Interwar Year Events (1920s-1930s)

  • Spanish Influenza

    Spanish Influenza
    Who: Victims of the Spanish flu across the world(50-100million people)
    What: Spanish flu (weakened immune system) was a pandemic, deadly flu with no cure that sparked before WW1 ended
    When: 18 months lasing flu starting from Sept. 9th 1918
    Where: Common in rural areas, and cityside. The flu spread across the world even to the Arctic and Pacific Islands
    Why: Came from resort town of San Sebastian on the coast of Spain.
    How: Strucked young adults and people with immune system problems
  • Period: to

    Interwar Year Events (1920s-1930s)

  • Winnipeg General Strike

    Winnipeg General Strike
    Who: Employees/ Workers in the city of Winnipeg that went on strike
    What: The best known general strike in Canada to date after World War 1;This caused much reaction from federal government and city council
    When: Strike lasted from May 15 1919- June 26 1919; Strike ended on "Bloody Saturday"
    Where: Winnipeg, Manitoba
    Why: Workers were furstrated with the unemployment rates and poor working conditions after WW1
    How: They gathered together on this day for a strike, symbolizing their point of view!
  • League of Indian Nations

    League of Indian Nations
    Who: League of Indians was formed by F.O. Loft, a veteran and member of Six Nations Reserve
    What: Non profit organization representing all nations of North America
    When: The League of Nations of Canada was formed in 1919
    Where: Formed in Ontario, first meeting in Alberta
    Why: This organization was formed to extend the relationship between Indians Nations (Natives) and Canadian citizens
    How: F.O. Loft formed this group to advocate the needs of Indians. For e.g., Hunting/Trapping Rights,
  • Prohibition

    Who: Canadian Government enforcing Prohibition on Canadian citizens
    What: Overall establishment to forbid alcohol sales with a few exceptions
    When: The early 1920s, prohibition was enforced with the exception of PEI who established it in 1901
    Where: CANADA!
    Why: Social Reason, Economic Reason,Medical Reason
    How: Men were spending family's saving on aclohol rather than important items;Many labourers were always drunk, so they couldn't perform their jobs;alcohol damaged health
  • Group of Seven

    Group of Seven
    Who: 7 Canadian Landscape Artists
    What: These men highlighted the beauty of Canadian scenery through their masterpiece paintings
    When: The 7 befriended each other in 1911, But the artistic group formed in 1920
    Where: After World War 1 ended, the friends began to tour Ontario. In Canada, they were renowned artists
    Why: Many thought of Canadian landscape as repulsive. The Group of Seven proved them wrong.
    How: Their work is famous, for they associate their paintings with European Impressionisim.
  • Discovery of Insulin

    Discovery of Insulin
    Who: Canadian medical researcher, and Ontario doctor, Frederick Banting
    What: Isolated insulin, as a cure for diabetes
    When: The night of November 24th 1922
    Where: The idea came to him in his bedroom, in Ontario; Medical reseach published in Canada
    Why: Diabetes was a fast growing disease during that time period. A treatment must be found!
    How: Banting was able to isolate Insulin from animals like dogs and inject Insulin into humans which cured diabetes
  • Prime Minister: Mackenzie King

    Prime Minister: Mackenzie King
    Who: William Lyon Mackenzie King, dominant Canadian political leader
    What: 10th Canadian Prime Minister of Canada, liberal party. Also the Prime Minister that served for the longest lasting time
    When: 3 terms in Canadian government starting in 1921. His two other terms started in 1926 and 1935
    Where: Parliament of Canada!
    Why: National unity was his longtime goal and attempted to make a change
    How: He didn't force citizens to think as one, but he accomadated their differences and conflicts
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    Who: The Canadian government VS. Chinese immigrants
    What: AKA Chinese Immigration Act. This Act restricted Chinese from immigrating to Canada
    When: The Chinese Exclusion Act was passed by the Canadian Parliament on July 1st 1923.
    Where: Canada
    Why: The government was afraid of the overwhelming Chinese immigrants... That they would take all the job revenues and opportunities away from other Canadians
    How: During this time period, less than 50 Chinese were able to come to Canada.
  • Person's Case

    Person's Case
    Who: A group of 5 Canadian women, AKA Famous Five
    What: Women were officially declared as people and were qualified to be appointed to the senate!!
    When: October 18h 1929
    Where: The British Privy council... in Britain passed this law to be enforced in Canada
    Why: Women's status was not considered 'persons' at that time. They needed to fight for their rights
    How: They convinced the Government of Canada to induce the British Privy Council to clarify the meaning of “persons”
  • Black Tuesday

    Black Tuesday
    Who: New York Stock Exchange investers
    What: On this day, it marked the beginning of the Great Depression.
    When: October 29th 1929
    Where: United States
    Why: People who spent unwisely investments in the New York Stock Exchange market soon when bankrupt when the stock crashed.
    How: The value of stocks were higher than they were worth and demanded, therefore crashed and caused miserable losses.
  • Five Cent Speech

    Five Cent Speech
    Who: Speech delivered by Mackenzie King
    What: This speech talked about how social welfare was also the province’s responsibility
    When: February of 1930
    Where: Delivered to the Canadian public.. in Canada
    Why: To ensure the public the the province will help with the misery of Black Tuesday/ Great Depression
    How: It is the province's resonsibility, (The liberals were in charge when the speech was given)
  • Prime Minister: R.B. Bennett

    Prime Minister: R.B. Bennett
    Who: Prime Minister of Canada during the Great Depression, also was a multi millionaire and lawyer
    What: Bennett represented the Conservative party, 11th Prime Minister of Canada
    When: Eleceted on August 7th 1930 defeating Mackenzie King
    Where: Canadian Parliament
    Why: Was elected to guide Canada through the Great Depression using his business man background
    How: His plan for breakthroughing the Great Depression was to expand trade with the British Empire and adding tariffs
  • Statute of Westminster

    Statute of Westminster
    Who: Parliament of the United Kingdom
    What: A British law that clarified the powers of the Canadian Parliament and other Dominion colonies
    When: December 11th 1931
    Where: Law established and passed in Great Britain
    Why: Ensured the the powers of Canadian Parliament and other independant colonies were governed by no laws but their own.
    How: Marked legislative independance! :)
  • On to Ottawa Trek!

    On to Ottawa Trek!
    Who: The 1500 residents of the unemployment relief camps in BC
    What: Strikers went to Ottawa to lay complaints to the Prime Minister and Parliament
    When: June 3rd 1935
    Where: Workers moved from Calgary by train and truck to Vancouver, then Ottawa
    Why: Local government of BC/ Vancouver were unwilling to pay the striker's welfare
    How: Therefore, they marched up to the Canadian Parliament and discussed with the Federal government about their conditions in these relief camps
  • Canadian Broadcast Company (CBC)

    Canadian Broadcast Company (CBC)
    Who: Canadian Broadcast Company, betterknown as CBC
    What:The oldest Canadian crown corporation/public radio and TV broadcaster
    When: CBC first got their radio liscences in 1922 and began broadcasting, they expanded from there and started broadcasting in the late 1936
    Where: Broadcasts in Canada
    Why: To deliver the latest local and national news and alerts
    How: Through radio and live television!