Foundations of Democracy

  • Jan 1, 1215

    Magna Carta Signed

    Magna Carta Signed
    Magna Carta is an English charter, originally issued in the year 1215, and reissued later in the 13th century in modified versions which omit certain temporary provisions, including the most direct challenges to the monarch's authority. The charter first passed into law in 1225. The 1297 version, with the long title (originally in Latin) The Great Charter of the Liberties of England, and of the Liberties of the Forest, still remains on the statute books of England and Wales
  • Mayflower Compact Signed

    Mayflower Compact Signed
    The Mayflower Compact was the first governing document of Plymouth Colony. It was written by the colonists, later together known to history as the Pilgrims, who crossed the Atlantic aboard the Mayflower. Almost half of the colonists were part of a separatist group seeking the freedom to practice Christianity according to their own determination and not the will of the English Church.[citation needed] It was signed on November 11, 1620 (OS)[1] by 41 of the ship's one hundred and two passengers,[2
  • New England Confederation approved

    New England Confederation approved
    The United Colonies of New England, commonly known as the New England Confederation, was a political and military alliance of the English colonies of Massachusetts, Plymouth, Connecticut, and New Haven. Established May 29, 1643,[1] its primary purpose was to unite the Puritan colonies against the Native Americans. It was established as a direct result of a war which started between the Mohegan and Narragansetts. It also provided for the return of fugitive criminals and indentured servants, and s
  • Parliament Established

    Parliament Established
  • Thomas Hobbes- Leviation

    Thomas Hobbes- Leviation
    Hobbes was a champion of absolutism for the sovereign but he also developed some of the fundamentals of European liberal thought: the right of the individual; the natural equality of all men; the artificial character of the political order (which led to the later distinction between civil society and the state); the view that all legitimate political power must be "representative" and based on the consent of the people; and a liberal interpretation of law which leaves people free to do whatever
  • John Locke- Two treaties of Government

    John Locke- Two treaties of Government
    John Locke (pronounced /ˈlɒk/; 29 August 1632 – 28 October 1704), widely known as the Father of Liberalism,[2][3][4] was an English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers. Considered one of the first of the British empiricists, following the tradition of Francis Bacon, he is equally important to social contract theory. His work had a great impact upon the development of epistemology and political philosophy. His writings influenced Voltaire an
  • English Bill of rights Established

    English Bill of rights Established
    The Bill of Rights was passed by Parliament in December 1689.It was a re-statement in statutory form of the Declaration of Right presented by the Convention Parliament to William and Mary in March 1689, inviting them to become joint sovereigns of England.
  • Iroquois Confederation

    Iroquois  Confederation
  • Baron De Montesqiue

    Baron De Montesqiue
    Charles-Louis de Secondat, baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu 18 January 1689, La Brède, Gironde – 10 February 1755, was a French social commentator and political thinker who lived during the Enlightenment. He is famous for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers, taken for granted in modern discussions of government and implemented in many constitutions throughout the world.
  • Adopted albany plan of union

    Adopted albany plan of union
    The Albany Plan was proposed by Benjamin Franklin at the Albany Congress in 1754 in Albany, New York. It was an early attempt at forming a union of the colonies "under one government as far as might be necessary for defense and other general important purposes" during the French and Indian War. Franklin's plan of union was one of several put forth by various delegates of the Albany Congress.
  • Colonial Legislatures

    Colonial Legislatures
    The colonial history of the United States covers the history from the start of European settlement and especially the history of the 13 colonies of Britain until they declared independence in 1776. In the late 16th century, England, Scotland, France, Sweden, Spain and the Netherlands began to colonize eastern North America. Many early attempts—notably the English Lost Colony of Roanoke—ended in failure, but several successful colonies were established. European settlers came from a variety of
  • Jean Jacque Rousseau- The social contract

    Jean Jacque Rousseau- The social contract
    Jean Jacques Rousseau was a major Genevois philosopher, writer, and composer of 18th-century Romanticism. His political philosophy heavily influenced the French Revolution, as well as the American Revolution and the overall development of modern political, sociological and educational thought.
  • Sir John Blackstone-Commentaries on the laws of england

    Sir John Blackstone-Commentaries on the laws of england
  • First continental Congress Meets

    First continental Congress Meets
    The First Continental Congress was a convention of delegates from twelve of the thirteen North American colonies that met on September 5, 1774, at Carpenters' Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, early in the American Revolution. Called in response to the passage of the Coercive Acts (also known as Intolerable Acts by the Colonial Americans) by the British Parliament, the Congress was attended by 56 members appointed by the legislatures of twelve of the Thirteen Colonies.
  • Second Continental Congress Meets

    Second Continental Congress Meets
    By the time the Second Continental Congress met on May 10, 1775 in Philadelphia, shooting in the American Revolutionary War had begun. Moderates in the Congress still hoped that the colonies could be reconciled with Great Britain, but a movement towards independence steadily gained ground. Congress established the Continental Army, coordinated the war effort, issued a Declaration of Independence in July 1776, and designed a new government in the Articles of Confederation,
  • Declaration of Independence Signed

    Declaration of Independence Signed
    The United States Declaration of Independence is a statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies then at war with Great Britain were now independent states, and thus no longer a part of the British Empire. Written primarily by Thomas Jefferson, the Declaration is a formal explanation of why Congress had voted on July 2 to declare independence from Great Britain, more than a year after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary
  • Common Law

    Common Law
    Common law, also known as case law, is law developed by judges through decisions of courts and similar tribunals rather than through legislative statutes or executive branch action. A "common law system" is a legal system that gives great precedential weight to common law, on the principle that it is unfair to treat similar facts differently on different occasions. The body of precedent is called "common law" and it binds future decisions. In cases where the parties disagree on what the la
  • Enlightenment

  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
  • Constitution Confederation meet

    Constitution Confederation meet
    The Constitution of the United States of America is the supreme law of the United States. The Constitution is the framework for the organization of the United States government and for the relationship of the federal government with the states, citizens, and all people within the United States. The Constitution creates the three branches of the national government: a legislature, the bicameral Congress; an executive branch led by the President; and a judicial branch headed by the Supreme Court.
  • Ratification of The Contitution

    Ratification of The Contitution
    After the Annapolis Convention, the states, with the exception of Rhode Island, elected delegates to the Constitutional Convention, which finally began deliberations on May 25, 1787. The Convention lasted until September 17, 1787. (Events at the Convention are listed on a blue background.) Once the Constitution was endorsed and signed by the Convention, it was transmitted to the states for ratification.
  • Written Contitution

    Written Contitution
    The separation of powers, is a model for the governance of both democratic & federative states. The model was first developed in ancient Greece and came into widespread use by the Roman Republic as part of the uncodified Constitution of the Roman Republic. the state is divided into branches, each with separate and independent powers and areas of responsibility so that no one branch has more power than the other branches.
  • Seperation of powers

    Seperation of powers
    The separation of powers, is a model for the governance of both democratic & federative states. The model was first developed in ancient Greece and came into widespread use by the Roman Republic as part of the uncodified Constitution of the Roman Republic. Under this model, the state is divided into branches, each with separate and independent powers and areas of responsibility so that no one branch has more power than the other branches.
  • Bill of Rights

    Bill of Rights
    A Bill of Rights is a list of the most important rights of the citizens of a country. The purpose of these bills is to protect those rights against infringement by the government. The term "bill of rights" originates from England, where it referred to the Bill of Rights 1689