Roots of American Democracy

  • Jun 15, 1215

    Magna Carta/ Great charter

    Magna Carta/ Great charter
    Issued by King John in 1215.
    This document gave rights to certain English people.
    It was agreed upon on June 15, 1215.
    Protects Noble authority, Rights to landholders, and equal treatment under the law.
  • Jamestown Colony

    Jamestown Colony
    The first permenant English settlement in North America.
    Situated on marshy peninsula in the James River of Virginia.
  • House of Burgess

    House of Burgess
    The first assembly of elected representatives of English colonists in North America.
    The first legislative assembly in the American colonies at Jamestown church.
  • Mayflower Compact

    Mayflower Compact
    First governing document of the Plymouth ccolony written by the colonists.
    Drawn up with fair and equal laws.
    1620s Pilgrims from Massachusetts realized the need for governement and created the Mayflower Compact.
    Establishing a tradition of direct democracy.
  • Plymouth Colony

    Plymouth Colony
    Established by the pilgrims, Massachusetts who arrived on the Mayflower and later had the first Thanksgiving celebration.
    The Mayflower Compact was the official Constitution of the Plymouth colony.
  • The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

    The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
    The basic rule of the Connecticut colony from 1639 to 1662.
    Called for an assembly of elected representatives fro each town to make laws.
    A democratic principle of government based on the will of the people.
    first written Constitution of a democratic government.
  • Mercantilism

    Mercantilism
    An economic system formed during the decay of feudalism to unify, increase power, and increase the wealth of the nation by strict governmental regulation of the national economy.
  • Glorious Revolution

    Glorious Revolution
    The English people's revolt against demands from the king.
    Took place because James II was engulfed with French ideas, he was heading into a different English government.
  • English Bill of Rights

    English Bill of Rights
    Enacted by English parliament
    Fundamental document of English constitutional law.
    Marks fundamental milestone in the progression of English society.
    Right to petition, monarch can not suspend Parliament's laws, can not create special courts, and impose taxes or raise an army without Parliament;s consent.
  • Culpeper's Rebellion

    Culpeper's Rebellion
    The most significate rebellion of the proprietory period in Albemarle Colony.
    Protesting the British Navigation Acts.
  • Salem Witch Trials

    Salem Witch Trials
    19 men and women have been convicted of witchcraft from June through September of 1692.
    They were taken to Gallows Hills for hanging.
    Another man over eighty years was pressed to death with heavy stones for not confessing of being a witch.
  • First Great Awakening

    First Great Awakening
    A christian revitalization movement that spread in Protestant Europe and British America.
    Lead by Jonathon Edwards.
  • Albany Plan of Union

    Albany Plan of Union
    Adopted in a meeting known as the Albany Congress.
    Destroying relations colonists had with the Iroguois.
  • French and Indian War

    French and Indian War
    British and American soldiers fought French and Native American soldiers for control of North america.
    Name given by American historians to the North American colonial war between Great Britain and France.
  • Pontiac's Rebellion

    Pontiac's Rebellion
    Native American uprising from the British.
    After the close of the French and Indian Wars.
  • Proclamation Line of 1763

    Proclamation Line of 1763
    A royal decree issued that prohibited the North American colonists from esabllishing settlements west of the crest of the Appalachian Mountains.
  • Sugar/Revenue Act of 1764

    Sugar/Revenue Act of 1764
    An act for granting certain duties in the British Colonies and Plantations in America.
    Enforced the collection of taxes on goods like sugar to help raise revenue.
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    Tax on legal documents.
    an act for granting and applying certain stamp duties in the British colonies and plantations in America.
    defraying the expenses of defending, protecting, and securing, amending parliament related to trade.
  • Period: to

    Roots of american History

  • Sons of Liberty

    Sons of Liberty
    Secret organization formed in the American Colonies in protest against the stamp act.
    They participated in caling the Continental Congress of 1774.
  • Period: to

    Townshend Act

    an additiona tax on goods such as paper and silk.
    Colonists react to this by rioting, anger lasts and in 1772 lead to the burning of the Gaspee.
  • Townshend Act

    Townshend Act
    an additional tax on goods such as paper and silk.
    Colonists reacted by rioting, anger lasts and in 1772 leading to the burning of the Gaspee.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    The killing of five colonists by British regulars.
    the cultimation of tensions in the American colonies.
  • Gaspee Incident

