Near closing time, a fire broke out on the top floors of this building. The doors were chained shut to prevent workers from taking breaks. The fire escape collapsed from too many people and the death count was 146, mostly young girls.
Woodrow Wilson Elected President
There were 4 candidates for the election of 1912; Taft, Roosevelt, Debs, and Wilson. Wilson won by only a 42% popular vote because the Republicans split between Roosevelt and Taft.
The Titanic Sinks
The "Unsinkable" strikes an iceburg durings its maiden voyage across the Atlantic. It sinks and takes with it over 1500 lives.
Mass Production of the Model-T
Henry Ford developed the assembly line and production went through the roof. Huge profits came in a the American economy was stimulated.
Federal Reserve System Created
This law reorganized the banking structure, creating 8-12 regional Federal Reserve Banks that all banks must become a member of. It also allowed the Government to supervise these banks.
Clayton Anti-Trust Act
This act put many restrictions on big business, largely because of monopolies like Standard Oil and the American Tobacco Company. It stated that striking, picketing, and peaceful protest were alright.
World War One
An anarchist shot Archduke Franz Fedinand, heir to an Austro-Hungarian throne. Astria-Hungary declared war on Serbia and a tangled system of Alliances and militarism fueled it into the Great World War.
The Lusitania was Sunk
A German U-boat suspected the passenger vessel of carrying arms and ammunition to to the Allies. They fired without warning, killing 1198 people; 100 whom were children.
Woodrow Wilson Re-elected
Wilson wins with a small percentage over Candidate Hughes for his second term.
KDKA is the first commercial redio station to air in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.