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American Democracy

  • Jun 15, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    While the Magna Carta, signed in 1215, primarily secured liberties for England’s elite classes, its language protecting due process and barring absolute monarchy has guided the fundamental principles of common law in constitutions around the world for the last 800 years. The Magna Carta brought an end to the absolute power of English sovereigns as they, too, were required to be held accountable by the law.
  • Period: Sep 13, 1295 to Oct 1, 1295

    Summonses to Parliament

    Summons of a Bishop to Parliament (1295)-The King to the venerable father in Christ Robert
    Summons of a Baron to Parliament (1295)-The king to his beloved and faithful relative, Edmund, Earl of Cornwall
    Summons of Representatives of Shires and Towns to Parliament (1295)-The king to the sheriff of Northamptonshire.
  • Nov 5, 1297

    Conformatio Cartarum

    Conformatio Cartarum
    Document written in the reign of Edward I, confirming the principles of Magna Carta.
  • Period: May 30, 1381 to Nov 1, 1381

    Peasants Revolt

    A major uprising across large parts of England. The revolt had various causes, including the socio-economic and political tensions generated by the Black Death, the high taxes from the conflict with France during the Hundred Years' War, and instability within leadership of London. The final trigger for the revolt was the intervention of a royal official, J. Bampton, attempts to collect unpaid poll taxes in Brentwood.It ended in a violent confrontation, which rapidly spread across the south east
  • Jamestown was Settled

    Jamestown was Settled
    In 1607, 104 English men and boys arrived in North America to start a settlement. On May 13 they picked Jamestown, Virginia for their settlement, which was named after their King, James I. The settlement became the first permanent English settlement in North America.
  • Mayflower Compact was Written

    Mayflower Compact was Written
    he Mayflower Compact, signed by 41 English colonists on the ship Mayflower on November 11, 1620, was the first written framework of government established in what is now the United States. The compact was drafted to prevent dissent amongst Puritans and non-separatist Pilgrims who had landed at Plymouth a few days earlier.
  • Petition of Right

    Petition of Right
    Important document setting out the rights and liberties of the common English subject.
  • Failure of Common wealth

    Failure of Common wealth
    The common wealth system had failed
  • The Glorious Revolution

    The Glorious Revolution
    The Glorious Revolution, also called the Revolution of 1688, was the overthrow of King James II of England
  • English Bill of Rights

    English Bill of Rights
    The document confirming the principles of "The Glorious Revolution" of 1688, including free speech, parliamentary supremacy and Protestant succession.
  • Two Treaties of Government

    Two Treaties of Government
    A work of political philosophy published anonymously in 1689 by John Locke. The First Treatise attacks patriarchalism in the form of sentence-by-sentence refutation of Robert Filmer's Patriarcha, while the Second Treatise outlines Locke's ideas for a more civilized society based on natural rights and contract theory.
  • The Act of Union

    The Act of Union
    The Acts of Union were two Acts of Parliament the Union with Scotland Act 1706 passed by the Parliament of England, and the Union with England Act passed in 1707. They put into effect the terms of the Treaty of Union that had been agreed, following negotiation representing the parliaments of the two countries. England and Scotland which at the time were separate states with separate legislatures in the words of the Treaty, "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain".
  • Albany Plan of Chion

    Albany Plan of Chion
    Was a plan to create a unified government for the Thirteen Colonies, suggested by Benjamin Franklin, then a senior leader and a delegate from Pennsylvania, at the Albany Congress
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    An act of the British Parliament in 1756 that exacted revenue from the American colonies by imposing a stamp duty on newspapers and legal and commercial documents. Colonial opposition led to the act's repeal in 1766 and helped encourage the revolutionary movement against the British Crown.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    The Boston Massacre was the killing of five colonists by British regulars on March 5, 1770. It was the culmination of tensions in the American colonies that had been growing since Royal troops first appeared in Massachusetts in October 1768 to enforce the heavy tax burden imposed by the Townshend Acts.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    The Boston Tea Party initially referred to by John Adams as "the Destruction of the Tea in Boston" was a political protest by the Sons of Liberty in Boston
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    Was the American Patriots' term for a series of punitive laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774 after the Boston Tea party. They were meant to punish the Massachusetts colonists for their defiance in throwing a large tea shipment into Boston harbor.
  • Period: to

    First Continental Congress

    Was a meeting of delegates from twelve of the Thirteen Colonies that met at Carpenters' Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, early in the American Revolution.
  • Period: to

    American Revolution

    The American Revolution was a political upheaval that took place between 1765 and 1783 during which colonists in the Thirteen American Colonies rejected the British monarchy and aristocracy, overthrew the authority of Great Britain, and founded the United States of America.
  • Period: to

    Second Contiental Congress

    Was a convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that started meeting in the summer of 1775, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, that, soon after warfare, declared the American Revolutionary War had begun.
  • Proclamation of Rebellion

    Proclamation of Rebellion
    A Proclamation for Suppressing Rebellion and Sedition, was the response of George III of Great Britain to the news of the Battle of Bunker Hill at the outset of the American Revolutionary War.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration  of Independence
    The Declaration of Independence is a document which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with the Kingdom of Great Britain, regarded themselves as thirteen newly independent sovereign states, and no longer under British rule. Instead they formed a new nation the United States of America.
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    The original constitution of the US, ratified in 1781, which was replaced by the US Constitution in 1789.
  • Contract Between The King and the States

    Contract Between The King and the States
    The reestablished peace between the belligerent powers, the advantages of a free commerce to all parts of the globe, and the independence of the thirteen United States of North America
  • Philadelphia Convention

    Philadelphia Convention
    The convention was intended to revise the Articles of Confederation, the intention from the outset of many of its proponents, chief among them James Madison and Alexander Hamilton, was to create a new government rather than fix the existing one.
  • Constitution of Untied States

    Constitution of Untied States
    The supreme law of the United States of America. The Constitution, originally comprising seven articles, delineates the national frame of government.
  • Bill of Rights

    Bill of Rights
    The first 10 amendments to the Constitution make up the Bill of Rights. Written by James Madison in response to calls from several states for greater constitutional protection for individual liberties, the Bill of Rights lists specific prohibitions on governmental power.