    Gaspee Incident
    The burning of the British Naval Cutter.
    Example of colonial opposition to the enforcement of the trade and navigation act.
  • Committees of Correspondance

    Committees of Correspondance
    Formed throughout the colony as a mean of coordinating actions against Britain.
    These committees were responsible for taking the sense of their parent body on a particular issue..
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    Launched the final spark to revolutionary movement in Boston.
    Designed to prop up the East India company.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    Action by colonists in Boston against the British Government for imposing a tax on tea.
    huge amounts of tea were poured out in the Boston Harbor.
    The government reacted to this by closing the city port.
  • Intolerable acts

    Intolerable acts
    designed by the colonists for the Boston Tea Party.
    Laws that were sponsored by the British Prime Minister enacted in 1774.
    No trial by jury, soldier in your home, closed British Harbor, Massachusetts Assembly closed, and British trial in England.
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    Brought representatives together from each of the colonies.
    It was held because of the colonists being upset over the intolerable acts and the taxes.
  • Edenton Tea Party

    Edenton Tea Party
    One of the earliest organized women's political actions in United States history.
    A political protest in Edenton, North Carolina, in response to the Tea Act, which was passed by th British Parliament in 1773.
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    The delegates from the thirteen colonies gathered in Philidelphia to discuss their next steps.
    The members of the Second Continent Congress met at the state house of Philidelphia.
    The meeting started out with battle of Lexington and Concord in their memories.
    The Second Continental Congress established the miltia as the Continental Army to represent the thirteen states.
  • Mecklenburg Resolves

    Mecklenburg Resolves
    A committee of citizens made this document to reorganize their local government and the people of Mecklenburg County to declare themselves independent of the crown of Britain.
  • Halifax Resolves

    Halifax Resolves
    The first direction from an entire colony instructing its delegates to the Continental Congress to vote for independence from Great Britain.
  • Virginia Resolve

    Virginia Resolve
    Passed by the fifth Virginia Convention of Williansburg.
    Passed to move the Virginia Resolve as a congressional resolution adopted by the thirteen colonies.
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    Served as the United State's first constitution and it was in use from March 1, 1781, until 1789 when present-day constitution came into affect.
    Create during the Revolutionary War that reflected the wariness of the states of a strong central governent.
  • Treaty of Paris 1783

    Treaty of Paris 1783
    The treaty that ended the Revolutionary War giving formal recognition to the United States also establishing U.S boundaries, fishing rights, allowing creditors of each country to be paid by citizens of another. rwestoring rights and property of Loyalists, opening up the Mississippi river to citizens of both nations and providing evacuation of all British forces.
  • Land Ordinace of 1785

    Land Ordinace of 1785
    Law passed by Congress that allowed for sales of land in the Northwest Territories and set up standards for land sales that became precedents.
    It was a landmark legislation.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    Document drafted by Thomas Jefferson between June 11 and June 28, 1776.
    The Declaration of Independence is the nation's most cherished symbol of liberty and Jefferson's most enduring monument.
  • shay's Rebellon

    shay's Rebellon
    Armed miltia in Massachusett against the state government.
    In September Daniel Shay and others forced the state supreme court at Springfield to adjourn.
    Benjamin Lincoln commanded 4,400 soldiers against the rebels.
    Shay was pardoned in June, 1788 and the rebellion influenced massachusett's ratification of the U.S Constitution.
  • Constitutional Convention

    Constitutional Convention
    Met in Philidelphia in 1787 to write a document that would replace the Articles of Confederation.
    A secret meeting that was held at a meeting that hosted 55 delegates from twelve of the thirteen colonies where they discussed and eventually derived the constitution to replace the Articles of Confederation.
  • Land of Ordinance 1787

    Land of Ordinance 1787
    Called the Northwest Ordinance.
    It was an act of the Congress of the Confederation.
    Primary effect was the creation of the northwest.
  • Federalist/Anti Federalist Papers

    Federalist/Anti Federalist Papers
    The Anti-Federalist papers opposed ratification of the Constitution.
    The Federalist papers are known as the New Constitution.
  • Whiskey Rebellion

    Whiskey Rebellion
    Began when the U.S Congress in Philadelphia passed a federal excise tax of seven cents per gallon on whiskey.
    THe efforts of this was to pay off debs from the Revolutionary War.