Canadian Hisotry 1920s & 1930s Timeline

  • Spanish Flu

    Historical Significance: Was the most damaging epidemic of influenza in the world, killed about 50 000 Canadians.
    What: The most damaging epidemic of influenza which is an infectious epidemic disease caused by a virus.
    Who: seemed to kill young and hearty people
    Where: Canada
    When: Sept, 9, 1918
    Why: was brought to Canada by returning troops after World War 1
    How: The virus enters the body through the respiratory tract, and soon spreads to cause symptoms that include muscular pain and neuralgia.
  • Prohibition

    Historical Significance: this taught the government tax bad habits instead of forbidding them
    Who: Canadians who hated this law
    What: the banning of production, import, and transportation of liquor across Canada
    Where: Canada & U.S
    When: 1918
    Why: crime rates were increasing
    How: cause problems in the economy because Canada lost a lot of money from taxes in liquor stores. Also, bootleggers and speakeasies sold illegal liquor.
  • Period: to

    !920s & 1930s

  • The Winnipeg General Strike

    Historical Significance:was Canada's best-known general strike
    Who:started with the Building and Metal Trades Councils in Winnipeg, soon thousand of other workers went on strike too
    What:A general strike, which almost all industries and key services were shut down
    When:May, 15, 1919
    Why:Massive unemployment and inflation
    How:Many immigrant workers moved to Winnipeg wanting to improve working and living conditions, which made the wealthier citizens suspicious. Tensions grew high.
  • League Of Indians

    Historical Significance:was the first attempt at a united voice for Aboriginal nations
    Who:Frederick Loft was a Mohawk veteran who started the organization
    What:A national organization to bring First Nation groups together
    Where:the organization held its annual meetings in the West because that region had the most active members.
    When:Sept, 2, 1919
    Why:to improve the lives of Aboriginal people across Canada
    How:Loft wrote letters to band councils on reserves around Canada
  • Group Of Seven

    Historical Significance:nobady displayed the beauty of Canadian landscapes before
    Who:Franklin Carmichael, Lawren Harris, A.Y. Jackson, Franz Johnston, Arthur Lismer, J.E.H. Macdonald and F.H.Varley
    What:organization of self-proclaimed modern artists that painted Canadian landscapes
    Where:founded in 1920
    Why:Tom Thomson was a outsdoorman & awakened thier intertests of painting
    How:came together with common fustration with the conserative and imitative quailty of most Canadian art
  • Prime Minister: Mackenzie King

    Historical Significance:helped people get through the Great Depression & World War 2, & helped reduce depts.
    Who:Prime Minister of Canada from Liberal party
    What: dominated the Liberal party & political life in Canada
    Where:born in Berlin on 1874
    When:Dec 1921-Jun 1926, Sept 1926-Aug 1930, Oct 1935-Nov 1948
    Why:made Liberal policies acceptable to different groups and regions across the nation. He listened to what different region Canada wanted.
    How:governed Canada from his different experiences
  • Insulin

    Historical Significance: first medicine to treat diabetes
    Who: Frederick Banting and his assistant Charles Best
    What: a medicine that treats medicine
    Where: University of Toronto
    When: Late 1922
    Why: in 1921, over a million people in North America had diabetes, but no one knew how to solve it
    How: Banting took hormones from dogs and injected into humans
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Historical Significance: July, 1, 1923 is known as “Humiliation Day” to Chinese Canadians
    Who: Chinese Immigrants
    What: An act that stopped all Chinese immigration except for students, merchants, and diplomats into

    Where: Canada
    When: July, 1, 1923
    Why: there were concerns that too many Chinese men were taking jobs away from white people.
    How: Canada passed the act
  • Person's Case

    Historical Significance:changed the conditions for women to ensure women could participate in all aspects in public life
    Who:The "Famous 5" is made up of five Alberta women
    What:it showed the inequality women faced
    When:Oct, 18, 1929
    Why:Before the case, women were known as "non-persons," and governments said that women were not allowed to be appointed to the Senate.
    How:persuaded the Government of Canada to help them persuade the Judicial Committee of the British Privy Council
  • Black Tuesday

    Historical Significance: most famous stock crash in history, the beginning of the Great Depression
    Who: many people who bought stocks
    What: the day the New York Stock Exchanged crashed
    Where: New York
    When: Oct, 29, 1929
    Why:People started selling their stocks all at the same time. Investors couldn't pay interests for their accounts causing the banks to go out of business.
    How:Many people started buying stocks, but then soon realized the stock value was much higher then they were really worth.
  • Foster Hewitt and Hockey Night In Canada

    Historical Significance: first play-by-play hockey games broadcast over the radio
    Who: Foster Hewitt
    What: radio broadcasts where Hewitt would announce the play-by-play hockey games
    Where: his first show was in the gondola over the rink in Maple Leafs Gardens, but now the show is broadcasted in CND
    When: first show in 1931
    Why: because of Hewitt’s love for the game, and hockey was very popular
    How: Hewitt would broadcast games over a telephone connected to the radio station
  • Statute of Westminster

    Historical Significance: it made Canada and other Dominions an independent country
    Who: Canada and other Dominions
    What: a British law clarifying the powers of Canada's Parliament and other Dominions, and giving them the choice to have full freedom or not
    Where: Britain
    When: December, 11, 1931
    Why: the request and with the consent of the Dominions
    How: passed by the British Parliament.
  • New Deal

    Historical Significance:Jan, 1937 the Judical Committee Of The Privy Council declared most of the "New Deal" ultra vibes
    Who: R.B Bennett
    What:The New Deal promised a more progressive taxation system, a maximum work week, a minimum wage, closer regulation of working conditions, unemployment insurance, health and agricultural support programs.
    Where:Canada on the radio
    When:Jan, 2, 1935
    Why:to try to win the election
    How:Bennett started a series of live radio speeches about a New Deal for Canada
  • On To Ottawa Trek

    Historical Significance:defining event of the Great Depression
    Who:Thousands of unemployed men
    What:the journey of thousands of men who boarded trains for Ottawa to protest the government
    Where:The trekkers got as far as Regina
    When:Jan, 3, 1935
    Why:thousands of men were fed up with life in the B.C relief camps. The trekkers wanted clear economic reforms such as minimun wages and a genuine system of social and unemployment insurance
    How:strikers organized themselves into divisions,
  • SS St.Louis

    Historical Significance:many Jews eventually died in Nazi concentration camps, and now CAN is more open minded in accepting political refugees
    Who:907 Jewish refugees
    What:a ocean liner
    Where:CAN’s East Coast
    Why:the Jews weren’t allowed entry because the Canadians believe that the Jews would not make excellent settlers
    How:the Jews had already been denied entrance to Cuba and other Latin American countries, so they tried to go to CAN, but CAN refused them entry