and drawing in it. The book was firsted published in 1665. Hooke developed his own version of a microscope and was one of the few best ones out there.
  • Karl Theodor Ernst von Siebold

    Karl Theodor Ernst von Siebold
    Siebold was a German physiologist and zoologist who suggested that microbes are made of only one cell. He tought that orginisms were made up of all single-celled microbes, but in the end was wrong.
  • Matthias Jakob Schleiden

    Matthias Jakob Schleiden
    Matthias was a german scientist who orginaly started out with law but decided to step away and become a a professor of bontany. Unlike most botanists, Schleiden would reather use a microscope to study plants. From his studys he suggested in 1838 that all plants are made of cells, just like how a house is made of all bricks.
  • Theoror Schwann

    Theoror Schwann
    Theodor was a German physiologist who spent his time studying aminals and specifically there digestive system. In 1839 he came up with a theory that not only plant but animals are made up of all cells.
  • Ignaz Philipp Semmelweiss

    Ignaz Philipp Semmelweiss
    As some of the other scientists were studing cells Semmelwiess was trying to save women from dying in Austria. In the 1840's women often died after giving birth because of a childbed fever. He notcied later that this is a infectious and can be spred from somthing in the dead bodies. He believed that the disease went from patient to doctor to a different patient.After that he began to wash his hands and that then reduced the deaths from 12% to 1%.
  • Florence Nightingale

    Florence Nightingale
    NIghtinglae was a one of the first people to publish her thoughts on the value of cleaniness and recommended it was a part of being a good nurse.
  • Rudolf Carl Virchow

    Rudolf Carl Virchow
    Virchow was a Poland doctor that studied sick patients for many years. In the 1850's he was famous for saying that "all cells arise from cells". By that he ment cells reprodude to make new cells, which that process is call multicellular. Virchow believed that diseased cells come from other sick people. Some of his ideas about diseases were wrong but others wernt, like his ideas based on Leukemia.
  • Louis Pasteur

    Louis Pasteur
    Louis Pasteur was a French chemist who began studying microbes in 1864. He saw that certin types od microbes spoil foods and drinks. He heated milk up to 71 degress celius for 15 seconds to kill some of the microbs known as pasteurization. He suggested that microbes, also known as germs, could cause diseases ans can easly spread to and by people.
  • Joseph Lister

    Joseph Lister
    He was concerned about the amount of deaths after a successfull surgery. 45% of the patients died after. After studying whats going on he started to clean his tools with antuseptic and that resulted in 15% less deaths.
  • Robert Koch

    Robert Koch
    He took healthy mouse and gave them blood from a cow that had anthrax. He also took a healthy cows blood and oput that into a different mouce. The mouse with the anthrax blood died and the mouse with the healthy blood survived.
  • Willian Halsted

    Willian Halsted
    Halsted decided he wanted to do more than just try to kill the microbes, he wanted to prevent them from spreading. In 1890 he became one of the first doctors to use gloves while in surgery.